Category Archives: Worship

Ahaadeeth that are popular, Widespread and Weak (Part 4 – Concerning Ramadhan and fasting)

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu Alaa Rasoollillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

Ramadhaaniyaat: Ahaadeeth concerning Ramadhaan and fasting

In continuing with this series we mention here ahaadeeth connected to Ramadhaan. Every ramadhaan in sermons, lectures and articles there are a number of oft repeated claims made concerning this blessed month, hopefully the origin of some of these claims will become clearer with these brief articles. Whatever is established by other texts will be indicated inshallah.

Upon the authority of Abu Huraira – Radhiyallahu anhu who said that the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Wa Salam said:

The beginning of Ramadhaan is mercy, its middle is forgiveness, and its end sees (the) freedom (of individuals) from the fire

Ruling: Dha’eef Jiddan (Very weak)

(Collected by Ibn Abi Dunya in ‘Fadhaa’ilu shahri Ramadhaan’ (37), and declared ‘Dha’eef Jiddan by Shaikh AlAlbaani in ‘Ad dha’eefah’ (4/1569))

Upon the authority of Anas Ibn Maalik who said:

When (the month of) Rajab would enter (upon us) he (the prophet – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam) used to say:

“Allahumma Baarik lanaa fee Rajabin Wa Sha’baan wa Balighnaa Ramadhaan (Oh Allah bless us in Rajab and sha’baan and bring us to Ramadhaan)”

Ruling: Dha’eef (Weak)

(Collected by Ibn Abi Dunya in ‘Fadhaa’ilu Shahri Ramadhaan (1) and Ibn Asaakir and declared ‘Dha’eef’ by Shaikh Al Albaani in Dha’eeful Jaami’ (4395))

Upon the authority Abdullah Ibn Abi Aufaa who said that the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam said:

The sleep of the fasting person is worship, and his silence is tasbeeh (glorifying Allah) and his actions are multiplied, his supplications are answered and his sins are forgiven

Ruling:Maudoo’ (Fabricated)

(Collected by Al Khalaal in ‘Al Amaali’ (46) and declared ‘Dha’eef’ by Shaikh Al Albaani in ‘Dha’eef Al Jaami’ (5972)) and ‘Maudoo’ in ‘Dha’eefah (4696))

Upon the authority of Abu Huraira who said that the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi wa Salam who said:

Fast!, and become healthy

Ruling: Dha’eef (Weak)

(Collected by Ibn Sunni and Abu Nu’aym and declared ‘Dha’eef’ by Sh Al Albaani in Dha’eeful Jaami’ (3504))

Upon the authority of Bilal ibnil Haarith who said that the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam who said

Ramadhaan in Madeenah is better than Ramadhaan in any other place

Ruling: Baatil (False hadeeth)

(Collected by At Tabaraani 1/111/2 and Ibn Asaakir 8/510/2 and declared ‘Baatil’ by Sh Naasir in ‘Ad Dha’eefah (831))

Upon the authority Anas Ibn Maalik – Radhiyallahu anhu who said the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam said:

Indeed Allah revealed to his angels who record the deeds of the servants, do not record any of the evil deeds of my fasting servants after Asr

Ruling: Baatil (False hadeeth)

(Collected by Al Khateeb Al Baghdaadi in ‘At Taareekh’ (6/124) and declared ‘Baatil’ by Imaamud daaraqtni and Sh Al Albaani in ‘Ad Dha’eefah (6580))

Upon the authority Abu Huraira who said the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam:

Everything has its zakaat, and the zakaat of the body is fasting, for fasting is half of patience

Ruling: Dha’eef (Weak)

(Collected by Ibn Maajah (1745) and declared ‘Dha’eef’ by Sha Al Albaani in ‘Dha’eef At Targheeb 579))

Wallahu a’lam

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From the benefits of fasting

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salāmu ‘alaa Rasūlillahi

Ammā Ba’d

Indeed the great act of worship, fasting, has been prescribed upon this ummah just as it was prescribed upon the previous nations. Allah the most high prescribed it upon us for many great benefits.

From the greatest of its benefits the attainment of piety

Allah the most high informs us (the meaning of which):

Oh you who believe! Fasting has been prescribed upon just as it was prescribed upon those who came before you that perhaps you may receive piety

(Suratul Baqarah Vs

Likewise from the benefits of fasting, the development of Sabr (patience). Since fasting itself is an exercise in patience, it requires patience and it develops patience and due to it, one receives the reward of the patient!

Allah the most high states (the meaning of which):

Indeed the patient will receive their reward without measure

(Suratuz Zumar Vs 10)

From its benefits is that it is from the things that expiates ones wrong-doings related to his family wealth children and neighbours

Upon the authority of Hudhaifa who said the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

The wrongdoings of an individual related to his family, his wealth, himself and his children are expiated by fasting, prayer , charity and enjoining the good and forbidding the evil

(Collected by Bukhāri and Muslim)

From the benefits of fasting is that preparing for it earns a person the good mention of Allah and the supplications of the Angels

Indeed Allah mentions his servant in the gathering of the heavens and the angels supplicate for those who take the pre-dawn meal

(Collected by Ibn Hibbān and At Tabarāni in ‘Al Awsat’ and declared ‘Hasan’ by Shaikh Al Albāni in Sahīhul Jāmi’ (1844))#

From the benefits of fasting is that the fasting person is distanced from the fire and has a trench distancing him from the fire due to it

Upon the authority of ‘Uqbah Ibn ‘Aamir wo said the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

Whoever fasts a day for the sake of Allah, then Allah distances him from Jahannam the distance of one hundred years

(Collected by Nisā’i and declared ‘Hasan’ by Shaikh Albāni in ‘Sahīhul Jāmi’ (6330))

Upon the authority of Abu Umāmah who said the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

Whoever fasts a day for the sake of Allah, Allah will make a trench between him and the hellfire like the distance between the heavens and the earth

(Collected by At Tirmidhi and declared ‘Sahīh’ by Shaikh Al Albāni in As Sahīhah (563))

From the benefits of fasting is that the one who dies while fasting enters Jannah

Upon the authority of Hudhaifa – Radhiyallahu ‘anhu who said that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

“Whosoevers’ final deed is a days fast will enter Jannah

(Collected by Ahmad in his Musnad and Ibn Shāhīn and others and declared ‘Sahīh’ by Shaikh Al Albāni in Sahīhul Jāmi’ (6224))

In Jannah it will be said to those who used to fast ‘Eat and drink!’

