Category Archives: Miscellaneous

Love for the poor is from Imaan!

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

Someone had requested from me to mention the hadeeth containing this du’aa of the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu ‘alaihi Was Salam, so I mention the text here for general benefit, since the hadeeth itself is tremendous!.

Upon the authority of Ibn Abbaas – Radhiyallahu Anhu who said: the messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi was salam said:

My lord came to me tonight (while asleep) in the most beautiful form! And said:

Do you know what those in the highest gathering are arguing about? So I said: “No” so he placed his hand between my shoulders until I felt the coolness of his hand (and in a version ‘His fingertips’) between my breast then I was acquainted with knowledge of that which is in the heavens and that which is on the earth. So He said: “Oh Muhammad! (Now) do you know what the highest gathering are arguing about? So I said:

“Yes! (They are arguing) concerning that which expiates sins and that which raises one in level!

(As for) the expiations (then they are):

(1) “to remain in the masjid after the prayers,

(2) To walk, by foot to the congregational prayers and,

(3) Perfecting ones wudhu in difficult conditions (i.e. cold etc.)

So he said: You have spoken the truth Oh Muhammad! And whosoever does so, lives upon good and dies upon good, and is purified from his sin like the day his mother gave birth to him!.

And he said: “Oh Muhammad! When you pray you should say:

اللهم إني أسألك فعل الخيرات و ترك المنكرات و حب المساكين و أن تغفر لي و ترحمني و تتوب علي و إذا أردت بعبادك فتنة فاقبضني إليك غير مفتون

“Oh Allah! I ask you (to bestow upon me) the performance of good deeds, and (to bestow upon me) the abandonment of evil acts, (to instil within me) love for the poor, and that you forgive me and have mercy upon me and accept my repentance, and if you intend to put your servants under an affliction, then take me to you without putting me under trail!

(Allahumma Innee as’aluka Fi’lal Khairaat, Wa tarkal Munkaraat, wa Hubal Masaakeen, wa an taghfiralee, wa tarhamanee, wa tatooba alaiyya, wa idhaa aradta bi ‘ibaadika fitnah, faqbidnee ilaika ghaira maftoon)

And as for that which raises one in levels (then it is):

(1) To spread salaam

(2) To make food (for the people)

(3) And to pray by night when the people are asleep”

(Collected by Imaam Ahmad in his ‘Musnad’and by ‘Abd ibn Humaid’ and declared ‘Saheeh’ by shaikh Al Albaani in Saheehul Jaami’ 59 and ‘As Saheehah 3169)

In this hadeeth we have that which is established by the ulamaa of Ahlus Sunnah concerning the affirmation of the Messenger seeing Allah in his sleep and that this is something established as Shaikhul Islaam has mentioned in various places in his writings. He also mentions that this is accepted by all sects excluding the Jahmiyah.

Ibn Abdil Barr Mentions in ‘At Tamheed 24/325: His statement in this hadeeth: “..I saw my lord..” the meaning of this with the people of knowledge is in a dream wallahu a’lam

Al Haafidh Ibn Rajab explained this hadeeth in possibly the lengthiest explanation of the hadeeth of any of the past scholars, and he mentioned numerous benefits related to it from them:

  • That everything the messenger has described his lord with is the truth and it is compulsory to believe in it without likening Allah to his creation
  • In it is an evidence of the nobility of the prophet -Sallallahu alaihi wa salam and one of his virtues and that is him being taught the knowledge of that which is in the heavens and earth (except of course the five things that only Allah knows. Allah mentions: “And with him are the keys of the unseen, none knows them except He. He knows whatever is in (or on) the earth and in the sea: not a leaf falls, but he knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry but it is written in a clear record” Suratul An’aam Vs 59) just as Ibraaheem was shown the dominion of the heavens and the earth (as occurs in suratul An’aam “Thus did we show Ibraaheem the kingdom of the heavens and the earth that he may be of those who have faith with certainty” Suratul An’aam Vs 75)
  • In it is evidence that the highest gathering, and they are the angels’, debate among themselves
  • It also indicates the virtue of the six affairs mentioned in the hadeeth since the gathering of Allahs angels have debated among themselves concerning them!
  • The ‘difficult conditions’ mentioned in the hadeeth has been explained to mean extreme cold
  • That walking to the masjid is better than taking transport
  • The majority of the scholars hold that the things mentioned in the hadeeth expiate minor sins and not major sins
  • That the intent behind ‘remaining in the masjid after the prayers’, is for the purpose of waiting for the next prayer, though he mentions that the hadeeth includes those who remain behind for the purpose of remembering Allah, to read, to listen to knowledge or to teach knowledge

That to have love for the poor has its basis in loving for the sake of Allah, because the poor do not possess from the dunyah that which would necessitate loving them (that is as it relates to most people) so they are (ordinarily) not loved except for the sake of Allah

Wallahu A’lam

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Advice to Abu Dharr – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi
Ammaa Ba’d

After delivering the Friday sermon this last week (1/6/2012) and the previous week (25/5/2012) in the discussion of the beautiful and lengthy hadeeth of Abi Dharr Al Ghifaari Radhiyallahu Anhu who was advised by the messenger – Sallallahu Alaihi wa salam after asking him numerous questions, some of my beloved brothers (May Allah reward them) requested that I send the hadeeth out for benefit.

