Category Archives: Hadeeth

Addressing Anjem Choudhury: Part 1

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa B’ad:

Undoubtedly from the trials faced by the Muslims in the west, are those trials that the individual muslim undergoes, then there are the trials that occur at the hands of oppressors within the Ummah that are more general and affect more than the perpetrators themselves.

Allah the most high says:

And fear the affliction which affects not in particular those of you who do wrong (but it afflicts good and bad people)

(Suratul Anfaal Vs 25)

From the greatest examples of this type of trial is that which is witnessed by Muslims and non-Muslims in the west alike, being promoted by deviant khaariji individuals and groups.

Maybe one of the most bothersome for citizens of Great Britain is that which has come from Anjem Choudhury and his organisation.

In a relatively recent document produced by him and his group, we see various examples of his misrepresentation of Islaam, the Muslims in general and the Muslim creed, the like of which is harms Muslims before it harms anyone else.

Analysis of the document brings to light the Ignorance, destructive misunderstanding and at times the outright treachery, lies and deception of this individual and his group.

The reality then of this individual and his group is that they are nothing but another modern day manifestation of the prophesized khawaarij the messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi was Salam spoke of.

The Messenger of Allah mentioned as occurs in a hadeeth in Saheeh Al Bukhaari, the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed Al Khudree – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu wherein the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam described a people who were to come who would ‘..recite the Qur’aan but it will not go past their throats, they will pass through the religion the way an arrow passes through its game, they will kill the people of Islaam but leave the people of Idol worship..”

We see then that the Messenger mentioned that from their characteristics is that they will ‘kill the people of Islaam and leave alone the people of Idol worship’. Our scholars mention though, that the Khawaarij that succeeded this early band of khawaarij went on to kill muslims and non muslims alike. From the sects of khawaarij that have manifested there is a sect known as the ‘An-Najdaat’ which was from the earliest groups of the khawaarij, they began to view as lawful the blood of Ahludh Dhimma (non Muslims living under the Islamic state) as Shahrastaani states in Al Millali Wan Nihal (P124). Likewise another group known as the Sufriya deemed it permissible to indiscriminately kill Muslims and Non Muslims. Imaam Ibn Hazm states: “A group from among the Sufriya held it compulsory to kill whoever they were able whether Muslim or Non Muslim..” (Al Fisal 4/190). Thus their killing became indiscriminate not long after their initial appearance, and this trait has continued with them until the present day.

There is no doubt then, that what we all recently witnessed, from the brutal murder of lee Rigby in Woolwich London carried out by Khaariji Mujaahid (Michael) Adebolajo, was nothing but another manifestation of this very evil ideology. Regardless of how we feel about events in our countries the act was ‘Haraam’ and no one should feel that ‘it serves them right’ or they are now receiving ‘a taste of their own medicine’ for when has an act of haram ever been praiseworthy? Hajaaj bin Yusuf not only took life but he killed Sahabah yet it would have been Haraam for an individual to take it upon himself to kill him due to that.

From the well known groups of early khawaarij we have those who were known as the Qa’diyah. They were those who sat back (Qa’adoo) and encouraged others to revolt and kill and were from the most evil of them.

There is no doubt that in our time and country Anjem Choudhury is at the head of them (i.e The Qa’diyah) Thus when he was questioned about the Woolwich murder carried out by someone he had nurtured, he expressed that he was ‘Shocked’ by the murder but refused to condemn it. Any Muslim would have hastened to condemn the murder, if only on the basis that it was haram, but Amjem refuses to do so which of course implies tacit approval. And perhaps the only reason he was ‘shocked’ was due to the fact that he and his group have historically in the U.K been a group of ‘Qa’diyah’ it then perhaps shocked him that someone actually did something for once, though he clearly did not disapprove.

This then is the first part of a brief discussion of some of the points Anjem Choudhry makes in a relatively recent article him and his group produced called ‘Islamic Prevent’ wherein he states that which he holds every muslim, particularly those in the U.K should be maintain.