Allah the most high says regarding that which the people of Jannah will be told (the meaning of which):

Eat and drink at ease for that which you have sent on before you in days past!”

(Suratul Haqqah Vs 24)

Mujāhid and others from the scholars of tafseer-Rahimahumullah said:

This was revealed concerning people who used to fast

(See Fathul Qadīr 5/284)

From its benefits is that the fragrance of the mouth of the fasting person smells sweeter than musk to Allah

Upon the authority of Abu Huraiah who said that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

By him is whose hands is the soul of Muhammad the fragrance of the breath of the fasting person smells sweeter to Allah on the day of Judgement than the fragrance of musk.”

(Collected by Muslim (2762))

From the benefits of fasting is the two periods of joy the fasting person receives

Upon the authority of who said that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

The fasting person has two occasions of joy! One when he breaks his fast and one when he meets his lord

(Collected by Muslim (2762)

Alongside the many other benefits fasting brings from, from nurturing the believer upon suppressing his desires for the sake of Allah, reminding him of the state of those less well off than him, those who regularly experience hunger and other health related benefits. Thus all praise is due to Allah who has guided us to the most noble of actions, Wa lillhil hamdu wal minah!  

Was Sallallahu ‘alaa Nabiyinā Muhammad

Abu Hakeem

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From the rulings related to Fasting – 2

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaatu ‘alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

From the Sunan of fasting:

Taking the suhoor (pre-dawn meal)

Upon the authority of Anas ibn Maalik – Radhiyallahu anhu who said: The Prophet – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam said: “Take the suhoor for indeed in the suhoor there is barakah (blessings)”

(Agreed Upon)

Upon the authority of Amr Ibnil ‘Aas -Radhiyallahu ‘anhu who said: “The difference between our fast and the fast of the people of the book is eating at the time of Suhoor

(Collected by Muslim (1096))

From the best forms of Suhoor

Upon the authority of Abu Hurairah – Radhiyallahu ‘anhu who said: “Dates are a blessed form of Sahoor for the believer”

(Collected by Abu Daawood (2345) and declared ‘Saheeh’ by Sh Al Albaani)

The best time for Suhoor

The best time for suhoor is the time the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam took it.

Upon the authority of Zaid Ibn Thaabit – Radiyallahu anhu – who said “We took the Suhoor meal with the Prophet – Sallallahu alahi Was Salam then he stood to prayer so I said: “What was the amount of time between the adhan and the Sahoor? He said: “Approximately (the time it takes to recite) fifty verses

(Agreed Upon)

The time of Iftaar

Upon the authority of Umar Ibn Al Khataab – Radhiyallahu anhu who said: “The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam said: “If the night approaches from here and the day disappears from here and the sun sets, then the fasting person has broken his fast (i.e that is the time for him to break the fast)”

(Agreed Upon)

the word ‘here’ is clarifyed in the following narration

Upon the authority of Abdullah ibn Abi Aufaa – Radhiyallahu anhu who said: “We travelled with thte Messenger of Allah while he was fasting. So when the sun had set he saidDisembark and prefare food for us!(the term used is ‘fajnah’ which literally means to mix but is a reference to mixing milk or labn with water or mixing flour with water in the preperation of a meal)  He (the companion) said: “Should we not wait until evening?” He said: “Disembark and prepare food for us! He (the companion) said: “But the day is still upon you!” he said: “Disembark and prepare food for us!” so he disembarked and prepared food for them. The Prophet – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam then said: “If you see the night approach from here, then the fasting person has broken his fast (i.e. that is the time for him to break his fast) and he pointed with his finger towards the east

(Agreed Upon)

Hastening to break the fast

Upon the authority of Sahl Ibn Sa’d who said that the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam said: “The people will not cease to be upon good as long as they hasten to break their fast

(Agreed Upon)

It should be known that delaying the Iftaar is a characteristic of the people of the book!

Upon the authority of Abu Huraira who narratted from the Prophet – Sallallahu ‘alaihi Was Salam who said: “The Religion will not cease to be manifest as long as the people hasten to break fast, since the Jews and the Christians delay

(Collected by Abu Daawood (2353) and declared ‘Hasan’ by Shaikh Al Albaani)

What the fasting person breaks his fast with

Upon the authority of Anas ibn Maalik who said “The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam used to break his fast upon fresh soft dates before praying, and if not fresh soft dates then dry dates, and if not then he would take some mouthfuls of water

(Collected by Abu Dawood (2356) and declared ‘Saheeh’ by Shaikh Al Albaani)

When he breaks it he says..

Upon the authority of Marwaan Ibn Saalim who narrates from Ibn Umar who said the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi Was salam when he broke his fast he would say ” Dhahaba Dhama’u wab tallatil ‘Urooqu Wa Thabatal Ajru Inshallah (The thirst has gone, the veins are moist, and the reward is established inshallah)

(Collected by Abu Dawood (2357) and declared ‘Hasan’ by Shaikh Al Albaani -Rahimahullah)

If he breaks his fast with someone who provides them food

Upon the authority of Anas Ibn Maalik that the messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam went to Sa’d Ibn Ubaadah and he (Sa’d) brought him bread and oil then ate. Then the prophet – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam said: “Aftara ‘Indakum As Saa’imoon, Wa akala ta’aamakumul abraar Wa Sallat alaikumul Malaa’ikah (May fasting people break their fasts with you, may the righteous eat your food and may the Angels supplicate for you) 

The virtue of preparing food for fasting people even if it is little

Upon the authority of Zaid Ibn Khaalid Al Juhani – Radhiyallahu anhu who said: The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi wa Salam “Whoever provides food for the fasting person to break his fast he has the like of his reward, without that depleting from the reward of the fasting person in the slightest

(Collected by At Tirmidhi (807) and declared ‘ Saheeh’ by Shaikh Al Albaani)

The fasting person avoids lewdness ,cursing and argumentation

Upon the authority of Abu Hurairah – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu that the messenger – Sallallahu alaihi was salam said: If one of you sees his day fasting, then let him not utter lewdness or speak ignorantly, if someone attempts to curse or fight him he should say ‘Indeed I am fasting!’ Indeed I am fasting!”

(Agreed Upon)

Wallahu a’lam

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From the rulings of Fasting – 1

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d

The following are some basic rulings related to fasting.

The Pillars of Fasting

1. The Niyyah

From the issues related to all acts of worship, that which if it is absent then the act of worship is null and void, the Niyyah (intention)

Fasting like all other acts of worship must have the Niyyah of the worshipper to perform the action for the sake of Allah. As is the case with all other acts of worship the place of the niyaah is the heart, in no act of worship is the niyyah uttered.

