Category Archives: Science of Hadeeth

Doubts around the Da’wah (Part 2)

Doubts around the Da’wah Part 2

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salātu Was Salāmu ‘alā Rasoolillahi

Ammā Ba’d:


Ahlus Sunnah in the west face a resurfacing trial, one that isn’t new to them.

The trial of a people who are displeased with the true methodology of ahlil hadīth.

A people who are upset with the fact Ahlus Sunnah are distinguished from other than them, and wish to turn Salafiyah into a melting pot that accepts everyone and excludes no one, except its true proponents.

A people who accuse the people of Sunnah and hadīth of being harsh and extreme, due to their correct implementation of the methodology of Ahlul hadīth.

A people who attempt to paint Ahlus Sunnah as a people who do not believe in softness, gentleness and clemency and its application, as though they are not very familiar with those texts.

A people who call to Tamyī’ (watering the true methodology down) and attempt to make that fair seeming.

A people who throw out a ‘lifeline’ to those who seeks to destroy true Salafiyah with false misconstrued principles.

A people who have no concern except to attack the people of Sunnah and hadīth, and defend their methodology, while the true people of innovation are safe from their tongues, their writings and their videos.

A people who spread confusion and misguidance in the name of ‘justice’.

A people who are guilty of doing with Ahlus Sunnah, what they accuse Ahlus Sunnah of.

A people who accuse the callers to the Sunnah of being ignorant, while they are the true paupers in knowledge and are a people unknown.

A people who bring joy to the hearts of the people of misguidance for their ignorant defence of them, when they attempt to weaken the solid framework of Ahlul hadĪth.

Who accuse the defenders of the methodology of the companions and their successors of extremism, oppression and injustice, either by way of them using innovated principles or misusing established ones, but despite their (daily) efforts and striving, Ahlus Sunnah are not affected.

The Prophet -صلى الله علي سلم – said (as occurs in the hadeeth of Mugheerah Ibn Shu’bah:

There will never cease to be a group from my Ummah manifest upon the truth, not being harmed by those who oppose them, nor those who forsake them until the affair of Allah comes and they are upon that

(Bukhāri: 7311 Muslim: 156)

Neither are their attempts new to Ahlus Sunnah, they (Ahlus Sunnah) are very familiar with them!

He also said (as occurs in the hadeeth of Ibrāheem Ibn Abdur Rahmān Al ‘Udhri):

This knowledge is carried in every generation by the trustworthy ones, they repel from it the distortions of those who go beyond bounds, the fabrications of those who fabricate, and the false interpretations of the ignorant’”

(Baihaqi: (10/209 hadeeth no#: 20700)

But as some of the Salaf used to say:

The ignoramus is his own enemy, how then will he be anyones friend?

Shaikhul Islām Ibn Taimiyah narrates the statement of  Imām Mālik who said:

When knowledge is meagre, disaffection and aversion becomes manifest, and when narrations (of the Salaf) are meagre, desires become plentiful

(Al Fatāwā 17/308)

Abu bakr Al khawārizmi (d. 383H) said:

Allah has refused to let anyone fall into a ditch except he who has dug it, for indeed the evil plot does not encompass except he who devises it!”

(Yateemiyatud Dahr: 4/226)

Thus he who is unhappy with the methodology of the Salaf, and speaks against it, and against those who defend and implement it, does nothing but harm himself, the methodology is Allah’s methodology, for it is his deen, and the one who seeks to please the people by speaking against it, earns the anger and wrath of Allah, regardless of the good he thinks he is doing.

The Prophet -صلى الله علي سلم – said (as occurs in the hadeeth of Aisha – رضي الله عنها )

Whoever seeks to please Allah, by way of that which displeases the people, Allah will be pleased with him and will make the people pleased with him. And whosoever seeks to please the people through the displeasure of Allah, Allah will be displeased with him, and will make the people displeased with him”

(Collected by Ibn Hibbān 1/510 and declared ‘Sahīh’ by Shaikh Albāni Sahih Targhīb 2/547)

Unfortunately, those who claim islāh (rectification) with their speech, do nothing but cause ifsād (corruption) through their ignorance (if we even accept they are being sincere)

The members of the Fatwā Committee of Saudi Arabia mention in refutation of Muraad Shukri who fell into negligence in Takfeer and followed the path of the murji’ah:

It is upon the one whose feet are not firm upon knowledge; to refrain from entering into these affairs, so there does not come from him harm and corruption in aqĪdah far greater than the rectification they were hoping to achieve…”

(Fatāwā Al lejnatid Dā’imah: Fatwa no# 20212 – 2/135)

This individual (who I know personally and who came to my home in Madinah) thought he was doing well ‘defending the balanced position‘ but fell into negligence and had a group of individuals defending this ‘balanced’ position of his, in various countries! Therefore when individuals speak ‘In defense’ of the deen, we must attempt to perceive the goal and intent. What is the goal? What will the outcome of this speech be? What do they intend by their statements ultimately?

Imām Al Barbahāri mentioned:

look!, May Allah show you mercy, to the speech of anyone you hear speaking in your time specifically and don’t be hasty, and don’t enter into anything from it until you ask, is it some thing the companions of the messenger used to say? Or any of the Ulamā? So if you find a narration then do not go past it for anything, and don’t choose anything over it and thus fall into the fire!”