This Individual and his group have been responsible for bringing nothing but Fitnah, corruption, turmoil and hardship to our midst! Due to their actions brothers have been attacked, sisters abused and unveiled (or even made to strip in one case!) legislation affecting Muslims tightened, travel made difficult and sometimes humiliating, Articles, books and blogs written in ridicule of Islaam, the da’wah affected, Masaajid, The houses of Allah firebombed and burnt to the ground, and our elderly killed.  Will they then not reflect upon the blessing of peace and security mentioned in the book and the sunnah.

The Blessing of peace and security

There is no doubt that peace and security and public safety is indeed a great blessing. It is a blessing that is enjoyed by the rich, the poor, the young, and the old, both male and female. Even the creatures and animals benefit from it. By way of Allah blessing us with security we are able to establish the Salaah (Prayer), populate the Masaajid (Mosques),the Ulamaa and students of knowledge are free to bring benefit, Tawheed is established, good is enjoined, evil is prohibited, the bonds of kinship are easily maintained, the pathways are safe, students of knowledge are able to travel to obtain knowledge, oppression is repelled and the wealth, property, honour and blood of the people is protected.

And indeed Allah has warned us against Fitan (the plural of fitna lit: trials/afflictions) particularly the like of which encompass the people in general.

Allah the most high says: “And fear the fitna (trial/affliction)that does not affect the oppressor alone” (Suratul An’aam Vs 25)

that is it affects the oppressor and perpetrator of crime and other than him.

And indeed Allah the most high mentioned the affair of public security being from the reasons why they should establish worship to him alone as he is the one who as blessed them with it among other things.

Allah the most high says: “..We cause the (Quraish) caravans to set forth safe in winter and in Summer, so let them worship the lord of this house (the Ka’bah in Makka. (He) who has fed them in hunger and granted them safety from fear” (Suratul Quraish Vs 2-4)

Indeed the prophet of Allah has said: “Whoever wakes up in security with his herd (of cattle), healthy in his body, possessing sustenance for his day, then it is as though he has the whole world in its entirety as his possession” (Authentic: Collected by At Tirmidhi 2346)

When security has the station that it does, Abraham – Alaihis Salaam gave it precedence in the supplication that he made for the future inhabitants of Makka.

Allah the most high says: “And when Ibraaheem said “Oh my lord make this land (Makka) secure and provide sustenance for its people…”(Suratul Baqarah:126)

Similarly Islam with its various rulings and legislations has come to protect that which is known as the ‘Durooriyaatul khams’ (the five major major necessities that Islam has been sent to protect) namely: the religion, ones person, the intellect, the lineage and ones wealth) For indeed the affair of mankind in this world is as the messenger (saw) has informed us, resemblant to a ship that the people are in. Those on the lower deck of the ship intend to make a hole in the boat which will result in all of them sinking in the boat and so it is the duty of rest of those on board to stop them from their intent so as to save all of those aboard.

Therefore whosoever opens a door from the doors of fitan it is the duty of every Muslim to close it and to prevent that even if they intend good or feel these actions are justified. Thus what is ultimately looked at is the outcome of those actions and the path being followed and not the fact that the one who carries them out have good intent. For intent alone doth not a good action make.

Thus we will address some of the ideas of Anjem Choudhury and his group hoping this will highlight the evil of this man and his call.

I initially called it Addressing soundly, the corruption of Anjem Choudhury, his transgressions of the boundaries and his foolishness and floundery’ or alternatively ‘Addressing Anjem Choudhury’ and I ask Allah to make it sincerely for his face.

Wa Billahit Tawfeeq

Abu Hakeem

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The changing of the adhaan during difficult weather

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘alaa rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

A while ago one of my noble brothers requested from me the authentic wordings that the Messenger of Allah added to the adhaan during adverse weather.

After writing it for him on paper he suggested that I should perhaps produce it as a small article in order to make the benefit more general for all. Thus since we are now (in the UK) experiencing some severe cold weather, I saw that this would be a good enough time as any to respond to my brothers request, may Allah reward him with good.