Allah the most high mentions (the meaning of which):

Say: Do you inform Allah concerning your religion? While Allah knows all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, and Allah is All-aware of everything

(Suratul Hujuraat Vs 16)

The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam also said:

Whosoever does not have the intention (to fast) before fajr, then he has no fast

(Collected by Abu Dawood upon the authority of Hafsah – Radiyallahu ‘Anhaa) 7/122 and it is declared ‘Saheeh’ by shaikh Al Albaani in Saheehul Jaami’ (6538)

One should have the niyyah to fast the whole of ramadhaan and not just certain days.

2. That one avoids the Muftiraat (things that break ones fast) from the beginning of the true fajr until sunset.

Allah the most high Mentions (the meaning of which):

“..And eat and drink until the white thread (of dawn) appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night).Then complete your fast until nightfall..”

(Suratul Baqarah Vs 187)

By ‘true fajr’ I mean the beginings of the light of dawn that spreads across the horizon and not the false fajr which is light that stretches up into the sky

The Muftiraat (Things that break the fast)

There are six main things that break ones fast:

1 and 2. Eating and drinking

Except that a person does so out of forgetfulness in which case there is no expiation upon him.

The Messenger – Sallallahu ‘alaihi Was Salam Said:

Whoever forgets while he is fasting and eats or drinks then let him complete his fast for indeed it was Allah who fed him or gave him drink

(Collected by Muslim 1155)

It is permissable though to complete ones suhoor meal, even if completing it takes one past the time of fajr, on the basis of the statement of the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam:

If one of you hears the call (to prayer) and the vessel is in his hand, then he should not put it down until he has taken his need from it

(Collected by Abu Dawood and authenticated by Sh Al Albaani in ‘Saheeh Abi Dawood 2/447)

3. Intentional vomitting

Though if he is overcome by vommiting there is nothing upon him

The Messenger _ Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam said:

Whosoever is overcome by vomitting then there is no need to make the fast up, and he who makes himself vomit intentionally must make it up

(Collected by Tirmidhi 716 and declared ‘Saheeh’ By Shaikh Al Albaani in ‘Saheehul Jaami’)

4 and 5. Menses and Post-Natal bleeding

6. Sexual Relations (specifically intercourse)

The expiation of which is a heavy expiation and that is two months consecutive fasting

Upon the authority of Abu Hurairah Indeed we were sitting with the Prophet when a man came to him and said: “Oh Messenger of Allah I am destroyed! He said “What is wrong with you?” He responded: “I have had relations with my wife while fasting! So the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu alaihi was Salam said to him: “Are you able to free a slave?” He said: “No” He said: “Are you able to fast for two consecutive months?” he said: ” No” he said “Then are you able to feed sixty poor people?” he said “No” then while we were there someone came and gave a weight of dates to the messenger – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam so he said: “Where is the questioner?” So he said: “Here I am” He said take these and give them in charity” He said: “Should it be upon a family that is poorer than mine Oh Messenger of Allah? For there is not between the two areas of volcanic rock (referring to the two boundaries of Madinah) a household that is poorer than mine!” At which point the Messenger laughed until his incisors could be seen then he said: “Feed your family with it

(Agreed Upon)

In one version collected by Abu Dawood (2376 and declared ‘Saheeh’ By Shk Albaani in ‘Saheeh Abi Daawood (2096)) It mentions that the weight of dates was fifteen Saa’ and the Messenger mentioned “You and your family may consume it and fast a day and seek forgiveness from Allah

It should be known that what is commonly practiced by many, known as the fifteen minute precaution, where they consider the end of suhoor time fifteen minutes before its true end, the suhoor meal is consequently ended fifteen or so minutes before fajr, and at which point fasting ultimately begins for them, is an innovation.

Al Haafidh Ibn Hajr mentions: (after discussing the narration of ‘Amr ibn Maymoon collected by Abdur Razaaq As San’aani in his Musanaf ‘The companions of the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam were the quickest of the people to break the fast and the slowest in taking their Suhoor meal’)

From the evil innovations, is that which has been brought about in this time, from the second adhan of fajr being called some twenty minutes before fajr during ramadhaan, and putting the lanterns out as a sign that eating and drinking is not permissable for those who wish to fast. Claiming that this is for the purpose of taking precaution with this act of worship. This practice has lead them to delay calling the adhaan of maghrib by good a measure to ‘ensure the time has entered’. Thus they have delayed breaking the fast and finished the dawn meal before its time, and in doing so, have opposed the sunnah. For this reason we see little good coming from them and much evil among them. Wallahul Musta’aan

(Fathul Baari 4/199)

Wallahu a’lam

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The salaf and Fasting

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillah

Ammaa ba’d

With this the beginning of this blessed month of Ramadhaan, and this period of good and mercy, We remind of that which the salaf of this umma were upon from fasting and other acts of worship in this month, that it may be a form of encouragement for us this ramadhaan and those that are to come, if Allah blesses us with life.

Abdur Rahmaan Ibn Ahmad Ad Daaraani said:

The key to the dunya is in being full, satiated and content. While the key to the hereafter is in hunger (I.e due to fasting). The origin of good in the dunya and the hereafter is in the fear of Allah. Indeed Allah gives his dunya to those who he loves and those he does not love. Hunger (i.e. fasting and its reward) is a treasure preserved with him, that he does not give except to the one he loves specifically. For me to give up a morsel from my late meal (i.e. due to fasting) is more beloved to me than for me to eat it and stand in prayer from the beginning to the end of the night

(Collected by Abdur Razzaaq As San’aani in Al Musannaf 3/307)

Abu Dardaa said:

If it were not for three things I wish not to remain in the dunya:

1. Placing my face down in prostration to my creator across the alternation of the day and the night, preparing for the (true) life to come

2. Experiencing thirst during the hottest part of the day (due to fasting)

3. And Sitting with a people who select and choose their words (i.e. are careful with their speech) the way fruit is selected

(Collected by As Suyooti in Ad Duril Manthoor 6/648)

Ibn Mas’ood – Radhiyallahu anhu said:

Fasting is a barrier like the barriers used in war

(Collected by Abdur Razaaq As San’aani in his Musanaf 4/307)

Ubaid Ibn Umair said:

It used to be said that when winter comes Oh people of the Qur’aan, the nights are long for your prayers, and the days are short for your fasts, so capitalise!