As I mentioned in the sermon, some parts of the hadeeth are saheeh, some parts hasan and some Da’eef (weak). For benefit I will mention firstly the authentic (whether saheeh or hasan) parts of the hadeeth as one text so that the reader benefits from the flow of the text, then I will follow that up by mentioning which parts are Saheeh and hasan and I will also add the da’eef sections of the hadeeth (in red) as they occur in the original text, that the reader may be aquainted with it, quoting in that regard, the rulings of Shaikh Al Albaani upon it.

Thus here is the text of the Hadeeth and I ask Allah that he benefits my brothers and sisters with it.

Upon the authority of Abi Dharr – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu – who said: “I entered the masjid (on an occassion) and found The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam sitting alone. He said (to me): “Oh Abaa Dharr! Indeed the masjid has a greeting and its greeting is to pray two rak’ah so stand and pray them.”

He (Abu Dharr) said: “So I stood and I performed them”

Then I returned and sat with him and said: “Oh Messenger of Allah!, Indeed you have commanded me with Salaah, so what is Salaah?

He said: “The best (act of worship) sent down! So perform much of it or little! (meaning the choice is yours but the more of its ‘legislated’ forms you perform the better)

He said (Abu Dharr): “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Which action is best?

He said: “To have belief in Allah and to make Jihaad in his way

He said: ” I said “Oh Messenger of Allah! Which of the believers is most complete in Faith?

He said: “The one that has the best character

So I said: ” Which of the believers has the best Islam

he said:”The one who the people are safe from his tongue and his hand

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah which Salaah is best?

He said “The one that has the longest standing (I.e for recitation)

So I said Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which migration is best?

He said:”The one that migrates from evil deeds

He said:” I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah then what is fasting?

He said: “A compulsory action that one is rewarded for, and with Allah the reward is many times multiplied

He said: “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which Jihad is best?

He said: “The one in which ones riding beast is injured and his (i.e. the warriors) blood is spilt

He said: “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which charity is best?

He said: “The (Charitable) effort of the one who has little, given secretly to the poor

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! then what is the greatest of that which Allah has sent down to you?

He said: “Aayatul Kursi

I said: ” Oh Messenger of Allah! How many were the messengers?

He said: “Three hundred and thirteen, a large amount

He said: I said: ” Oh Messenger of Allah! who was the first of them?

He said: ” Aadam – Alahis salaam

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! was he a prophet that was sent?

He said: “Yes! Allah created him with his hand, then blew his spirit into him, and spoke to him directly!

The intelligent person, as long as his mind has not been overcome (i.e. by mental illness) should have (a number of) periods. A period wherein he calls upon his lord, a period wherein he takes account of himself, a period wherein he reflects upon the creation of Allah and a period that he spends seeking his needs from food and drink.

Likewise the intelligent person should avoid travel except for three reasons, (to gain) provisions for the hereafter, seeking his livelihood or taking enjoyment in that which is not prohibited.

it is like wise upon the intelligent person to have insight into his era, to proceed towards his affair (i.e. to head diligently towards the affairs that benefit him) and to guard his tongue. And whosoever evaluates his speech in comparison to his actions, will speak little except in that which concerns him.

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! What were the scrolls of Musaa?

He said: “They were all lessons (and admonitions).

I am amazed at the one who is certain of death then he is happy. And I am amazed at the who is certain of the (presence) of the fire then he laughs, and I am amazed at the one who is certain of pre-decree (concerning that which has been allotted to him) then he wears himself out. And I am amazed at the one who sees this world, and how affairs change for its people then he is tranquil within it. And I am amazed at the one who has certainty that the reckoning is tomorrow yet he doesnt act

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! advise me!

He said: “I advise you with the fear of Allah, for indeed it is the pinnacle of all affairs.

I said: “Oh messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Cling to reciting the Qur’aan and the remembrance of Allah, for indeed it is light for you in the life of this world and it is preserved for you in the heavens

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Be aware of laughing excessively, for indeed it kills the heart and removes light from the face

I said: “Oh messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Make jihad, since it is the monasticism of my Ummah” (meaning that when monasticism revolves around abstention from the world and selflessness there is no greater form of this than that a person participates in battle)

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase Me!

He said: “Love the poor and sit with them

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Look to those who are lesser than you (i.e. are less well to do) and dont look to those who are above you (i.e. have more than you) as it is better in preventing one from looking down with disdain at Allahs blessings upon you

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Speak the truth even if it is bitter!”

This then is the end of that which is authentic from the hadeeth.

Truly as Imaam Manaawi mentions concerning the hadeeth:

What an amazing bequest! How beneficial, comprehensive and wonderful! Glad tidings to the one who is granted success in accepting it and acting upon it!”

(At Tayseer 1/786)

That which follows is some detail from ‘Dha’eef mawaarid Adham’aan’ – (p11-17) of Shaikh Al Albaani concerning which parts of the hadeeth are Saheeh, Hasan and Dha’eef and I have highlighted the weak portions in red

Upon the authority of Abi Dharr – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu – who said: “I entered the masjid (on an occassion) and found The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam sitting alone. He said (to me): “Oh Abaa Dharr! Indeed the masjid has a greeting and its greeting is to pray two rak’ah so stand and pray them.”