(Sharhus Sunnah p23 – Point 5)

Pay attention to the statement of the Imām “..the speech of anyone you hear speaking in your time specificallyThis is a clear indication that this manhaj was not restricted  to the period of the Salaf as some would have us believe, rather for every time!

Imām Ahmad mentions in describing the people of innovation:

“..They utter ambiguous statements, and they begile the ignorant people by way of the ambiguity they present to them, so we seek refuge from the fitan of the people of misguidance!”

Concerning this tremendous statement Shaikhul Islām mentions in Minhājus Sunnah:

“The intent here is that they corrupt the textual evidences through that which they attribute to them from Qarmatah (definition will follow below) and distorting words from their places, just as they have corrupted intellectual evidences, and reversed the nature of perceived affairs from their reality, and by changing the Fitra that Allah has created things upon. Therefore they use general ambiguous speech, because that is better for purposes of delusion and misrepresentation”

(Minhājus Sunnah: 1/187)

Shaikh Abdur Rahmān Ibn Nāsir As S’adi said: ” Al Qarmatah (is a term used) in regard to textual evidence and safsatah (is a term used) in regard to intellectual evidence. they both come together in that they(these two terms) refer to rejection of what is not to be rejected, rejection of basic things, things known by necessity…(he goes on to mention)..Because evidence is of two types: Textual and Intellectual, thus textual evidence, if it is authentic and its indications are clear, then whosoever distorts its clear indications then (it is said) he has Qarmatah (fell into rejection of what is crystal clear) an attribution to the (deviant) Qarāmitah Bātiniyah (sect) those who explain text that are known by necessity to everyone with distortion, the like of which is recognized by the Aalim and the ignorant..”

(Al Ajwibatun Nāfi’ah 291-294)

Doubt 1: ‘We do not accept the warnings of the scholars except with proof, because ‘We are people of evidence’

We start with this doubt, because this claim, though it appears fair seeming, the real intent behind it is an evil one. It seeks is to destroy the status of the people of knowledge, their statements and their guidance. This doubt has been used throughout time to cunningly belittle the people of knowledge in the mind of the unsuspecting innocent layperson, and to replace the people of knowledge with these individuals, who present themselves as people skilled in the knowledge of understanding strong or weak evidences. Thus reliance falls upon them.

By way of this statement of theirs, the statements of the people of knowledge have little worth, rather true worth is in the hands of this individual who will dictate who and what is to be taken from and who and what is to be rejected. This is particularly when it come to the affair of their statements against the people of deviation. As though the people of knowledge do not speak from a standpoint of taqwa and fear of Allah, but desire. As if the people of knowledge are fickle individuals who speak against people upon a whim. The Salaf of this Ummah would truly value the statements of the people of knowledge. Not so these unknowns.

Then they will use, in order to slight the statements of the Ulamā, statements of the Imaams that where mentioned in relation to affairs of rulings of the shariah, connected  to actions, dealings and ijtihād.

Such as the statement of Abu Hanīfah:

It is not permissible to take from my statements unless you know where I took

Or the statement of Imām Ash shāfi’i  “If you find my statement going against the book or the Sunnah throw my statements against the wall

These individuals regularly use statements and principles out of place or to oppose specific issues of methodology. it is well known that a principle in fiqh may not necessarily be a principle in aqidah and vice versa.

These aforementioned statements, are true statements that were mentioned to emphasise the importance of holding on to evidence in issues of shariah. But they are used by these individuals, to put doubt upon the statements, verdicts and advises of the Scholars, because when the scholars speak against someone and warns, often times the general person may not be acquainted with the reasons for the warning, and may not even understand the gravity of the issue, even if it were explained to them!

As Al Hasan Al Basri mentioned:

The fitna, when it appears, it is known by the Ulamā, and when its tail end appears (i.e. when it is over) it is known by every general person

That is to say when fitna arises it is spotted, detected and understood by the people of knowledge, how will the ignorant one perceive it, if it is intricate?

Based upon the statements of these ignoramuses, we should leave the general people to get engrossed in these issues, relying upon their own weak deficient understanding, possibly becoming unsatisfied with the evidence presented by those scholars, (since he (the layman) may be ignorant of the foundation that has been opposed) and thus go astray!

Knowledge of the men is in the hands of the people of Knowledge!

The Methodology of Criticism with the Salaf

It is established with the people of Sunnah and Hadīth, that the people of knowledge have a methodology related to criticism well known. This methodology is connected to the strong position they have against innovations in the religion, and is connected to the precise science of Jarh and ta’deel (Criticism or praise of the Narrators). None of that which we hear from the ignorant ones, about the ‘correct’ salafi position’ concerning deviant individuals, takes this science into consideration. Rather we hear the Ummah being referred back to the principles of the Ikhwaan Al Muslimīn repackaged as ‘True Salafiyah’!. Perhaps the reason for this is the fact that our communitites in the west have been strongly influenced by the da’wah of the Ikhwaan Al Muslimīn for decades (we will discuss this later inshallah), so the ignorant one refers back to this as ‘True Balanced Islām’ and ‘Just Salafiyah’ while it is nothing but ‘True Misguidance’.