(Collected by Ibn Abi Shaibah in his Musannaf 7/172)

Upon the authority of Hishaam Ibn Urwa ibn Zubair who said that his father used to fast consistantly except for Eid al Fitr and Eid Al Adhaa and he died while he was fasting!”

(Siyar a’laamin nubalaa 4/436)

Yahya ibn Ma’een said Ghundar (Muhammad ibn Ja’far al Hudhali 293 H) turned to me one day and said “Do you know that for the last fifty years I have fasted one day and broke my fast the next! (referring to the fast of Daawood)”

(Siyar A’laamin Nubalaa 9/101)

Wallahu A’lam

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Does the menstruating woman make wudhu before sleep?

Bismillahi wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillah

Ammaa Ba’d:

I was asked about this issue earlier today thus i share this benefit. Concerning this issue the scholars have a number of statements. Their statements revolve firstly around the fact that the Messenger Sallallahu alaihi was salam used to make Wudhu while in a state of Janaaba.

Upon the authority of Abu Salamah who said: “I asked Aaisha -Radhiyallahu anhaa Did the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi was Salam sleep while Junub? She said: “Yes! and he would make Wudhu

(Collected by Bukhaari (282))

Upon the authority of Aaisha – Radhiyallahu anhaa “The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam when he was in a state of ritual impurity, and he intended to eat or sleep then he would make wudhu like his wudhu for salaah

(Collected by Muslim (305))

As far as this wudhu is concerned, the scholars hold that it is done for the purpose of ‘Lightening’ the Janaaba (state of ritual impurity) of the person who is Junub

After mentioning some of the ahaadeeth that indicate the issue, Al Haafidh Ibn Rajab mentions in his ‘Fathul Baari’ (not that of Al Haafidh Ibn Hajr) (1/358):

The ahaadeeth mentioned in the chapter, indicate that the wudhu of the person who is junub (in a state of ritual impurity) ‘lightens’ his state of janabah

That is there is nothing that prevents him from being completely pure, except him making ghusl, and what is correct is that the woman is the same as the man in that regard.

With that being the case, the question that arises is, is the menstruating woman the same as the man or woman in a state of Janaabah?

What is correct is that she isn’t, due to the fact that she has a continual flow of blood that she would not become pure from even if she made ghusl.

Thus her having a ghusl would not put her in a state of tahaarah, while the man or woman in a state of janaabah IS purified with Ghusl and similarly, if they make wudhu their state is lightened.

With the exception of one woman, and that is the woman whos’ menses has ended but she has not yet made ghusl to purify herself, this woman is benefitted by wudhu if she intends to sleep in that state.

Al Haafidh ibn Hajr mentions the statement of Ibn Daqeeq al eid -Rahimahullah who said

Ash Shaafi’ee has stated that this is not for the menstruating woman (i.e. to make wudhu before sleep), because if she were to make ghusl it would not remove her state of impurity, while that is not the case with one who is junub, but if her flow of blood ceases, then that is permissable for her

(Fathul Baari 1/395)

Imaamun Nawwawi has a similar statement in his explanation of Muslim he states (3/218):

Our companions (i.e. the scholars of the Shaafi’ee madhab) are united upon the fact that it is not desirable for the woman in a state of menses or post-natal bleeding to make wudhu (i.e. before sleep) because wudhu will have no effect upon her state of impurity, but if her menses ends then she becomes like the one who is Junub.

Wallahu a’lam

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Love for the poor is from Imaan!

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

Someone had requested from me to mention the hadeeth containing this du’aa of the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu ‘alaihi Was Salam, so I mention the text here for general benefit, since the hadeeth itself is tremendous!.

Upon the authority of Ibn Abbaas – Radhiyallahu Anhu who said: the messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi was salam said:

My lord came to me tonight (while asleep) in the most beautiful form! And said:

Do you know what those in the highest gathering are arguing about? So I said: “No” so he placed his hand between my shoulders until I felt the coolness of his hand (and in a version ‘His fingertips’) between my breast then I was acquainted with knowledge of that which is in the heavens and that which is on the earth. So He said: “Oh Muhammad! (Now) do you know what the highest gathering are arguing about? So I said:

“Yes! (They are arguing) concerning that which expiates sins and that which raises one in level!

(As for) the expiations (then they are):

(1) “to remain in the masjid after the prayers,

(2) To walk, by foot to the congregational prayers and,

(3) Perfecting ones wudhu in difficult conditions (i.e. cold etc.)

So he said: You have spoken the truth Oh Muhammad! And whosoever does so, lives upon good and dies upon good, and is purified from his sin like the day his mother gave birth to him!.

And he said: “Oh Muhammad! When you pray you should say:

اللهم إني أسألك فعل الخيرات و ترك المنكرات و حب المساكين و أن تغفر لي و ترحمني و تتوب علي و إذا أردت بعبادك فتنة فاقبضني إليك غير مفتون

“Oh Allah! I ask you (to bestow upon me) the performance of good deeds, and (to bestow upon me) the abandonment of evil acts, (to instil within me) love for the poor, and that you forgive me and have mercy upon me and accept my repentance, and if you intend to put your servants under an affliction, then take me to you without putting me under trail!

(Allahumma Innee as’aluka Fi’lal Khairaat, Wa tarkal Munkaraat, wa Hubal Masaakeen, wa an taghfiralee, wa tarhamanee, wa tatooba alaiyya, wa idhaa aradta bi ‘ibaadika fitnah, faqbidnee ilaika ghaira maftoon)

And as for that which raises one in levels (then it is):

(1) To spread salaam

(2) To make food (for the people)

(3) And to pray by night when the people are asleep”

(Collected by Imaam Ahmad in his ‘Musnad’and by ‘Abd ibn Humaid’ and declared ‘Saheeh’ by shaikh Al Albaani in Saheehul Jaami’ 59 and ‘As Saheehah 3169)

In this hadeeth we have that which is established by the ulamaa of Ahlus Sunnah concerning the affirmation of the Messenger seeing Allah in his sleep and that this is something established as Shaikhul Islaam has mentioned in various places in his writings. He also mentions that this is accepted by all sects excluding the Jahmiyah.