(Hasan Li Ghairihi except the command (ie to stand and pray) for it is saheeh)

He (Abu Dharr) said: “So I stood and I performed them”

(Hasan Li Ghairihi)

Then I returned and sat with him and said: “Oh Messenger of Allah!, Indeed you have commanded me with Salaah, so what is Salaah?

He said: “The best (act of worship) sent down! So perform much of it or little! (meaning the choice is yours but the more of its ‘legislated’ forms you perform the better)

(Hasanun Li Ghairihi – At Ta’leeq ur Ragheeb 1/145)

He said (Abu Dharr): “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Which action is best?

He said: “To have belief in Allah and to make Jihaad in his way

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi – As Saheehah (1390))

He said: ” I said “Oh Messenger of Allah! Which of the believers is most complete in Faith?

He said: “The one that has the best character

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi – As Saheehah (284))

So I said: ” Which of the believers has the best Islam

He said:”The one who the people are safe from his tongue and his hand

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah which Salaah is best?

He said “The one that has the longest standing (I.e for recitation)”

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi – Al Irwaa (458))

So I said Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which migration is best?

He said:”The one that migrates from evil deeds

(Saheeh Li ghairihi – As Saheehah (549 and 553))

He said:” I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah then what is fasting?

He said: “A compulsory action that one is rewarded for, and with Allah the reward is many times multiplied

He said: “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which Jihad is best?

He said: “The one in which ones riding beast is injured and his (the warriors) blood is spilt

(Saheeh li ghairihi – As Saheehah (552) and Saheeh Abi Daawood (1303))

He said: “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which charity is best?

He said: “The (Charitable) effort of the one who has little, given secretly to the poor

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi except the sentence about giving in secret Al Irwaa – 3/317 and 415)

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! then what is the greatest of that which Allah has sent down to you?

He said: “Aayatul Kursi

(Saheeh Li ghairihi – Saheeh Abi Dawood (1311)

then he said: “Oh Abaa Dharr! the seven heavens in comparison to the Kursi is not except like a ring thrown in vast open land (i.e a desert). And the virtue of the throne over the Kursi is like the superiority of that land over that ring!”

I said:” Oh Messenger of Allah! How many were the prophets?

He said: “One hundred and twenty thousand

(Da’eef Jiddan (Very weak))

I said: ” Oh Messenger of Allah! How many were the messengers from that?

He said: “three hundred and thirteen, a large amount

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi)

He said: I said: ” Oh Messenger of Allah! who was the first of them?

He said: “Aadam – Alahis salaam

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! was he a prophet that was sent?

He said: “Yes! Allah created him with his hand, then blew his spirit into him, and spoke to him directly!

Saheeh Li Ghairihi – As Saheehah (2668))

then He said (to me): “Oh Abaa Dharr! four of them were Syriacs, Aadam, Seth (Aadam’s Son), Enoch, and he is Idrees and was the first to scribe with a pen – and Noah. And four were Arabs, Hood, Shu’ayb, Saalih and your prophet Muhammad – Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Salam

So I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! How many books did Allah send down?

He said: “One hundred and four books: Fifty scrolls were revealed to Seth, thirty scrolls were revealed to Enoch, ten scrolls were revealed to Ibraaheem and ten scrolls were revealed to Moosaa before the revelation of the Tawraah, and the Tawraah, the Injeel, The Zaboor (the Psalms) and the Furqaan (The Qur’aan) were revealed”

I said : “Oh Messenger of Allah! “What were the scrolls of Ibraaheem? He said: “They were all Parables. Oh you insolent, wretched, self-conceited King! Indeed I did not send you to collect the dunya together, rather I sent you to respond to the supplication of the oppressed on my behalf, for indeed I do not reject it, even if it comes from a Kaafir

(Dha’eef Jiddan – Very weak, though the last sentance does have an origin see ‘As Saheehah (870))

It is upon the intelligent person, as long as his mind has not been overcome (ie by mental illness) to have periods. A period wherein he calls upon his lord, a period wherein he takes account of himself, a period wherein he reflects upon the creation of Allah and a period that he spends seeking his needs from food and drink.

It is likewise upon the intelligent person to avoid travel except for three reasons, (to gain) provisions for the hereafter, seeking his livelihood or taking enjoyment in that which is not prohibited.

It is likewise upon the intelligent person to have insight into his era, to proceed towards his affair (ie to head diligently towards the affairs that benefit him) and to guard his tongue. And whosoever evaluates his speech in comparison to his actions, will speak little except in that which concerns him.

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! What were the scrolls of Musaa?

He said: “They were all lessons (and admonitions). I am amazed at the one who is certain of death then he is happy. And I am amazed at the who is certain of the (presence) of the fire then he laughs and I am amazed at the one who is certain of pre-decree (i.e. in relation to that which is alloted to him) then he wears himself out. And I am amazed at the one who sees this world and how affairs change for its people then he is tranquil within it. And I am amazed at the one who has certainty that the reckoning is tomorrow yet he doesnt act”

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi)

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! advise me!

He said: “I advise you with the fear of Allah, for indeed it is the pinnacle of all affairs.