Shaikh Al Albaani mentions in Ath thamar Al Musta’taab Vol 1 page 133-137:

If there is extreme cold or rain then he (the Mu’adhin) adds after his statement ‘Hayaa ‘alal Falaah, or after the adhaan itself ‘Saloo fee rihaalikum’ (pray in your abodes) or he says ‘Wa man Qa’ada fa laa Haraja ‘alaihi’ (he who remains at home then there is no harm upon him)

Shaikh Al Albaani then goes on to mention a number of narrations establishing this near abandoned sunnah.

From those ahaadeeth:

The Hadeeth of Ibn Abbaas that was narrated by Abdullah ibnil Haarith who mentioned:

Ibn Abbaas delivered a sermon to us on a rainy day. When the Mu’adhin reached (the statement) ‘Hayyaa ‘alas Salaah’ he (Ibn Abbaas) commanded him to call: ‘As Salaatu fir Rihaal’ ((establish) prayer in your abodes), so the people looked at each other, so he said: ‘This was done by one who is better than me (meaning the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam) and indeed it is Azmah (binding upon you)”

(Collected by Bukhaari (2/77-78) and Muslim (2/148))

(Trans: This narration was in reference to Jumuah as the following version makes clear)

Abu Daawood narrated it with the following wording:

“Ibn Abbaas said to his mu’adhin on a rainy day when you say I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah’ then do not say ‘Hayyaa ‘alas Salaah but say ‘Salloo fee Buyootikum’ (pray in your houses). Then it was as though the people disliked that so he said:This was done by one who was better than me. Indeed Jumuah is azmah (I.e Compulsory upon you when you hear the call to it) and I do not wish to cause you any harm due to you walking in mud and rain

This was also one of the versions collected by Bukhaari (2/307) and Muslim also Ibn Maajah collected a similar narration (300))

2. The hadeeth of Ibn Umar narrated by Naafi’

Ibn Umar called the adhaan on a cold night in (a place on the outskirts of Makkah known as) Dhajnaan then he said: ‘Saloo fee rihaalikum’ (Pray in your Homes) for indeed we were informed that the messenger of Allah used to command a mu’adhin to call his adhaan then say at the end of it ‘Alaa Saloo fee rihaalikum’ Will you not pray in your homes’ on a cold night or a rainy night while on a journey’

(Collected by Bukhaari (2/89-90) and muslim (2/147))

3. The narration of Amr Ibn Aws who said:

We were informed by a man from (the tribe of) Thaqeef that that he heard the prophets caller say (in his call) on a rainy night while they were upon a journey hayyaa ‘alas Salaah Hayaa ‘alal Falaah, Saloo fee rihaalikum’

(Collected by Nasaa’i (106-107) and Ahmad (5/373))

4. The Hadeeth of Nu’aym Ibn Nahhaam who said:

I heard the Mu’adhin of the prophet – Sallallahu alaihi was sallam on a cold night while I was between my sheets, and I wished he would say ‘Saloo fee rihaalikum’. So when he got to ‘hayaa ‘alal Falaah he said ‘ Saloo fee rihaalikum (pray in your abodes). I Later asked him (the mu’adhin) about that and he said the prophet – Sallallahu alaihi was sallam commanded him to do so

(Collected by Ahmad (4/320) the narrators of this isnaad are all narrators from the six books other than the sheikh that was not named, but the narration has a variant version with varying wording…)

5. Upon the authority of Nu’aym also who said:

“The call for the dawn prayer was made on a cold day and I was wrapped up in my wifes’ thick sheet. I said: If only he would say: ‘man qa’ada fa laa haraja alaihi’ (whosoever remains (at home) then there is no harm upon him) so the caller of the prophet announced at the end of his adhaan ‘Man Qa’ada fa laa haraja alaihi'”

(Collected by Ahmad 5/320)

The shaikh then mentions a version in the Mu’jam al Kabeer of Imaamut Tabaraani that mentions in it:

‘..so when he said ‘As Salaatu Khairan minan nawm’ he said (after it) wa man qa’ada fa laa haraj’ (whoever remains in their abode then there is no harm)

The Sheikh thereafter mentions an important note, he states:

Note: The second version of the first hadeeth indicates that the mu’adhin removes the hay’alatain (i.e the two statements ‘hayyaa ‘alas Salaah Hayyaa alal Falaah) and mentions in their place ‘As Salaatu Fir Rihaal’. This is a position that was held by some of the scholars of hadeeth, since Imaam Ibn Khuzaima, who was followed by imam Ibn Hibbaan then Imaam Al Muhib At Tabari (all) placed as a chapter heading upon this hadeeth ‘The removal of Hayaa ‘alas Salaah on a rainy day’. This is that which the hadeeth would necessitate, if only the narrations being raised and attributed to the messenger (himself) was apparent. If that was established then the mu’adhin would have the choice between removing it, due to this hadeeth or leaving it, due to the other ahaadeeth and Allah Knows best.

6. The Hadeeth of Abu Hurairah that states:

The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi was Salam used to, if it was a cold or rainy night, command his mu’adhin to call the first Adhaan then when he was finished he would call ‘As Salaatu Fir Rihaal’ or ‘Fee Rihaalikum

(Collected by Abu Ahmad Ibn Adi as was mentioned in ‘Tarhu Tathreeb fee sharhit Taqreeb’ of Al Haafidh Al Iraaqi 1/319 but he did not mention anything about its chain of narration)

From these ahaadeeth and this discussion of the Shaikh we conclude the following:

1. That due to the principle in the shar’iah of the alleviation of harm we have this ruling that establishes ease for the believers.

2. That the announcement is made during cold, difficult and/or rainy weather

3. That the announcement has a number of wordings all of them permissible to use and they are:

  1. ‘Saloo fee rihaalikum’ – (Pray in your abodes)
  2. ‘Saloo fir Rihaal’ – (Pray in the houses)
  3. ‘Alaa Saloo fir Rihaal’ – (Will you not pray in your abodes)
  4. ‘As Salaatu Fir Rihaal’ – (The prayer (will be established) in the abodes
  5. ‘Saloo fee buyootikum’ – (Pray in your houses)
  6. ‘Wa man Qa’ada Falaa Haraj’ – (and whoever remains (at home) then there is no harm)
  7. ‘Wa man Qa’ada falaa haraja alaihi– (and whoever remains (at home) then there is no harm upon him)

4 . That the call is made either after the statement ‘Hayaa ‘alal falaah’ or it is made at the end of the adhaan

5. That to remove the hay’alatain (I.e Hayaa ‘alas Salaah and Hayaa alal Falaah) and to replace them with this announcement, though it was held permissible by some of the scholars of hadeeth, it is not present in a narration attributed to the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam. Those who hold the position argue that the two terms are opposed to each other, so they hold that by virtue of the meaning of the wording, the call to come to salaah should be removed. The command to do so is authentically attributed to Ibn Abbaas – Radhiyallahu Anhumaa

6. The ease that is present in the Sunnah

May Allah grant us the tawfeeq to revive these near abandoned sunan of the Messenger – Sallallahu alahi was Sallam

Wallahu A’lam

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Ahaadeeth that are popular, Widespread and Weak (Part 4 – Concerning Ramadhan and fasting)

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu Alaa Rasoollillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

Ramadhaaniyaat: Ahaadeeth concerning Ramadhaan and fasting

In continuing with this series we mention here ahaadeeth connected to Ramadhaan. Every ramadhaan in sermons, lectures and articles there are a number of oft repeated claims made concerning this blessed month, hopefully the origin of some of these claims will become clearer with these brief articles. Whatever is established by other texts will be indicated inshallah.