Ibn Abdil Barr Mentions in ‘At Tamheed 24/325: His statement in this hadeeth: “..I saw my lord..” the meaning of this with the people of knowledge is in a dream wallahu a’lam

Al Haafidh Ibn Rajab explained this hadeeth in possibly the lengthiest explanation of the hadeeth of any of the past scholars, and he mentioned numerous benefits related to it from them:

  • That everything the messenger has described his lord with is the truth and it is compulsory to believe in it without likening Allah to his creation
  • In it is an evidence of the nobility of the prophet -Sallallahu alaihi wa salam and one of his virtues and that is him being taught the knowledge of that which is in the heavens and earth (except of course the five things that only Allah knows. Allah mentions: “And with him are the keys of the unseen, none knows them except He. He knows whatever is in (or on) the earth and in the sea: not a leaf falls, but he knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry but it is written in a clear record” Suratul An’aam Vs 59) just as Ibraaheem was shown the dominion of the heavens and the earth (as occurs in suratul An’aam “Thus did we show Ibraaheem the kingdom of the heavens and the earth that he may be of those who have faith with certainty” Suratul An’aam Vs 75)
  • In it is evidence that the highest gathering, and they are the angels’, debate among themselves
  • It also indicates the virtue of the six affairs mentioned in the hadeeth since the gathering of Allahs angels have debated among themselves concerning them!
  • The ‘difficult conditions’ mentioned in the hadeeth has been explained to mean extreme cold
  • That walking to the masjid is better than taking transport
  • The majority of the scholars hold that the things mentioned in the hadeeth expiate minor sins and not major sins
  • That the intent behind ‘remaining in the masjid after the prayers’, is for the purpose of waiting for the next prayer, though he mentions that the hadeeth includes those who remain behind for the purpose of remembering Allah, to read, to listen to knowledge or to teach knowledge

That to have love for the poor has its basis in loving for the sake of Allah, because the poor do not possess from the dunyah that which would necessitate loving them (that is as it relates to most people) so they are (ordinarily) not loved except for the sake of Allah

Wallahu A’lam

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Advice to Abu Dharr – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi
Ammaa Ba’d

After delivering the Friday sermon this last week (1/6/2012) and the previous week (25/5/2012) in the discussion of the beautiful and lengthy hadeeth of Abi Dharr Al Ghifaari Radhiyallahu Anhu who was advised by the messenger – Sallallahu Alaihi wa salam after asking him numerous questions, some of my beloved brothers (May Allah reward them) requested that I send the hadeeth out for benefit.

As I mentioned in the sermon, some parts of the hadeeth are saheeh, some parts hasan and some Da’eef (weak). For benefit I will mention firstly the authentic (whether saheeh or hasan) parts of the hadeeth as one text so that the reader benefits from the flow of the text, then I will follow that up by mentioning which parts are Saheeh and hasan and I will also add the da’eef sections of the hadeeth (in red) as they occur in the original text, that the reader may be aquainted with it, quoting in that regard, the rulings of Shaikh Al Albaani upon it.

Thus here is the text of the Hadeeth and I ask Allah that he benefits my brothers and sisters with it.

Upon the authority of Abi Dharr – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu – who said: “I entered the masjid (on an occassion) and found The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam sitting alone. He said (to me): “Oh Abaa Dharr! Indeed the masjid has a greeting and its greeting is to pray two rak’ah so stand and pray them.”

He (Abu Dharr) said: “So I stood and I performed them”

Then I returned and sat with him and said: “Oh Messenger of Allah!, Indeed you have commanded me with Salaah, so what is Salaah?

He said: “The best (act of worship) sent down! So perform much of it or little! (meaning the choice is yours but the more of its ‘legislated’ forms you perform the better)

He said (Abu Dharr): “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Which action is best?

He said: “To have belief in Allah and to make Jihaad in his way

He said: ” I said “Oh Messenger of Allah! Which of the believers is most complete in Faith?

He said: “The one that has the best character

So I said: ” Which of the believers has the best Islam

he said:”The one who the people are safe from his tongue and his hand

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah which Salaah is best?

He said “The one that has the longest standing (I.e for recitation)

So I said Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which migration is best?

He said:”The one that migrates from evil deeds

He said:” I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah then what is fasting?

He said: “A compulsory action that one is rewarded for, and with Allah the reward is many times multiplied

He said: “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which Jihad is best?

He said: “The one in which ones riding beast is injured and his (i.e. the warriors) blood is spilt

He said: “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which charity is best?

He said: “The (Charitable) effort of the one who has little, given secretly to the poor

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! then what is the greatest of that which Allah has sent down to you?

He said: “Aayatul Kursi

I said: ” Oh Messenger of Allah! How many were the messengers?

He said: “Three hundred and thirteen, a large amount

He said: I said: ” Oh Messenger of Allah! who was the first of them?

He said: ” Aadam – Alahis salaam

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! was he a prophet that was sent?

He said: “Yes! Allah created him with his hand, then blew his spirit into him, and spoke to him directly!

The intelligent person, as long as his mind has not been overcome (i.e. by mental illness) should have (a number of) periods. A period wherein he calls upon his lord, a period wherein he takes account of himself, a period wherein he reflects upon the creation of Allah and a period that he spends seeking his needs from food and drink.

Likewise the intelligent person should avoid travel except for three reasons, (to gain) provisions for the hereafter, seeking his livelihood or taking enjoyment in that which is not prohibited.

it is like wise upon the intelligent person to have insight into his era, to proceed towards his affair (i.e. to head diligently towards the affairs that benefit him) and to guard his tongue. And whosoever evaluates his speech in comparison to his actions, will speak little except in that which concerns him.

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! What were the scrolls of Musaa?

He said: “They were all lessons (and admonitions).

I am amazed at the one who is certain of death then he is happy. And I am amazed at the who is certain of the (presence) of the fire then he laughs, and I am amazed at the one who is certain of pre-decree (concerning that which has been allotted to him) then he wears himself out. And I am amazed at the one who sees this world, and how affairs change for its people then he is tranquil within it. And I am amazed at the one who has certainty that the reckoning is tomorrow yet he doesnt act

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! advise me!

He said: “I advise you with the fear of Allah, for indeed it is the pinnacle of all affairs.

I said: “Oh messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Cling to reciting the Qur’aan and the remembrance of Allah, for indeed it is light for you in the life of this world and it is preserved for you in the heavens

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Be aware of laughing excessively, for indeed it kills the heart and removes light from the face

I said: “Oh messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Make jihad, since it is the monasticism of my Ummah” (meaning that when monasticism revolves around abstention from the world and selflessness there is no greater form of this than that a person participates in battle)

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase Me!