The one who has knowledge of the method of criticism with the Salaf, their attitude towards it, and the statements of the people of Sunnah will be upon clarity

Sufyān Ath Thowri said:

When a man who dies is mentioned then do not look towards the statements of the general people (i.e. praise or dispraise) rather look to the statements of the people of knowledge and intellect (in determining how he was)

(Al Hilyah: 7/26)

Ibrāhīm ibn Shamās said

We asked Wakī’  (d. 196H or 197H) about Khārijah ibn Mus’ab (d. 168H a weak narrator of hadīth) and why he does not take from him, he replied:” I will not narrate from him, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal prohibited me from narrating from him”

(Tabaqāt Al Hanābilah: 1/392)

He did not mention here anything to do with the reason, just the warning!

Abu Moosā Muhammad Ibnil Muthanā (d. 252H) said “I saw in the lap of Abdur Rahmān Ibn Mahdi (d. 198H) a book wherein he had crossed out (the name of) a man so I said Oh Abu Sa’īd why have you crossed his hadīth out? He responded: Yahya Ibn Sa’īd (Al Qattaan: d. 198H) informed me that he has been accused of being upon the opinion of Jahm (ibn Safwān, the innovator) so I crossed his hadīth out

(Al Hilyah: 9/6)

In this narration this great Imām in knowledge, piety and taqwa, did not take from a man due to an accusation, was this great Imām in Hadeeth pathetic and unjust?!

It was said to Ibn ‘Aun  (d. 150H) ‘Why don’t you narrate from such and such? He responded: “Because Abu Bustām Shu’bah (d. 160H) left him”

(Taarikh Baghdaad: 9/260)

Was this typical ‘Cultish behaviour’ from Ibn Aun? Did he ‘oppress’ the one he refused to take from?

In this narration we see that these great scholars of the Salaf did not take knowledge from the aforementioned individuals and criticised their integrity, citing as their reason that the people of Hadīth and Sunnah did not take from them, people of Sunnah who were familiar with the man as his affair. Not once do we see them saying “..So I went to speak to him myself to verify” or “..but I will continue to take from them until the evidence is shown to me” or “did they advise him?” because they knew The People of Hadīth are most knowledgable concerning advice and nasīhah and that their speech is based upon them fearing Allah and knowing they will have to stand before Allah with what they say!

In fact even when individuals denyed with their own mouths what had been attributed to them, the people of Sunnah would not reject what was established with the people of Sunnah concerning the individual, since it is well known that the people of innovation are cunning, tricky and deceptive.

Imām Khateeb Al Baghdādi (d. 463H) mentions the statement of Sālih the son of Imām Ahmad who inform his father that some one had come to see him who said his name was daawūd (Dawūd ibn Ali Adh Dhāhiri) his father aid : “From where? He replied “Asbahān” he said: “what does he do? and Sālih did not do well to define who he was Abu Abdillah (Imam Ahmad) did not cease asking until he realised who he was. He said: Him! Muhammad Ibn Yahyā An Naisābūri wrote to me informing me that he holds that the qurān is created” so his son said: He negates and rejects that! He replied “Muhammad Ibn Yahyā is more trustworthy that him! do not give him permission to come to me!

(Collected by Khateeb Al Baghdādi in Tarīkh Al Baghdād 8/374)

Was this more ‘Cliche-ish‘ ‘Cultish‘, ‘Cringeworthy‘ behavior from Imām Ahmad? did Imām Ahmad wrong him by not accepting from him his denial? should he have ‘been more of a man’ and talk to him? Perhaps give him an interview..let him have his say! Or was this a methodology Well-Known?

Hamād ibn zaid (d. 179H b. 98) said Hamād ibn Abi Sulaimān (d.120H) the Shaikh of Abu Hanīfah came to us in Basrah and Ayoob (As Sikhiyaani: d. 131H b. 66) didn’t go to see him, so neither did we, for if Ayoob didn’t go to see someone we too would not go. Laith Ibn Abi Sulaim came to Us and Ayoob went to see him so we too went”

(Tabaqāt Ibn Sa’d: 7/286)

Bear in mind that Hamād ibn Abi Sulaimān was a taabi’i who had taken from Anas Ibn Maalik! and Ibraaheem An Nakhai’ and that Hamād Ibn Zaid was born in the year 98H. That would mean that if we were to say Hamād ibn Abi Sulaimān visited basra just before he died, Hamād Ibn Zaid wouldnt have been more than 18 years old! Shouldn’t Imaam Ayoob be teaching these young students the etiquette of visiting and taking from the people of knowledge? particularly this elderly man who was a student of the companion Anas Ibn Maalik? but though he was praised by some, he was accused of irjaa, thus Ayoob did not go to see him, neither did his many students. From his students were Sufyaan Ibn Uyainah, Sufyaan at Thawri, Hamād Ibn Salamah, Hamād Ibn zaid, Shu’bah, Ma’mar Ibn Raashid, Ismaa’il Ibn Ulaiyah to name but a few! And none of them went?!

No doubt the ignoramuses of our time would deem this ‘Cultish’ behaviour of the highest order!