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me! He said: “Cling to reciting the Qur’aan and the rememberance of Allah, for indeed it is light for you in the life of this world and it is preserved for you in the heavens

(Saheeh – ‘As Saheehah’ – (555))

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Be aware of laughing excessively, for indeed it kills the heart and removes light from the face

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi except the sentence about light – Saheehah (930))

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Remain silent except with that which is good,for indeed it repels the shaytaan from you and it is an aid for you upon the affairs of your deen

(Dha’eef Jiddan – Very weak see previous reference)

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Make jihad since it is the monasticism of my Ummah” (meaning that when monasticism revolves around abstention and selflessness there is no greater form of this than that a person participates in battle)

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi ‘As Saheehah – (555))

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase Me!

He said: “Love the poor and sit with them

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Look to those who are lesser than you (i.e. are less well to do) and dont look to those who are above you (ie have more than you) as it is better in preventing one from looking down with disdain at Allahs blessings upon you

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi – ‘Ar Rawdh’ – (604))

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Speak the truth even if it is bitter!”

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “let that which you know about yourself divert you from speaking about the people, and do not be angered by that which comes from them. It is sufficient deficiency for you, that you see and observe from them what you do not acknowledge about yourself (meaning that usually those who critisise usually possess the same traits as the ones he speaks about), and that you become angered by that which comes from them (ie towards you)

Then he struck my chest with his hand and said:

“Oh Abaa Dharr! There is no intellect like planning and considering the outcome of affairs, there is no piety like abstaining (i.e. from that which doesnt concern you, from harming people, from haraam etc) and there is no nobility like good character”

(I (Shaikh Al Albaani) say: In its chain is Ibraaheem ibn Hishaam ibn Yahyah Al Ghasaani. Abu Haatim and others said about him: “Kathaab (liar)”

(Dha’eef Jiddan – Very weak see ‘Ad Dha’eefah – 1910, 5638 and 6090 though some of its parts are authentic and established in other ahaadeeth..”
Wallahu ta’aalaa a’lam
Wa Sallallahu ‘alaa Nabiyinaa Muhammad
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The Boy and the King (A benefit from Imaam Ibn Katheer – Rahimahullah)

Bismillah al Hamdullilah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

We mentioned yesterday the story of the boy and the king. The story is often times mentioned alongside the tafseer of Suratul Burooj the verses in it that mention

Cursed were the people of the ditch

(Suratul Burooj Vs 4)

It is often times mentioned that this verse refers to the story of the boy and the king. Though the verses do corrolate well with the Hadeeth we should exercise caution when mentioning that. Since it is not ‘categorically’ the meaning of the verse according to the people of knowledge. There is a benefit that Al Imaam Ibn Katheer – Rahimahullah mentions in his tafseer concerning the verse:

The Scholars of tafseer differ concerning the people this story relates to, who are they (exactly)? He then mentions that Ali – Radhiyallahu Anhu had a number of statements concerning who they were and where they were from. He mentions there is a narration from him that they were Persians, he mentions that in a second narration they were from Yemen and in a third he mentions they were from Ethiopia..”

Ibn Abbaas also held that they were a people from the Children of Isra’eel, and then he (Ibn Katheer) mentions that Imaam Ahmad, Imaam At Tirmidhi and Imaam An Nasaa’ie mentioned the story of the boy and the king in the tafseer of the verse.

Then Ibn Katheer mentions the statement of the great Mufaseer Muqaatil – Rahimahullah:

The people of the ditch were three (I.e. those who punished people by way of a fire-filled trench): One in Najraan in Yemen; Another in Shaam (Area of Syria, Jordon etc) and another in Persia (The area of present day Iraaq). As for the one in Shaam then he was Antoninus The Roman, as for the Persian then it was King Nebuchadnezzar, and as for the one in the arab lands, then he was Yusuf Dhoo Nawaas..”

(Tafseer Ibn Katheer 8/271 (Tayyiba Print))

Imaam Muqaatil then goes on to conclude that the qur’aan only addressed the one in the Lands of the Arab, but as mentioned earlier the scholars of tafseer differ on the point.

It is interesting that he mentioned Antoninus the Roman because his reign falls well inline with what was mentioned yesterday. What then do western Historians say about this Ruler?

Antoninus the Roman

Antoninus the Roman emperor, was also known as Caracalla and was refered to as ‘The Common enemy of Mankind’. His reign was from 198 to 217 CE (Third Century) and he was well known for his cruelties. He had the Roman Jurist and religious scholar Papinion (who was Syrian in origin and known for being a follower of ‘casuistry’ which was a form of reasoning that advocated adopting the rigourous morals of the ‘Early fathers of christianity’ to modern morals) put to death, and after beheading him, he had his body dragged around the streets.

He ordered the Killing of some 20,000 individuals who did not support him, and the bloodbath went on for a period of two weeks.

He also commissioned the building of ‘The baths of Caracalla’ which went on to become the largest public buildings ever built in ancient rome. He also personally directed a general massacre of the people of Alexandria and supervised their killing from a secure position in the Temple of Serapis.

He was at eventually assassinated on March 8, C.E. 217, near Harran in southeast Turkey.

Look then how Allah has blessed us with a Salaf who were well aquainted with not only the deen of Allah, but even knowledge of the history of other nations and their people. May Allah increase us in their knowledge and in love of following their path.