He said: “Love the poor and sit with them

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Look to those who are lesser than you (i.e. are less well to do) and dont look to those who are above you (i.e. have more than you) as it is better in preventing one from looking down with disdain at Allahs blessings upon you

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Speak the truth even if it is bitter!”

This then is the end of that which is authentic from the hadeeth.

Truly as Imaam Manaawi mentions concerning the hadeeth:

What an amazing bequest! How beneficial, comprehensive and wonderful! Glad tidings to the one who is granted success in accepting it and acting upon it!”

(At Tayseer 1/786)

That which follows is some detail from ‘Dha’eef mawaarid Adham’aan’ – (p11-17) of Shaikh Al Albaani concerning which parts of the hadeeth are Saheeh, Hasan and Dha’eef and I have highlighted the weak portions in red

Upon the authority of Abi Dharr – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu – who said: “I entered the masjid (on an occassion) and found The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam sitting alone. He said (to me): “Oh Abaa Dharr! Indeed the masjid has a greeting and its greeting is to pray two rak’ah so stand and pray them.”

(Hasan Li Ghairihi except the command (ie to stand and pray) for it is saheeh)

He (Abu Dharr) said: “So I stood and I performed them”

(Hasan Li Ghairihi)

Then I returned and sat with him and said: “Oh Messenger of Allah!, Indeed you have commanded me with Salaah, so what is Salaah?

He said: “The best (act of worship) sent down! So perform much of it or little! (meaning the choice is yours but the more of its ‘legislated’ forms you perform the better)

(Hasanun Li Ghairihi – At Ta’leeq ur Ragheeb 1/145)

He said (Abu Dharr): “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Which action is best?

He said: “To have belief in Allah and to make Jihaad in his way

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi – As Saheehah (1390))

He said: ” I said “Oh Messenger of Allah! Which of the believers is most complete in Faith?

He said: “The one that has the best character

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi – As Saheehah (284))

So I said: ” Which of the believers has the best Islam

He said:”The one who the people are safe from his tongue and his hand

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah which Salaah is best?

He said “The one that has the longest standing (I.e for recitation)”

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi – Al Irwaa (458))

So I said Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which migration is best?

He said:”The one that migrates from evil deeds

(Saheeh Li ghairihi – As Saheehah (549 and 553))

He said:” I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah then what is fasting?

He said: “A compulsory action that one is rewarded for, and with Allah the reward is many times multiplied

He said: “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which Jihad is best?

He said: “The one in which ones riding beast is injured and his (the warriors) blood is spilt

(Saheeh li ghairihi – As Saheehah (552) and Saheeh Abi Daawood (1303))

He said: “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which charity is best?

He said: “The (Charitable) effort of the one who has little, given secretly to the poor

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi except the sentence about giving in secret Al Irwaa – 3/317 and 415)

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! then what is the greatest of that which Allah has sent down to you?

He said: “Aayatul Kursi

(Saheeh Li ghairihi – Saheeh Abi Dawood (1311)

then he said: “Oh Abaa Dharr! the seven heavens in comparison to the Kursi is not except like a ring thrown in vast open land (i.e a desert). And the virtue of the throne over the Kursi is like the superiority of that land over that ring!”

I said:” Oh Messenger of Allah! How many were the prophets?

He said: “One hundred and twenty thousand

(Da’eef Jiddan (Very weak))

I said: ” Oh Messenger of Allah! How many were the messengers from that?

He said: “three hundred and thirteen, a large amount

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi)

He said: I said: ” Oh Messenger of Allah! who was the first of them?

He said: “Aadam – Alahis salaam

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! was he a prophet that was sent?

He said: “Yes! Allah created him with his hand, then blew his spirit into him, and spoke to him directly!

Saheeh Li Ghairihi – As Saheehah (2668))

then He said (to me): “Oh Abaa Dharr! four of them were Syriacs, Aadam, Seth (Aadam’s Son), Enoch, and he is Idrees and was the first to scribe with a pen – and Noah. And four were Arabs, Hood, Shu’ayb, Saalih and your prophet Muhammad – Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Salam

So I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! How many books did Allah send down?

He said: “One hundred and four books: Fifty scrolls were revealed to Seth, thirty scrolls were revealed to Enoch, ten scrolls were revealed to Ibraaheem and ten scrolls were revealed to Moosaa before the revelation of the Tawraah, and the Tawraah, the Injeel, The Zaboor (the Psalms) and the Furqaan (The Qur’aan) were revealed”

I said : “Oh Messenger of Allah! “What were the scrolls of Ibraaheem? He said: “They were all Parables. Oh you insolent, wretched, self-conceited King! Indeed I did not send you to collect the dunya together, rather I sent you to respond to the supplication of the oppressed on my behalf, for indeed I do not reject it, even if it comes from a Kaafir

(Dha’eef Jiddan – Very weak, though the last sentance does have an origin see ‘As Saheehah (870))

It is upon the intelligent person, as long as his mind has not been overcome (ie by mental illness) to have periods. A period wherein he calls upon his lord, a period wherein he takes account of himself, a period wherein he reflects upon the creation of Allah and a period that he spends seeking his needs from food and drink.

It is likewise upon the intelligent person to avoid travel except for three reasons, (to gain) provisions for the hereafter, seeking his livelihood or taking enjoyment in that which is not prohibited.

It is likewise upon the intelligent person to have insight into his era, to proceed towards his affair (ie to head diligently towards the affairs that benefit him) and to guard his tongue. And whosoever evaluates his speech in comparison to his actions, will speak little except in that which concerns him.

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! What were the scrolls of Musaa?

He said: “They were all lessons (and admonitions). I am amazed at the one who is certain of death then he is happy. And I am amazed at the who is certain of the (presence) of the fire then he laughs and I am amazed at the one who is certain of pre-decree (i.e. in relation to that which is alloted to him) then he wears himself out. And I am amazed at the one who sees this world and how affairs change for its people then he is tranquil within it. And I am amazed at the one who has certainty that the reckoning is tomorrow yet he doesnt act”

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi)

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! advise me!

He said: “I advise you with the fear of Allah, for indeed it is the pinnacle of all affairs.

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me! He said: “Cling to reciting the Qur’aan and the rememberance of Allah, for indeed it is light for you in the life of this world and it is preserved for you in the heavens

(Saheeh – ‘As Saheehah’ – (555))

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Be aware of laughing excessively, for indeed it kills the heart and removes light from the face

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi except the sentence about light – Saheehah (930))

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Remain silent except with that which is good,for indeed it repels the shaytaan from you and it is an aid for you upon the affairs of your deen

(Dha’eef Jiddan – Very weak see previous reference)

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Make jihad since it is the monasticism of my Ummah” (meaning that when monasticism revolves around abstention and selflessness there is no greater form of this than that a person participates in battle)

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi ‘As Saheehah – (555))

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase Me!