Al Hasan Ibn Īsā said I asked (Abdullah) Ibn Mubārak (d. 181) about Asbāt (Ibn Muhammad (d. 200H)) and Muhammad Ibn Fudhail Ibn Ghazawān (d. 194H or 195H accused of the bid’ah of Tashayu’ (early Shi’ism)) and he remained silent. After a number of days he saw me and said “Oh Hasan your two companions (i.e. the two you asked me about) our companions (i.e. the people of Sunnah) are not pleased with them

(Dhu’afaa ul “Uqaili: 1/119)

Al Hasan did not follow this statement up with “well what was their evidence??” so did they fall short in relation to giving the muslim his right? Or was it because this an affair well known!

Abdullah Ibn Umar As Sarkhasi said “I ate with a person of innovation once, and that reached Abdullah ibn Mubārak and he said: “I will not speak to him for thirty days!”

(Collected by Al lillakā’i in ‘Sharh I’tiqād Ahlis Sunnah: 1/139)

Did Abdullah Ibn Umar As Sarkhasi respond with: “Well why doesn’t he ask me what happened?” or “Subhanallah I could have had a number of reasons” or other similar arguments we hear from the ignorant ones! Was this ‘childish’ ‘cultish’ behavior from Ibnil Mubārak ?

If the Salaf held onto the principles these people claim, imagine the state the Ahādeeth of the Messenger of Allah would be in today!?

Statement such as “akhi just take benefit” or “dont listen to those brothers” or ” the shaikh is just a man with an opinion akhi!” or “What is the shaikhs evidence akhi” would have destroyed the Sunnah!

Certainly we will hear (from them) that these narrations are not acted upon correctly, or are not to be acted upon in this way (as though they are just some historical record!) or were for a particular time or or or…

Just as we hear these people quoting principles we have been teaching for over a quarter of a century, since the early nineties, as our teachers, the Ulamaa of Madinah, taught us, (from them Shaikhanā Hamād Al Ansāri (and his Son), Shaikhanā Umar Falāta, Shaihanā Abdul Muhsin Al ‘Abād (and his son), Shaikhanā Ali Nāsir Al Faqīhi, Shaikhanā Rabee’ Ibn Hādi, Shaikhanā Ubaid Al Jābiri, Shaikhanā Muhammad Ibn Hādi, Shaikhanā Abdullah al Bukhāri, Shaikhanā Ahmad An Najmi to name but a few. Or those who taught us the book of Allah. Such Shaikhanā Ubaidallah Al Afghāni or Abdullah Al Juhani among others. Or those who were our study companions who we benefited greatly from upon the path, such as Shaikh Usāma Al ‘Amri, Shaikh Fu’ād Al ‘Amri Shaikh Khālid Adh dhafeeri or Shaikh Nizār Hāshim Abbās among others, people we actually spent time and studied with, not odd visits)

 Do these previously mentioned narrations mean we are calling to abandonment of evidence? Of course not but we must first understand what evidence (particularly in issue of jarh (disparagement)) is!

In response to this common doubt and in refutation of Abul Hasan Al Ma’ribi Our Shaikh Rabī Ibn Hādi mentions: (and pay close attention to this!):

  • “From the fundamental principles of Ahlis Sunnah is: ‘Know the truth, and you will know the men and the fact that the truth is not known because of the men (i.e. because it is held by certain individuals.
  • And from the fundamental principles of Ahlis Sunnah is: ‘Evidence is sought to substantiate positions held by individuals, they themselves are not the evidence.
  • And from the fundamental principles that Ahlus Sunnah have united upon is: ‘Whosoever the Sunnah of the messenger of Allah has become clear to, it is not permissible for him to leave it for anyone’ as Imām Ash Shāfi’ī has said

These fundamentals or evidences have been neglected, destroyed and wasted by Abul Hasan Al Ma’ribi and his supporters, he created a smokescreen of claims, that him and his followers reiterate, claiming to the people that they are Ahlus Sunnah and they are the ‘people of evidence’ and that they do not accept statements except with daleel (evidence) and that they are people of principles and other than them are unstable and fear the mention of fundamentals and principles, and that ‘ they do not make taqleed of anyone‘ and that such and such (people of knowledge and Sunnah) are not infallible, and that we are not bound to accept the statement of such and such nor such and such, and other such statements, the like of which, when incidents transpire, we see the statement of the guided khalifah Ali – Radhiyallahu anhu – concerning the khawaarij, being true of them. When they used to repeat their statement “Indeed rule is but for Allah!” so he said: ” A statement of truth, but what is intended by it is falsehood!” (Muslim:1066)

We recognise and understand, what they repeat and regurgitate from their great claims of:

‘Fundamentals’ and ‘principles’ and the ‘seeking of proofs’ and the ‘clinging to evidence’ and ‘fighting against taqleed’, and that ‘We don’t have popes or religious chiefs or custodians’.

We recognise and understand, that the apparent statement is truth, but they intend by way of it great falsehood, they intend by way of it agitation and wreaking havoc and fitan with the people of Haq and Sunnah.