Upon the authority of Abu Huraira – Radhiyallahu anhu who said that the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Wa Salam said:

The beginning of Ramadhaan is mercy, its middle is forgiveness, and its end sees (the) freedom (of individuals) from the fire

Ruling: Dha’eef Jiddan (Very weak)

(Collected by Ibn Abi Dunya in ‘Fadhaa’ilu shahri Ramadhaan’ (37), and declared ‘Dha’eef Jiddan by Shaikh AlAlbaani in ‘Ad dha’eefah’ (4/1569))

Upon the authority of Anas Ibn Maalik who said:

When (the month of) Rajab would enter (upon us) he (the prophet – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam) used to say:

“Allahumma Baarik lanaa fee Rajabin Wa Sha’baan wa Balighnaa Ramadhaan (Oh Allah bless us in Rajab and sha’baan and bring us to Ramadhaan)”

Ruling: Dha’eef (Weak)

(Collected by Ibn Abi Dunya in ‘Fadhaa’ilu Shahri Ramadhaan (1) and Ibn Asaakir and declared ‘Dha’eef’ by Shaikh Al Albaani in Dha’eeful Jaami’ (4395))

Upon the authority Abdullah Ibn Abi Aufaa who said that the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam said:

The sleep of the fasting person is worship, and his silence is tasbeeh (glorifying Allah) and his actions are multiplied, his supplications are answered and his sins are forgiven

Ruling:Maudoo’ (Fabricated)

(Collected by Al Khalaal in ‘Al Amaali’ (46) and declared ‘Dha’eef’ by Shaikh Al Albaani in ‘Dha’eef Al Jaami’ (5972)) and ‘Maudoo’ in ‘Dha’eefah (4696))

Upon the authority of Abu Huraira who said that the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi wa Salam who said:

Fast!, and become healthy

Ruling: Dha’eef (Weak)

(Collected by Ibn Sunni and Abu Nu’aym and declared ‘Dha’eef’ by Sh Al Albaani in Dha’eeful Jaami’ (3504))

Upon the authority of Bilal ibnil Haarith who said that the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam who said

Ramadhaan in Madeenah is better than Ramadhaan in any other place

Ruling: Baatil (False hadeeth)

(Collected by At Tabaraani 1/111/2 and Ibn Asaakir 8/510/2 and declared ‘Baatil’ by Sh Naasir in ‘Ad Dha’eefah (831))

Upon the authority Anas Ibn Maalik – Radhiyallahu anhu who said the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam said:

Indeed Allah revealed to his angels who record the deeds of the servants, do not record any of the evil deeds of my fasting servants after Asr

Ruling: Baatil (False hadeeth)

(Collected by Al Khateeb Al Baghdaadi in ‘At Taareekh’ (6/124) and declared ‘Baatil’ by Imaamud daaraqtni and Sh Al Albaani in ‘Ad Dha’eefah (6580))

Upon the authority Abu Huraira who said the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam:

Everything has its zakaat, and the zakaat of the body is fasting, for fasting is half of patience

Ruling: Dha’eef (Weak)

(Collected by Ibn Maajah (1745) and declared ‘Dha’eef’ by Sha Al Albaani in ‘Dha’eef At Targheeb 579))

Wallahu a’lam

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From the benefits of fasting

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salāmu ‘alaa Rasūlillahi

Ammā Ba’d

Indeed the great act of worship, fasting, has been prescribed upon this ummah just as it was prescribed upon the previous nations. Allah the most high prescribed it upon us for many great benefits.

From the greatest of its benefits the attainment of piety

Allah the most high informs us (the meaning of which):

Oh you who believe! Fasting has been prescribed upon just as it was prescribed upon those who came before you that perhaps you may receive piety

(Suratul Baqarah Vs

Likewise from the benefits of fasting, the development of Sabr (patience). Since fasting itself is an exercise in patience, it requires patience and it develops patience and due to it, one receives the reward of the patient!