He said: “Love the poor and sit with them

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Look to those who are lesser than you (i.e. are less well to do) and dont look to those who are above you (ie have more than you) as it is better in preventing one from looking down with disdain at Allahs blessings upon you

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi – ‘Ar Rawdh’ – (604))

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Speak the truth even if it is bitter!”

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “let that which you know about yourself divert you from speaking about the people, and do not be angered by that which comes from them. It is sufficient deficiency for you, that you see and observe from them what you do not acknowledge about yourself (meaning that usually those who critisise usually possess the same traits as the ones he speaks about), and that you become angered by that which comes from them (ie towards you)

Then he struck my chest with his hand and said:

“Oh Abaa Dharr! There is no intellect like planning and considering the outcome of affairs, there is no piety like abstaining (i.e. from that which doesnt concern you, from harming people, from haraam etc) and there is no nobility like good character”

(I (Shaikh Al Albaani) say: In its chain is Ibraaheem ibn Hishaam ibn Yahyah Al Ghasaani. Abu Haatim and others said about him: “Kathaab (liar)”

(Dha’eef Jiddan – Very weak see ‘Ad Dha’eefah – 1910, 5638 and 6090 though some of its parts are authentic and established in other ahaadeeth..”
Wallahu ta’aalaa a’lam
Wa Sallallahu ‘alaa Nabiyinaa Muhammad
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Upon returning from the Haramain

Al Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

After our return from our uplifting Five Pillars Umra trip, a journey to the Haramain that has to be one of the most heart affecting five pillars journeys thus far, in terms of the Dawrah ‘Ilmiyah, participation of the Mashaikh of Madinah, the coming together of Ahlus sunnah of various places, the brotherly love felt by all and the general Success of the trip. I mention here some ahaadeeth related to Makka, Madina and that which is present within them. That it may be a reminder for those who know of them and that it may connect the actions of all participants to a virtue or reward related to their righteous action. May Allah accept from us and grant success to all.

The Delegation of Allah!

Upon the authority of Jaabir ibn Abdillah – Radhiyallahu anhumaa – who said that the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alahi wa Salam said: “The Hujaaj (individuals performing Hajj) and the Umaar (individuals performing Umra) and the delegation of Allah! He called them and they responded and they asked of him so he gave to them”

(Collected by Bazaar and declared ‘Hasan’ by Shaikh Al Albaani in Saheeh Al Jaami (3173)

The Virtue of Makka

Upon the authority of Abdullah ibn Uday Az Zuhri – Radhiyallahu Anhu – who said I saw the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu ‘Alahi Was Sallam – standing in Hazwarah (A place in Makkah) and he said: “Wallahi Indeed you (Makkah) are the best of the lands of Allah and the most beloved land to Allah, and if it were not for the fact that i was expelled from you i would not have left”

(Collected by At Tirmidhi (3925))

The Virtue of Madina

Upon the authority of Ibn Umar – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu – “Whosoever is able to die in Madina then let him die in it, for indeed i will intercede (in a version “..bear witness) for the one who dies in it”

(Collected by At Tirmidhi (3917) and declared ‘Saheeh’ by Shaikh Al Albaani)

Salaah in Masjid Qubaa

Upon the authority of Aamir ibn Sa’d and Aaisha Bint both said: we heard sa’d (their father) Ibn Abi Waqaas say: “For me to pray two rak’ah in Masjid Qubaa is more beloved to me then to pray in Baitul Maqdis!”

(Collected by Haakim in his Mustadrak (4280) and shaikh Al Albaani agreed with Imaam Haakim and Ad Dhahabi that it is upon the conditions of Bukhaari and muslim. see Ath Thamar Al Mustataab (1/573)

The virtue of travelling for Hajj

Upon the authority of Ibn Umar – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhumaa – who said: “The camel of the one performing Hajj doesn’t lift his leg or place it (on the ground) except that Allah writes for him a reward and removes from him a sin or raises him a level”

(Collected by Baihaqi in ‘Shu’abul Imaan’ (4116) and declared ‘Hasan’ in Saheeh Al Jaami’ (5596))

The virtue of the Talbiyah

Upon the authority of Abu Hurairah – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu – who said that the messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi was salam: “No one raises his voice with talbiyah except that he is given the glad tidings, and no one makes takbeer (I.e while carrying out the rites) except that he is given the glad tidings!” it was said “Oh messenger of Allah? (the glad tidings) of Jannah? he said ‘Nam (Yes)”

(Collected by Tabaraani in Mu’jam Al Awsat (7779) and declared ‘Hasan’ by shaikh Al Albaani in As Saheehah (1621))

The virtue of Tawaaf

Upon the authority of Abdullah ibn Umar – Radhiyallahu ‘anhu – who said i heard the messenger of Alah – Sallallahu ‘alahi was salam who said: “Whoever makes tawaaf around the house (i.e The Ka’bah) and prays two rak’ah then he will have like unto the reward of freeing a slave”

(Collected by Ibn Maajah (2956) and declared ‘Saheeh’ by Shaikh Al Albaani)

The virtue of the Black Stone

Upon the authority of Abdullah ibn Amr – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu – who said “If it were not for the filth of the period of Jaahiliyah, there would be no one who is ill who would touch it except that he would be cured, and there is nothing on earth from Jannah other than it”

(Collected by Al Baihaqi in ‘Sunanul Kubraa’ (9012) and declared ‘Saheeh by shaikh Al Albaani in ‘Saheeh Al Jaami’ (5334))

The Yemeni corner and the Corner of the Black stone

Upon the authority of Abdullah ibn Amr – Radhiyallahu ‘anhumaa – the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi was Sallam “Indeed the corner and the maqaam are two rubies from the rubies of Jannah Allah has removed their light if it were not for the fact that Allah has removed their light they would illuminate that which is between the east and the west”

(Collected by At Tirmidhi (878) and declared ‘Saheeh’ by Sh Al Albaani)

Salaah in Masjid Qubaa

Upon the authority of Aamir ibn Sa’d and Aaisha Bint both said: we heard sa’d (their father) Ibn Abi Waqaas say: “For me to pray two rak’ah in Masjid Qubaa is more beloved to me then to pray in Baitul Maqdis!”