Wallahu A’lam

Was Sallallahu ‘Alaa Nabiyinaa Muhammad

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The Reality of the Dunya and what remains of it

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillah

Ammaa Ba’d:

Indeed the messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam – mentioned the reality of the dunya in many Ahaadeeth.

He informed us of the the fact that the dunya is of no value with Allah, in fact he likened it to the most despicable of affairs. Consider the following hadeeth:

Upon the authority of Dahaak ibn Sufyaan – Radhiyallahu Anhu – who said that the messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi wa Salam – said to him:” Oh Dahhaak! What is your food? He responded: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Meat and Milk! He said: “Then what happens to it? He said: it becomes that which you know! He said “Indeed Allah has made that which is excreted by the son of Aadam, as an example of the Dunya

(Collected by Imaam Ahmad in hid ‘Musnad’ and declared ‘Hasan’ By Shaikh Al Albaani in Saheeh Jaami’us Sagheer (1739))

Upon the authority of Salmaan Al Faarisi – Radhiyallahu Anhu who said: A people came to the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi was Salam and he said to them: “Do you have food? They responded ‘Yes!’ He said: “And do you have drink?” They replied ‘Yes!’ then he said: “And you choose and select it (ie your food)? They said : ‘Yes!’ he said: “And you cool it (i.e. your drink) they said Yes! He said “Indeed the outcome of the dunya is like the end result of both of them! (I.e human waste) One of you stands behind his house (After answering the call of nature) and holds his nose from the foul smell

(Collected by Imaamut Tabaraani in ‘Mu’jamul Kabeer’ (6119) and declared ‘Saheeh by Shaikh Al Albaani in ‘Silsilatul Ahaadeethus Saheehah’ (382))

Thus just as one is meticulous about choosing and selecting his food, and cooling his beverage, the son of Aadam is the same with the affairs of his dunya, while the outcome of both are the same!

In fact the messenger – Sallallahu alaihi wa salam – likened the dunya to animal waste!

Upon the authority of Abu Sa’eed Al Khudhri Radhiyallahu ‘anhu who said: the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Sallam – stood on an occasion and addressed the people saying: “No! By Allah I do not fear for you Oh people except that which Allah brings forth for you from the glitter of the dunya” So a man said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Does good bring about evil? So the Messenger of Allah remained silent for a period then he said: “What did you say?” So he said: “Does good bring about evil? So the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam said: “Indeed good does not bring about except good, but is it good? (Then he continued): “Every time the spring brings forth vegetation, there are livestock that die from it due to excessive over consumption or come near to death. Except for the one that eats greenery until its stomach is full, then it lies on its side looking at the sun, it defecates, urinates, regurgitates its food and continues chewing. Thus whosoever consumes wealth with its due right, then Allah will place blessings therein. While the one who consumes wealth without due right, then he is like the one that eats but does not become satisfied

(Collected by Bukhaari (2842, 6432) and Muslim (2468))

Al Haafidh ibn Hajr mentions concerning the hadeeth: “In the hadeeth there are a number of amazing comparisons:

The first of them: Likening wealth and its increase with vegetation and its appearance and growth

Secondly: Resembling the one who is engrossed in gathering the dunya and its means with cattle engrossed in gather in consuming vegetation

Thirdly: Resembling the one who amounts it plentifully and stores it, with the worse type of animal as it relates to eating and filling his stomach

(Fathul Baari 11/248)

Not to mention the fact that the Messenger – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam – resembled the outcome of the dunya to that which is ultimately excreted by the same animal!

That which remains from the dunya

As far that which remains from the dunya then the prophet _Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam informed us of the following:

Upon the authority of Ibn Umar – Radhiyallahu Anhu – said: “We were sitting with the Prophet – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam and the sun was upon Qu’ayqi’aan (A well-known mountain in Makkah) after asr (i.e. descending to set) so he said: The lifespan of your Ummah in comparison to the lifespan of the previous nations is not except like that which remains of the rest of this day in comparison to that which has past of it

(Collected by Ahmad in his Musnad 2/114 and its isnaad is declared ‘Saheeh’ By Shaikh Ahmad Shaakir)

Upon the authority of Ibn Mas’ood – Radhiyallahu anhu – who said the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam said: “Indeed Allah has made the lifespan of the dunya short, and that which remains of it, is a small portion of something short. The example of that which remains of it is like a small pond that has had the best of its water consumed and nothing remains of it but muddy dregs

(Collected by Haakim (7904) and declared ‘Saheeh’ by shaikh Al Albaani in As Saheehah (1625))

May Allah grant us aid in that which remains for each individual from among us of it.

Wa Sallallahu Alaa Nabeyyinaa Muhammad

Abu Hakeem

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The Prohibition against asking for punishment in the Dunya

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

I was recently asked about this topic and thought i would share the hadeeth and its subject matter with you.

Upon the authority of Anas ibn Maalik – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu who said that the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam visited a man from the Muslims who had become slim and weak and resemblant to a newborn chick (due to an illness). So the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Sallam said to him: “Have you been supplicating for anything or asking him (Allah) for anything? so he said yes! i have been saying: “Oh Allah whatever you were going to punish me with in the hereafter, then give me my punishment in the life of this world” so the Messenger of Allah – Sallallhu Alaihi Was Sallam said: “Subhaanallah! You would not withstand that! (or he said) you would not be able! Would it not have been better for you to say “Oh Allah give me good in the dunya, and good in the hereafter, and save us from the punishment of the Fire” then he made dua to Allah for him and Allah cured him”

(Saheeh Muslim 2688)

Wallahu A’lam

Abu Hakeem

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Mankind and the dunya!