So Ahlus Sunnah engaged them and confronted them, with the book and the Sunnah and with the Manhaj of the Salaf us Saalih and with their sound, guided principles, and they (Ahlus Sunnah) exposed these principles of theirs and stripped them of the ‘weapons’ they had the cheek and insolence to present, of ‘Fundamentals‘ and ‘Principles‘ and ‘proofs‘ and ‘evidences‘. So then they resorted to blind following, and clinging to ‘such and such said‘ and ‘such and such said‘ (such as that which we observe from them now in the west, “Shaikh such and such said about those brothers” (someone who knows nothing about them)! without a shred of evidence! Just claims (but that is accepted without question or ‘evidence’..How ironic!). Additionally (even) this wasn’t sufficient for them, so they resorted to what was worse than that, they resorted to attacking the text (or the book and the sunnah) through deception, severing (parts of evidence) and concealing (text)”

(Majmoo’ Ash Shaikh Rabī’ 13/175-176)

Bear in mind, Our Shaikh wrote these words in refutation of Abul Hasan 15 years ago!

As the Arab parable goes ما أشبه الليلة بالبارحة ‘How much tonight resembles last night!’ perhaps now it becomes clearer to some of us, why Shaikh Rabī sought from certain individuals to free themselves from Abul Hasan Al Ma’ribi, is it a coincidence then, that today we see them championing the very same rhetoric!

May Allah save us from being self-conceited, arrogant, vain-glorious individuals concerned only with promoting ourselves and our ‘achievements’ and grant us Knowledge of the ‘True‘ Manhaj of the Salaf of this Ummah.

Was Sallallahu ‘alaa Nabiyinaa Muhammad


Ahādīth that are popular, Widespread and Weak (Part 5 – Concerning the day of Āshūrā)

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salātu Was Salāmu ‘Alā Rasūllillāhi

Ammaa Ba’d:

In continuing with this series, since today is the day of Āshūrā we mention here a number of weak ahādīth regularly quoted upon this blessed day. Continue reading

Trust your Mashaaykh!

Bismillahi wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘ala rasoolillahi

Ammaa ba’d:

Ibn Abi Haatim mentions under the biography of Yusuf Ibn Khaalid As Samti:

I refused to accept the statement of Yahya Ibn Ma’een concerning him, wherein he referred to him as a ‘Zindeeq’ (Heretic) until a book that he wrote supporting ‘Tajahum’ (The aqeedah of the Jahmiyah) chapter after chapter, was brought to me. He rejected within it belief in the scales on the day of Judgement. It was then that I knew that Yahya Ibn Ma’een did not speak except upon foresight and understanding!” Continue reading

The Scholars of Hadeeth used to say.. (Part 3)

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

The Scholars of Hadeeth used to say (and still hold):

3. Weakness due to a narrator being discredited for problems in his Dhabt (His Precision) Continue reading

The Scholars of Hadeeth used to say…(Part 2)

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

The Scholars of Hadeeth used to say (and still hold) that: Continue reading

The Hadeeth ‘..His portion of Jannah will be two thousand years journey..’

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillah

Ammaa Ba’d:

Immamut Tirmidhi said It was Narrated to us from Abd Ibn Humaid who said I was informed by shabaabah upon the authority of Israa’eel upon the authority of Thuwair who said I heard Ibn Umar say: The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam Said:

Indeed the least of the people in Janah in station is one who will look at his (portion of) paradise and his wives and his blessing and his servants and his beds (and thrones) and they will cover the distance of one thousand years journey and the most noble of them in station is the one who looks at his (Allah) face every morning and evening then the Messenger of Allah recited the statement of Allah “Faces on that day will be bright and illuminated looking at their lordContinue reading

Ahaadeeth that are popular, Widespread and Weak (Part 4 – Concerning Ramadhan and fasting)

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu Alaa Rasoollillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

Ramadhaaniyaat: Ahaadeeth concerning Ramadhaan and fasting

In continuing with this series we mention here ahaadeeth connected to Ramadhaan. Every ramadhaan in sermons, lectures and articles there are a number of oft repeated claims made concerning this blessed month, hopefully the origin of some of these claims will become clearer with these brief articles. Whatever is established by other texts will be indicated inshallah.

Upon the authority of Abu Huraira – Radhiyallahu anhu who said that the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Wa Salam said:

The beginning of Ramadhaan is mercy, its middle is forgiveness, and its end sees (the) freedom (of individuals) from the fire

Ruling: Dha’eef Jiddan (Very weak)

(Collected by Ibn Abi Dunya in ‘Fadhaa’ilu shahri Ramadhaan’ (37), and declared ‘Dha’eef Jiddan by Shaikh AlAlbaani in ‘Ad dha’eefah’ (4/1569))

Upon the authority of Anas Ibn Maalik who said:

When (the month of) Rajab would enter (upon us) he (the prophet – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam) used to say:

“Allahumma Baarik lanaa fee Rajabin Wa Sha’baan wa Balighnaa Ramadhaan (Oh Allah bless us in Rajab and sha’baan and bring us to Ramadhaan)”

Ruling: Dha’eef (Weak)

(Collected by Ibn Abi Dunya in ‘Fadhaa’ilu Shahri Ramadhaan (1) and Ibn Asaakir and declared ‘Dha’eef’ by Shaikh Al Albaani in Dha’eeful Jaami’ (4395))

Upon the authority Abdullah Ibn Abi Aufaa who said that the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam said:

The sleep of the fasting person is worship, and his silence is tasbeeh (glorifying Allah) and his actions are multiplied, his supplications are answered and his sins are forgiven

Ruling:Maudoo’ (Fabricated)