(Collected by Haakim in his Mustadrak (4280) and shaikh Al Albaani agreed with Imaam Haakim and Ad Dhahabi that it is upon the conditions of Bukhaari and muslim. see Ath Thamar Al Mustataab (1/573)

The virtue of seeking Knowledge in Madina

Upon the authority of Abu Hurairah – Radiyallahu anhu – who said i heard the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi was salam say: “Whoever comes to this Masjid of mine and he did not come except to learn or to teach something of good then he has the station of a mujaahid in the way of Allah..”

(Collected by Ibn Maajah (227) and declared ‘Saheeh’ By Shaikh Al Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah)

Hajj and Umra will continue even after the coming of Gog and Magog!

Upon the authority of Abu Sa’eed Al Khudri – Radhiyallahu Anhu – who said: “Indeed Hajj and Umra will be made to the house (I.e. The ka’bah) after Gog and Magog appear!”

(Collected by Bukhaari (1516))

May Allah bless us to continue to re-visit the holy lands and establish these noble acts of worship and continue to recieve the surrounding benefits until we meet him

Was sallallahu ‘alaa Nabiyinaa Muhammad

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Ahaadeeth that are popular, Widespread and Weak (Part 2)

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

In continuing with this series:

From the un-established ahaadeeth:

11. When he (The Messenger – Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa salam) came to Madina, the Women and children began to sing:

‘Tala’al Badru ‘Alainaa’ (The full moon has risen upon us)

‘Min Thaneeyaatil Wadaa’ (From Thaneeyatil Wadaa'(one of the entrances into Madina))

‘Wajabash Shukru ‘Alainaa’ (Giving thanks is mandatory upon us)

‘Maa Da’aa Lillahi Daa’ (As long as there is a caller calling to Allah)

Ruling: Weak (Collected by Abul Hasan al khala’ee in Al Fawaa’id 2/59 and Baihaqi in ‘Dalaa’il 2/233 there are three missing narrators from its chain so it is considered ‘Mu’dhal’)

Ibnil Qayyim rejects this claim with his statement:

It is clear conjecture, because thaneeyatul Wadaa’ is in the direction of shaam (Syria, Jordon region) hence the one who comes from Makkah to Madinah, doesnt even see it! except if he heads towards Shaam

(Zaadul Ma’aad 3/13)

Imaam Ghazaali mentions the story with the addition ‘..while playing the Duff and singing

Imaam Al ‘Iraaqi mentions rebutting this: “There is no mention of The Duff and singing in it!

12. ” Whosoever has three boys and does not name one of them Muhammad, then he has acted ignorantly

Ruling: Fabricated.

The Hadeeth is collected by Imaam Tabaraani in ‘Mu’jamul Kabeer 108-109 and in its chain is Laith ibn Abi Sulaim who is a weak narrator

This may explain a customary practice in many muslim countries of adding ‘Muhammad’ to the name of every child (i.e. Muhammad Illyas, Muhammad Yusuf, Muhammad Shafeeq etc)

Wallahu A’lam

13. “If the Khateeb ascends the Minbar (i.e. on Jumu’ah) then there is no prayer or speech

Ruling: Baatil (false)

Since the hadeeth opposes that which is known to be authentic from that:

1. The hadeeth: “If one of you comes on the day of Jumu’ah and the Imaam has come out (i.e to address the congregation) then make two rak’ahs” (Collected by Bukhaari and Muslim)

2. The Hadeeth of Sulaik Al Ghatafaani who came to the masjid while the messenger was giving the sermon so he said to him “Oh Sulaik stand and perform two Rak’ahs and let him perform two light rak’ahs then he said “If one of you comes on the day of Jumu’ah and the Imaam is giving the sermon, then let him make two rak’ah and let him perform two light rak’ahs” (Collected by Muslim 3/14-15)

3. The hadeeth “If you say to your companion on the day of Jumu’ah ‘be quiet’ while the Imaam is giving the sermon then you have made a sinful utterance” (Agreed upon)

these two hadeeth indicate:

1. The permissibility of praying after the Imaam has come out to address the congregation

2. the permissibility of praying while the Imaam is giving the sermon

3. The permissiblity of speaking after the Imaam has come out to address the congregation, and even while he is upon the minbar, as long as he hasnt began to speak

14: “Aisha had a miscarriage for the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam – and she named it Abdullah, due to this she was given the kunya Umm Abdullah

Ruling: Baatil (False)

Collected by Al Khateeb in ‘Al Muwadih’ 1/321)

In it is Dawood ibn Muhabbar Imaamudh Dhahabee mentions concerning him in Dewaanudh Dhu’afaa (1/127) “He fabricates hadeeth upon trustworthy narrators”

It also opposes what is established concerning this and that is that Aisha said to the messenger – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam –

Oh Messenger of Allah Indeed all of your wives have Kunya’s except me!” So the Messenger said to her “Take a kunya from your son Abdullah (i.e Abdullah ibn Zubair, the son of her sister Asmaa), you are Umm Abdullah!”

(Collected by Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad 6/151 and declared ‘Saheeh by Shaikh Al Albaani in ‘Saheehah’ 1/256)

The Hadeeth establishes the permissibility of taking a kunya without having a child

15. Consult with them, then oppose them! (i.e. Women)

Ruling: No origin (attributed to the messenger – Sallallahu Alaihi was Salam)

The Statement does have origin attributed to Umar though in a narration collected by Ali ibn il Ja’d al Jauwhari (1/177/12) with a weak chain of narration that has two defects in it, 1.The unknown state of Hafs ibn Uthmaan Ibn Ubaidillah and 2. The presence of a weak narrator Yahyah ibnil Mutawakil Al Umari.

(See ‘Ad Dha’eefah’ of Shaikh Al Albaani (430))

Additionally its meaning is not correct since Allah has stated in the Qur’aan concerning parents weaning their child onto food prior to the end of two recommended years of suckling:

“..If they both decide on weaning, on mutual consent and after due consultation, then there is no sin upon them..”

(Saratul Baqarah Vs 233)

Likewise the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam consulted with his wife Umm Salamah in the incident of the pact of Hudaibiyah, when the Messenger and his companions were not able to complete their Umra, and they had to shave their heads early, so the messenger sought her advice concerning what to do, so she advised him Oh Messenger of Allah, you shave first and they will follow you. So the Messenger of Allah took her correct advice and did not oppose her.

Wa Billahit Tawfeeq

Abu Hakeem

www.twitter.com/abuhakeembilal

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