Allah the most high states (the meaning of which):

Indeed the patient will receive their reward without measure

(Suratuz Zumar Vs 10)

From its benefits is that it is from the things that expiates ones wrong-doings related to his family wealth children and neighbours

Upon the authority of Hudhaifa who said the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

The wrongdoings of an individual related to his family, his wealth, himself and his children are expiated by fasting, prayer , charity and enjoining the good and forbidding the evil

(Collected by Bukhāri and Muslim)

From the benefits of fasting is that preparing for it earns a person the good mention of Allah and the supplications of the Angels

Indeed Allah mentions his servant in the gathering of the heavens and the angels supplicate for those who take the pre-dawn meal

(Collected by Ibn Hibbān and At Tabarāni in ‘Al Awsat’ and declared ‘Hasan’ by Shaikh Al Albāni in Sahīhul Jāmi’ (1844))#

From the benefits of fasting is that the fasting person is distanced from the fire and has a trench distancing him from the fire due to it

Upon the authority of ‘Uqbah Ibn ‘Aamir wo said the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

Whoever fasts a day for the sake of Allah, then Allah distances him from Jahannam the distance of one hundred years

(Collected by Nisā’i and declared ‘Hasan’ by Shaikh Albāni in ‘Sahīhul Jāmi’ (6330))

Upon the authority of Abu Umāmah who said the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

Whoever fasts a day for the sake of Allah, Allah will make a trench between him and the hellfire like the distance between the heavens and the earth

(Collected by At Tirmidhi and declared ‘Sahīh’ by Shaikh Al Albāni in As Sahīhah (563))

From the benefits of fasting is that the one who dies while fasting enters Jannah

Upon the authority of Hudhaifa – Radhiyallahu ‘anhu who said that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

“Whosoevers’ final deed is a days fast will enter Jannah

(Collected by Ahmad in his Musnad and Ibn Shāhīn and others and declared ‘Sahīh’ by Shaikh Al Albāni in Sahīhul Jāmi’ (6224))

In Jannah it will be said to those who used to fast ‘Eat and drink!’

Allah the most high says regarding that which the people of Jannah will be told (the meaning of which):

Eat and drink at ease for that which you have sent on before you in days past!”

(Suratul Haqqah Vs 24)

Mujāhid and others from the scholars of tafseer-Rahimahumullah said:

This was revealed concerning people who used to fast

(See Fathul Qadīr 5/284)

From its benefits is that the fragrance of the mouth of the fasting person smells sweeter than musk to Allah

Upon the authority of Abu Huraiah who said that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

By him is whose hands is the soul of Muhammad the fragrance of the breath of the fasting person smells sweeter to Allah on the day of Judgement than the fragrance of musk.”

(Collected by Muslim (2762))

From the benefits of fasting is the two periods of joy the fasting person receives

Upon the authority of who said that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

The fasting person has two occasions of joy! One when he breaks his fast and one when he meets his lord

(Collected by Muslim (2762)

Alongside the many other benefits fasting brings from, from nurturing the believer upon suppressing his desires for the sake of Allah, reminding him of the state of those less well off than him, those who regularly experience hunger and other health related benefits. Thus all praise is due to Allah who has guided us to the most noble of actions, Wa lillhil hamdu wal minah!  

Was Sallallahu ‘alaa Nabiyinā Muhammad

Abu Hakeem

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From the rulings of Fasting – 1

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d

The following are some basic rulings related to fasting.

The Pillars of Fasting

1. The Niyyah

From the issues related to all acts of worship, that which if it is absent then the act of worship is null and void, the Niyyah (intention)

Fasting like all other acts of worship must have the Niyyah of the worshipper to perform the action for the sake of Allah. As is the case with all other acts of worship the place of the niyaah is the heart, in no act of worship is the niyyah uttered.

Allah the most high mentions (the meaning of which):

Say: Do you inform Allah concerning your religion? While Allah knows all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, and Allah is All-aware of everything

(Suratul Hujuraat Vs 16)

The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam also said:

Whosoever does not have the intention (to fast) before fajr, then he has no fast

(Collected by Abu Dawood upon the authority of Hafsah – Radiyallahu ‘Anhaa) 7/122 and it is declared ‘Saheeh’ by shaikh Al Albaani in Saheehul Jaami’ (6538)

One should have the niyyah to fast the whole of ramadhaan and not just certain days.