(Collected by Al Khalaal in ‘Al Amaali’ (46) and declared ‘Dha’eef’ by Shaikh Al Albaani in ‘Dha’eef Al Jaami’ (5972)) and ‘Maudoo’ in ‘Dha’eefah (4696))

Upon the authority of Abu Huraira who said that the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi wa Salam who said:

Fast!, and become healthy

Ruling: Dha’eef (Weak)

(Collected by Ibn Sunni and Abu Nu’aym and declared ‘Dha’eef’ by Sh Al Albaani in Dha’eeful Jaami’ (3504))

Upon the authority of Bilal ibnil Haarith who said that the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam who said

Ramadhaan in Madeenah is better than Ramadhaan in any other place

Ruling: Baatil (False hadeeth)

(Collected by At Tabaraani 1/111/2 and Ibn Asaakir 8/510/2 and declared ‘Baatil’ by Sh Naasir in ‘Ad Dha’eefah (831))

Upon the authority Anas Ibn Maalik – Radhiyallahu anhu who said the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam said:

Indeed Allah revealed to his angels who record the deeds of the servants, do not record any of the evil deeds of my fasting servants after Asr

Ruling: Baatil (False hadeeth)

(Collected by Al Khateeb Al Baghdaadi in ‘At Taareekh’ (6/124) and declared ‘Baatil’ by Imaamud daaraqtni and Sh Al Albaani in ‘Ad Dha’eefah (6580))

Upon the authority Abu Huraira who said the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam:

Everything has its zakaat, and the zakaat of the body is fasting, for fasting is half of patience

Ruling: Dha’eef (Weak)

(Collected by Ibn Maajah (1745) and declared ‘Dha’eef’ by Sha Al Albaani in ‘Dha’eef At Targheeb 579))

Wallahu a’lam

Ahaadeeth that are popular, widespread and weak (Part 3)

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

In continuing with this series concerning popular weak ahaadeeth:

16. Upon the authority of Ibn Umar who made wudhu and wiped his neck then said (attributing his statement to the messenger – Sallallahu alaihi Wa Sallam

Whoever makes wudhu and wipes his neck will not be bound with collars on the day of judgement

Ruling: Fabricated – Collected by Abu Nu’aym in akhbaar Asbahaan 2/115 and declared ‘Fabricated by Shaikh Al Albaani in Ad Dha’eefah 2/167 Number 744

17.Wiping the eyes with ones index fingers when hearing ‘Ash hadu an Laa ilaaha ilallah…and the that one who does so will have the right to the intercession of the messenger – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Sallam

Ruling: Not Authentic

(Collected by Ad Dailami In ‘Musnadul Firdous upon the authority of ibn Umar and it is declared: ‘Not Authentic by shaikh Al Albaani in ‘Ad Dha’eefah’ 72)

18. “Salaah in a turban is equivalent to 10,000 good deeds

Ruling: Fabricated

(it was mentioned by As Suyooti in ‘Dhail Al Ahaadeeth Al Maudoo’ah’ (111) and declared ‘Fabricated’ by Shaikh Al Albaani in ‘Ad Dha’eefah 129)

19. “Be plentiful in saying ‘Laa ilaaha illallah’ during funerals

Ruling: Da’eef  (weak)

(Collected by Ad Dailami (1/1/32) upon the authority of Ibn Umar and declared ‘Dha’eef’ by Shaikh Al Albaani in Adh’Dha’eefah 2881)

20. “Whoever visits the grave of his parents or one of them every friday will have his sins forgiven and will be written as one who was dutiful to his parents

Ruling: Fabricated

(Collected by At Tabaraani in ‘As Sagheer’ (199) upon the authority of Abu Hurairah and declared ‘Fabricated’ By Shaikh Al Albaani in Ad Dha’eefah (49)

21. “Be plentiful in the rememberance of Allah until it is said about you ‘Majnoon! (Deranged!)

Ruling: Dha’eef

(Collected by Haakim 1/499) and declared ‘Dha’eef’ By shaikh Al Albaani in Ad Dha’eefah 517)

22. “Whenever he – Sallallahu alaihi Was Sallam – would cut his hair, trim his nails or blood cup he would have it sent to the baqee’ (graveyard in Madina) and have it buried

Ruling: Baatil (False)

(Mentioned by Ibn Abi Haatim (2/337) and declared ‘False’ by shaikh Al Albaani in Ad dha’eefah 713)

23. “He – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Sallam – used to eat with the whole of his palm

Ruling: Munkar (Conflicting). (‘Munkar’ is hadeeth terminology for a hadeeth that opposes an authentic hadeeth and has in its chain of transmission, a weak narrator)

(Collected by Al Uqaili in Ad Dhu’afaah 4/90 and declared ‘Munkar By Shaikh Al Albaani in Ad Dha’eefah (6225) he also mentioned it in number 1202 and declared it ‘Fabricated’)

24. “The Messenger of Allah did not used to raise his hands until he finished from Salaah (i.e. other than the initial Takbeer)

Ruling: Dha’eef (Weak)

(Collected by At Tabaraani in ‘Mu’jamul Kabeer 3/211/1 who mentions his chain going back to Abdullah ibn Zubair who saw a man raising his hands in Salaah before finishing his Salaah, then when he finished praying he said “The Messenger of Allah did not used to…” Shaikh AlAlbaani declared it weak in Ad Dha’eefah 2544 due to the presence of Fudhail Ibn Sulaimaan An Numairi who the majority of he Imaams of hadeeth declare a weak narrator)