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

In the following hadeeth the Messenger informed us of the reality of Mankind and the dunya

Upon the authority of Abu Hurairah – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu – that the Messenger – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam said:

The example of the Son of Aadam and his wealth, his family and his actions is like a man who has three brothers or three companions. One of them says to him: ‘I am with you throughout your life but when you die, then I am not of you and you are not of me’ The other says to him i will be with you until you reach that tree (i.e. for a particular duration) then I am not of you and you are not of me. Then the last one says to him: ‘I will be with you during your life and after death

(Collected by Bazaar as occurs in ‘Kashful Astaar’ (3228) and declared ‘Hasanun Saheeh’ By Shaikh Al Albaani in ‘At Targheeb and At Tarheeb (4889))

Upon the authority of Anas ibn Maalik

Ibn Aadam has three close companions. One companion says to him’ Whatever you spend is yours, and whatever you withold does not belong to you, this is his wealth. As for the (other) companion then he says ‘I am with you until you reach the king’s door, then i will leave you and return, that is his family and servants, as far as the (last) companion then he says: ‘I am with you wherever you enter or exit (i.e. wherever you go) those are his actions: So he (the son of aadam) responds: “And you were the most trivial of the three to me”

(Collected by Ibn Hibbaan (3098) and declared ‘Hasan Saheeh’ By Shaikh Al Albaani)

In one version of the hadeeth it mentions at the end: “..these is his actions, whether good or bad’ (collected by Imaamut Tabaraani in his ‘Mu’jamul Kabeer and declared ‘Hasan Saheeh’ by Shaikh Naasir in Saheeh At Targheeb (3231))

The intent behind the statement: “.. Whatever you spend is yours, and whatever you withold does not belong to you, this is his wealth” is made clearer in the following Hadeeth of Abdullah ibn Shakheer:

Upon the following Abdullah Ibn Shikheer who said: “When Allah revealed the verse:

The Mutual rivalry for piling up of the worldly things diverts you
(Suratut Takaathur:1)

The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu ‘alaihi was Salam said: “Ibn Aadam says: “My wealth! My wealth! but do you possess from your wealth except that which you have eaten, and now it has been consumed, or what you have worn, now it is worn out or what you have given in charity and thus preserved it (i.e. for the hereafter).”

(Collected by Imaam Muslim in his ‘Saheeh’ (2958) (Fu’aad Abdul Baaqi print))

Since ones worldly possessions are with mankind for a time, ones true possessions are his possessions in the hereafter.Similarly we see in it the reality of most of mankind as it relates to his actions, this occurs in the statement of the son of Aadam at the end of the first Hadeeth, ‘..and you were the most trivial of the three to me’. That is most people’s main concern is with their family and their wealth alone,  often times to the detriment of the thing that will benefit them the most in the hereafter, their actions. Though from the mercy of Allah, is that he has placed many a good deed in our families and our wealth, for those who wish to capitalise.

Wallahu Waliyut Tawfeeq

Abu Hakeem

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The Day of ‘Mazeed’ (The Increase)