25. The Messenger raised his hands after giving salaam (from Salaah) and while (still) facing the qibla and made dua that Allah frees Waleed Ibnil Waleed, ‘Iyaash ibn abi Rabee’ah, Salamah Ibn Hishaam and the (other) weak defenseless muslims from the Mushrikeen. Those who are unable to devise a plot or direct their way, from the hands of the mushrikeen

Ruling: Munkar

(Collected by Bazaar (3172) Shaikh Al Albaani after mentioning the hadeeth in ‘Ad Dha’eefah and discusses the presence of the weak narrator Ali Ibn Zaid ibn Jud’aan in its chain then he mentions:

The conclusive statement then is that nothing is established upon the messenger – Sallallahu Alahi was sallam – regarding him raising his hands after Salaah. As far as the affair of the Imaam making Du’a and those behind him saying ameen! after the prayer as is customary practice today in many Islamic countries then it is a bid’ah (innovation ) having no origin..” (See ‘Ad Dha’eefah 6/57-60)

Wallahu a’lam

Was Sallallahu ‘alaa Nabiyinaa Muhammad

Ahaadeeth that are popular, widespread and weak (Part 1)

Bismillahi Wal hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d

Indeed the people of Hadeeth of the past used to concern themselves with collecting, preserving, memorizing and familiarizing themselves with the ahadeeth of the messenger – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam. They would gather the asaaneed (chains of narration for one hadeeth) and study the various versions of the hadeeth and the connection between the chains of narration, with a view to analysing errors of the various versions.

From their methodology in hadeeth is that they would memorise ahaadeeth that they knew to be weak for the purposes of ‘i’tibaar’ (that is for the purpose of comparing those narrations with other than them, and also if the hadeeth is weak but they come across other chains of transmission then those weak narrations may be strengthened by way of those chains (as long as the weakness is not severe).

One reason they would memorise weak Ahaadeeth is ‘lil ma’rifati’ (that is to become aquainted with them)

Imaam Khateebul Baghdaadi mentions in Al Jaami’ li akhlaaqir Raawi wa adaabis saami’ 2/192:

“As for the ahaadeeth of weak narrators and those who we do not rely upon their narrations, then they are written down that one may be acquainted with them and so that they will not be exchanged with (and be confused by) the ahaadeeth of the trustworthy narrators and that one may compare and judge them with the narrations of others.”

Al Imaam Ibn Rajab mentions in his explanation of ‘Illal At Tirmidhi (1/130 Noorudeen ‘itr Print) a narration of Muhammad Ibn Raafi’ An Naisaaboori who said:

“I saw Ahmad (the Imaam) in front of yazeed Ibn Haroon and in his hand was a book of Zuhair narrating from Jaabir Al Ju’fee (a well known weak narrator) and he was copying it so i said: “Oh Abaa Abdillah! you have prohibited us from narrating from Jaabir yet you write his ahaadeeth?! so he responded: “I know him!” (That is i am awre of his state)

Similarly he said about the weak narrator Ubaidillah Al Wasaafi: “Indeed I write his hadeeth to be acquainted with them

Thus in an attempt to follow the path of ahlul hadeeth in that regard I start this series of popular ahaadeeth da’eefah lil ma’rifah. Wa Billahit Tawfeeq.

1. “The differing of my Ummah is a mercy

Ruling: ‘The hadeeth has no origin’

Ibn Hazm mentions in Ihkaamul ahkaam 2/61:

It is not a hadeeth!”

Shaikh Al Albaani mentions in Ad Da’eefah (1/141):

It has no origin

Shaikh muqbil mentions about the hadeeth in ‘Al Muqtarah (P9):

“It has no Sanad (chain of narration) and it is not established upon the prophet

2. “If affairs become difficult for you then turn to the inhabitants of the graves

Ruling: Fabricated

Shaikhul Islaam mentions in Majmoo’ul fataawaa 1/356:

“It is a lie fabricated upon the prophet by consensus of those well aquainted with hadeeth

3. “If you see a man being regular in the masjid then bear witness to his Imaan

Ruling: Weak

(Collected by Ahmad (11651) and Tirmidhi (2750) and Ibn Maajah (806))

In its Isnaad is Darraaj Ibn Sam’aan Abu Samh: Imaanudh Dhahabee said :

“Darraj is plentiful in manaakeer” (A narration wherein a weak narrator opposes trustworthy narration)

Imaam Ahmad said about him: “His ahaadeeth are Manaakeer”

See Tahdheebut Tahdheeb (3/186)

4. “My companions are like stars, any which one of them you follow you will be guided

Ruling: Fabricated

(Collected by Ibn Abdil Barr in Jaami’ul bayaanul Ilm 9″/91) “In its chain of narration is Sallaam ibn Sulaimaan there is consensus upon him being weak”

Ibn Kharaash mentioned: “Khadhaab!” (He is a liar!)