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu wa Salaamu ‘alaa Rasoolillahi Ammaa Ba’d: One of the brothers yesterday (27/12/2011) asked me about the authenticity of a beautiful hadeeth that he had come across in the book ‘Al Nihaaya’ (The Book of the end) page 702 – 704 (Daarus Salaam print) and asked whether i knew of its authenticity. It brought me joy when i discovered, after looking in the various sources of the hadeeth and sifting through the statements of the scholars of hadeeth, that Shaikh Al Albaani declared the hadeeth to be ‘Hasan li Ghairihi’, for it is a hadeeth that brings tears to the eyes, so i share the hadeeth with my brothers and sisters and i mention some observations upon the translation found in the daarus salaam version of the book: Upon the authority of Anas ibn Maalik who said: that the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu ‘Alaiihi wa Salam – “Jibreel – Alaihi Salaam – came to me and in his hand was a white mirror, upon it there was a black spot. I said what is this (refering to the mirror) Oh Jibreel? He said this is (the day of) Jumu’ah your lord presents it to you that it may be an eid for you and your people after you. You will be the first (i.e you and your nation will be the first to have their day of eid during the week) and the Jews and the christians will follow you (that is the following day is sabbath for the Jews on Saturday and the Christians day being Sunday). He (the prophet) said: What is there for us in it? He said: In it is Good for you! In it there is an hour if one supplicates to his lord for good that has been alloted to him, he will recieve it, or (supplicates for) something that has not been allotted to him, except that he will have preserved for him that which is greater than it. Or if he seeks refuge upon it from evil that was written to afflict him, then he is granted refuge. Or he seeks refuge from something that was not written for him, then he is granted refuge from an affair greater than it. So i said what is this black spot? He said: This is the hour (i.e the day of judgement) it will be established on a Jumu’ah. It is the leader of all the days with us, in the hereafter we will call it, ‘The day of ‘Mazeed’ (The increase) So i said: Why do you call it the day of ‘Mazeed’? he said: ‘Indeed your lord has taken a vast valley in Jannah made of white musk (In one version ‘Dunes of white musk’). On the day of Jumu’ah he decends from above the seven heavens until he is over the Kursee. He surrounds his Kursee with pulpits of light, then the prophets come and sit upon them. Then the pulpits are surrounded with chairs of gold and the martyrs and the truthful come and sit upon them. Then the People of Jannah will come and sit upon the dunes (of white musk), then their lord – Blessed and exalted be he – reveals himself to them and they look at his face. Then he says to them: “I am he who has been truthful in my promise to you, and perfected my favours upon you, This is the place of my ennoblement! Ask of me! So they ask him for his good pleasure, He says to them “It is My good pleasure that has caused you to enter my abode! and caused you to attain my ennoblement! So ask of me! So they ask of him until their desires are fulfilled. Then he opens up for them at that point what no eye has seen or ear has heard, and has not occured to the heart of any human being (this will continue) until the time that people turn away after jumu’ah. Then the Lord – Blessed and exalted be he – ascends over his Kursee and the prophets and the martyrs ascend with him) then the narrator mentions) I think he said: “And the Inhabitants (of Jannah) will return to their abodes which are made of unbroken pure white pearl having no taint or (made of) red ruby or green emerald. Their rooms and doors are made from it, its (Jannah) rivers flow within it continuously and its fruits hang low, they have within it their spouses and their servants. And they have no desire for anything more than they do the day of Jumu’ah, that they may increace in his ennoblement and that they may increase in looking at his face – Blessed and exalted be he – and for that reason it is called the day of ‘Mazeed’ (The Increase) (Collected by Al Bazaar in Kashful Astaar (1/254) and At Tabaraani in Al Awsat (2/314) Abu Nu’aym in ‘Siffatul Jannah’ (1/499) and Imaamul Aajurry in ‘Ash Sharee’ah (1/254) and declared ‘Hasan Li Ghairihi’ in ‘Saheeh targheeb’ (3761) A tremendous hadeeth that speaks of a tremendous gathering on a great day! As mentioned earlier this hadeeth is mentioned alongside another version of the hadeeth in the book An Nihaayah of Ibn Katheer. The second version mentions that the seats of the martyrs and the truthful have rubies and emeralds upon them and it also mentions that the friday is the day that Allah created adam and qiyaamah will be established upon it (this no doubt occurs in an authentic narration in muslim that establishes that). This second version of the hadeeth is collected by Imaamush shaafi’ee in his musnad with A very weak chain of narration. In its chain of narration are two problematic narrators, 1. Ibraheem ibn Muhammad who is declared ‘Matrook’ (Abandoned by the scholars of Hadeeth) 2. Musaa ibn Ubaida Ar Rabdhee who was declared ‘Dhaeef’ by the scholars of hadeeth Observations with the translation in the daarus salaam print There is an issue in the translation of the hadeeth in the english book that should be pointed out and that is that the translator mentions towards the end of the Hadeeth: “… then Allah Subhaanahu wa ta’alaa will acsend onto his kursee..” This statement has in it the implication that Allah ascends upon his kursee and not above his kursee which without doubt is an erroneous insinuation. Whether the translator intended that or not, due care and attention should be exercised in translating the likes of these ahaadeeth since this type of mistake has aqeedah related implications. Secondly he quoted the hadeeth upon the authority of Umair from Anas, while in actuality the Hadeeth was related by Ubaidullah Ibn Umair Thirdly there are a few places in the translation where parts of the hadeeth are missing or the translator writes (…) which i presume he does to indicate he didnt understand the words or the context in that segment of the hadeeth. These dots are usually used when there are parts missing from original manuscripts and are used usually to indicate ‘bayaadh’ or parts of an original manuscript that is unreadable or blank. Thus it would have been more befitting for the translator to mention that he didnt understand some words here or something to that effect rather than leaving the reader with the impression that something was missing from the hadeeth. In any case may Allah bless the brother that turned my attention to this tremendous narration and our great scholars of hadeeth who have serviced the sunnah of the messenger of Allah -Sallallahu alaihi was Sallam Wallahu A’lam Abu Hakeem Bilaal Ibn Ahmad Davis Www.twitter.com/abuhakeembilal

Angels that rise and descend with the rising and the setting of the Sun

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillah

Ammaa Bad:

Another example of an affair that takes place daily within the creation of Allah, among the aspects of creation that we do not see is that which the Messenger informed us of that occurs daily with the rising and setting of the sun.

Upon the authority of Abu Dardaa – May Allah be pleased with him – (who narrates) From the Messenger – Sallallahu ‘alahi wa salam who said:

The Sun does not rise, except that on either side of it there are two angels that make a call that is heard by everyone on earth except Mankind and the Jinn (Saying) “Oh Mankind! Come to your lord! That which is little and suffices is better than that which is plenty but distracts (from your lord). And it does not set except that on either side of it there are two angels that call, (Saying) Oh Allah! Give to the one that spends (in your way) a goodly substitute, and and give to the the one that withholds (from giving) destruction

(Collected by Ibn Hibbaan (3319) and Shaikh Al Albaani Declared it ‘Saheeh’ in ‘Dhilaal Al Jannah’ (975))

We benefit from this hadeeth a number of things:

1. Another one of the duties of the angels
2. The virtue of Satisfaction and sufficiency
3. The virtue of giving with sincerity
4. The blameworthy nature of witholding and not spending in the way of Allah
5. The Fitna of the dunya

Wallahu a’lam

The Salaf, their brotherly love for each other and advise concerning friendship

Bismillah Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa ba’d

After the end of the successful Birmingham Winter Conference 2011, and the feeling of brotherly love felt by all, we mention here something from the narrations of the salaf concerning how they loved each other for the sake of Allah and enjoyed each others company for indeed it is a great blessing that these feelings of love due to the Sunnah continues to be experienced by Ahlus Sunnah til this very day! Wa Lillahil Hamdu ‘Alaa Ni’amihi!

Upon the authority Abdah Bint Khalid who said: Khaalid Ibn Mi’daan would rarely lay down to sleep except that he would express his desire to see the messenger of Allah – Sallallahu ‘alaihi wa Salam – and his companions from the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar. Then he would name them (Khaalid ibn Mi’daan did not meet the Messenger but he did meet and take from companions, from the Abu Umaamah and others) and he would say: “They are my essence and a part of me, and my heart feels affection for them, I have long yearned to see them (Oh Allah) Hasten taking my soul” he would do so until sleep overcame him while he was saying that.

(Collected by Imaamudh Dhahabee in ‘Siyar ‘alaamun Nubalaa’ 4/539)

Al Qaasim ibn Muhammad: “Indeed Allah has placed in a Righteous dutiful friend that draws towards you, what he hasnt placed in a undutiful relative that turns away from you

(Collected by Imaamudh Dhahabi in ‘Siyar A’laamin Nubalaa’ 5/43)

Upon the authority of Ibnil Fudhail who said: “I went to visit Abu Ishaaq As Sabee’ee after he lost his sight. So I said: “Do you know who I am? He said: “Fudhail? So I said: “Yes!” So he said to me: “Verily, By allah I love you! and were it not for me being shy of you i would kiss you” then he pulled me to his chest (and hugged me) then said: “Al Ahwas narrated to me upon the authority of Abdullah who said  (concerning the statement of Allah) “If you were to give in Charity All that is on earth you would not be able to unite their hearts but Allah has united them” (Suratul Anfaal Vs 63) “This verse was revealed concering those who love each other (For the sake of Allah)”

(Collected by Imaamudh Dhahabi in ‘Siyar A’laamin Nubalaa’ 5/378)

Upon the authority of Imaamul Auwzaa’ee (who lived in Shaam, the area of Syria) who said: “Qataadah wrote to me from Basrah (Modern day Iraaq) saying: “Even though our lands have caused a separation between me and you, the uniting factor of Islaam brings us together

(Collected by Imaamudh Dhahabee in ‘Siyar A’laamin Nubalaa 7/121)

Upon the authority of Imaamush Shaafi’ee who said: “He is not your (true) brother if you need to use diplomacy with him

(Collected Imaamudh Dhahabee in ‘Siyar A’laamin Nubalaa 10/98)

Upon the authority of Imaamush Shaafi’ee also who said:” The sign of a (true), friend is that he is a friend to the friend of his friend

(Collected by Imaamudh Dhahabi in ‘Siyar A’laamin Nubalaa 10/99)

Upon the authority of Bashaar Ibn Moosaa Al Ijlee who said: “Tomorrow is a blessed appointment! Ibn Ma’een and I have a meeting!”

(Collected by Imaamudh Dhahabi in ‘Sityar A’laamin Nubalaa 10/582)

Yunus Ibn Abdil A’laa said: “I heard As Shaafi’ee say: Oh Yunus! Total refrainment from the people brings about their animosity, while freely mingling with them attracts evil companions, so be between total refrainment and free mingling

(Collected by Imaamudh Dhahabi in ‘Siyar A’laamin Nubalaa 10/89)

Yunus As Sadfi said: Imaamush Shaafi’ee said to me: “You have no means of safety from people (and in a version ‘pleasing all of the people is a goal you will not achieve) , so find those who are most beneficial to you and cling to them

(Collected by Imaamudh Dhahabi in ‘Siyar A’laamin Nubalaa 10/42)

Al Ma’moon said: “People are of three types:

1 – One that is like food, and are a necessity

2 – One that is like Medicine, one needs them during times of illness

3 – One that is like an illness, despicable in every circumstance”

(Collected By Imaamudh Dhahabi in ‘Siyar A’laamin Nubalaa 10/283)

Wallahu A’lam

Wa Sallallahu ‘alaa Nabiyinaa Muhammad

From the Benefits of the Sittings of Knowledge

Bismillah Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

Since many of our brothers are here in the Birmingham Dawra we remind of the following hadeeth that mentions one of the fruits of attending sittings of knowledge.

Upon the authority of Sahl Ibn Handhalah – Radhiyallahu ‘anhu who said: “The messenger of Allah – Sallallahu ‘Alaihi was Salam said: “A people do not sit together remembering Allah and then rise from their place of sitting, except that it is said to them: “Rise! For indeed Allah has forgiven your sins and has turned your evil deeds into good ones!”

(Collected by At Tabaraani and declared ‘Saheeh’ by Shaikh Albaani in ‘Saheehul Jaami’ (5610))

We ask Allah that he blesses all attendees with this khair

Wa Sallallahu Alaa Nabiyinaa Muhammad

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