Ibn Hibbaan mentioned: “He has narrated fabricated Ahaadeeth

The hadeeth is declared Baatil (false) By

Shaikh Al Albaani in ‘Da’eefah (58), Ibn Hajr in At Talkhees Al Habeer (4/190) and Ibnil Jawzi in ‘Al ‘Illal Al Mutanaahiyah (1/283)

5. “Seek knowledge even if it is in China

Ruling: False

(Collected by Ibn ‘Adee in Al Kaamil Fid Dhu’afaa (5/188)

In its chain Al Hasan Ibn ‘Atiyah who was declared Weak by Ibu Haatim Ar Raazi

Similarly in its chain is Tareef ibn Sulaimaan: Imaamul Bukhaari said about him “Mumkar in Hadeeth”

Ibn Hibban mentions in ‘Al Majrooheen’: “This hadeeth is Baatil (False) it has no origin”

6. “Work for your dunya as though you will live forever, and work for your hereafer as though you will die tomorrow

Ruling: The hadeeth has no Origin

Shaikh Al Albaani mentions in ‘Da’eefah (8): “It has no origin even though it has become popular upon the tongues in recent times

7. “Be plentiful in remembering Allah until it is said of you Majnoon (deranged)”

Ruling: Weak

(Collected by ahmad (11673) and in its chain is Darraaj ibn Sam’aan who is weak the hadeeth has been declared weak by Al Haithame, Al Albaani, Shaikh Muqbil and others)

8. “I am the most elequent of any who speak with (the letter) Daad (i.e. the arabic language)”

Ruling: No origin

Imaam ibn Katheer mentioned: in his tafseer (1/54) “It has no origin though its meaning is correct

9. “Read ‘Yaaseen’ over your dead”

Ruling: Weak

(Collected by Ahmad (20301) Abu Dawood (3121) Ibn Maajah (1448))

The hadeeth has three defects:

1. ‘Jahaalah’ (The unknown state of a narrator) namely Abu Uthmaan

2. The ‘Jahaalah’ of his father

3. ‘Al Idtiraab’ (Uncertainty in the manner in which the chains of narration have occured, leading to inability to establish the hadeeth)

10. “The most hated of the halaal affairs to Allah is Divorce”

Ruling: Weak

(Collected by Abu Daawood (2176,2177) Ibn Maajah (2018) Al Haakim (2853))

The hadeeth is declared ‘Mursal’ which is when a taabi’ee attributes a hadeeth to the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam – which necessitates a break in the chain since none of the successors met the Messenger – Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam – that is of course if one is unable to establish that the missing narrator is a companion or another successor, thus it is declared weak

Wallahu A’lam

Abu Hakeem

A Beautiful Hadeeth but…

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

I was recently asked about the following hadeeth and what the scholars of hadeeth say about it, a beautiful narration but sadly…

It is mentioned that Asma bint al Yazeed approached the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam) and said:

I am a messenger for a group of females. All of them say a similar statement to mine, and they all are in agreement with my opinion. Indeed Allah has sent you to men and women, and we have believed in you and we follow you. We (females) are responsible for tending to the homes and we are the place where men fulfill their desires, in addition to carrying their children (during pregnancy). But the men are preferred over us due to the merits gained for attending the Friday congregational prayer, attending burial procedures and also fighting in the way of Allah. If they leave their homes, we protect their wealth and we also raise their children. (With this being the case) do we share in their great reward, oh Messenger of Allah (salallaahu ‘alaihi was sallam)?

Upon hearing this, the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alaihi was sallam) turned toward his male companions and said:

Have you ever heard a female inquiring about the affair of her religion in a better manner than this female?

The companions replied: Indeed we did not perceive a woman would be guided to such an affair , Oh Messenger of Allah (salallaahu ‘alaihi was sallam)!

The Prophet (salallaahu ‘alaihi was sallam) then replied to her: Return oh Asma, and inform the group of females that being a good wife to your husband, exerting yourself to please him, and making him pleased with you is equivalent (in reward) to all of what you have mentioned concerning the men!

So she turned away saying: La illaha illallah, Allahu Akbar, due to the joy she felt (after hearing the Prophet’s reply)”.

(Collected by Ibn ‘Asaakir in ‘Taareekh Damishq (2/609)

Excerpts from the comments of Shaikh Naasir around the Hadeeth

Shaikh Al Albaani mentions: ‘Da’eef (weak)‘: In its isnaad is Abu Sa’eed As Saahili Jubaili and have not been able to find anyone who deems him trustworthy…thus he is majhool Al Haal (his condition is unknown)

I also believe that there is a break in the chain between Muslim ibn Ubaid and (the Narrator of the hadeeth) Asmaa bint Yazeed because i have not seen anyone establish that he narrated from her. He narrated from Anas ibn Maalik and Abi Usaib and a group of taabi’een. And Anas died late and i believe abu usiab did too. The Shaikh then mentions another chain of Narration from Abu Haatim in ‘Taareekh Waasit’ p75 and from ‘Shu’abul Imaan of Imaam Baihaqi (6/420-421) containing this saahili in it/ Then a different versions with a weak Narrator Rishdeen ibn Kuraib in it who is also da’eef (weak)…

The Shaikh concludes thus that the Hadeeth is a weak one and is not established upon the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Salam nor its narrator Asmaa bint Yazeed – Radhiyallahu Anhaa

Wallahu A’lam

Abu Hakeem

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