2. That one avoids the Muftiraat (things that break ones fast) from the beginning of the true fajr until sunset.

Allah the most high Mentions (the meaning of which):

“..And eat and drink until the white thread (of dawn) appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night).Then complete your fast until nightfall..”

(Suratul Baqarah Vs 187)

By ‘true fajr’ I mean the beginings of the light of dawn that spreads across the horizon and not the false fajr which is light that stretches up into the sky

The Muftiraat (Things that break the fast)

There are six main things that break ones fast:

1 and 2. Eating and drinking

Except that a person does so out of forgetfulness in which case there is no expiation upon him.

The Messenger – Sallallahu ‘alaihi Was Salam Said:

Whoever forgets while he is fasting and eats or drinks then let him complete his fast for indeed it was Allah who fed him or gave him drink

(Collected by Muslim 1155)

It is permissable though to complete ones suhoor meal, even if completing it takes one past the time of fajr, on the basis of the statement of the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam:

If one of you hears the call (to prayer) and the vessel is in his hand, then he should not put it down until he has taken his need from it

(Collected by Abu Dawood and authenticated by Sh Al Albaani in ‘Saheeh Abi Dawood 2/447)

3. Intentional vomitting

Though if he is overcome by vommiting there is nothing upon him

The Messenger _ Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam said:

Whosoever is overcome by vomitting then there is no need to make the fast up, and he who makes himself vomit intentionally must make it up

(Collected by Tirmidhi 716 and declared ‘Saheeh’ By Shaikh Al Albaani in ‘Saheehul Jaami’)

4 and 5. Menses and Post-Natal bleeding

6. Sexual Relations (specifically intercourse)

The expiation of which is a heavy expiation and that is two months consecutive fasting

Upon the authority of Abu Hurairah Indeed we were sitting with the Prophet when a man came to him and said: “Oh Messenger of Allah I am destroyed! He said “What is wrong with you?” He responded: “I have had relations with my wife while fasting! So the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu alaihi was Salam said to him: “Are you able to free a slave?” He said: “No” He said: “Are you able to fast for two consecutive months?” he said: ” No” he said “Then are you able to feed sixty poor people?” he said “No” then while we were there someone came and gave a weight of dates to the messenger – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam so he said: “Where is the questioner?” So he said: “Here I am” He said take these and give them in charity” He said: “Should it be upon a family that is poorer than mine Oh Messenger of Allah? For there is not between the two areas of volcanic rock (referring to the two boundaries of Madinah) a household that is poorer than mine!” At which point the Messenger laughed until his incisors could be seen then he said: “Feed your family with it

(Agreed Upon)

In one version collected by Abu Dawood (2376 and declared ‘Saheeh’ By Shk Albaani in ‘Saheeh Abi Daawood (2096)) It mentions that the weight of dates was fifteen Saa’ and the Messenger mentioned “You and your family may consume it and fast a day and seek forgiveness from Allah

It should be known that what is commonly practiced by many, known as the fifteen minute precaution, where they consider the end of suhoor time fifteen minutes before its true end, the suhoor meal is consequently ended fifteen or so minutes before fajr, and at which point fasting ultimately begins for them, is an innovation.

Al Haafidh Ibn Hajr mentions: (after discussing the narration of ‘Amr ibn Maymoon collected by Abdur Razaaq As San’aani in his Musanaf ‘The companions of the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam were the quickest of the people to break the fast and the slowest in taking their Suhoor meal’)

From the evil innovations, is that which has been brought about in this time, from the second adhan of fajr being called some twenty minutes before fajr during ramadhaan, and putting the lanterns out as a sign that eating and drinking is not permissable for those who wish to fast. Claiming that this is for the purpose of taking precaution with this act of worship. This practice has lead them to delay calling the adhaan of maghrib by good a measure to ‘ensure the time has entered’. Thus they have delayed breaking the fast and finished the dawn meal before its time, and in doing so, have opposed the sunnah. For this reason we see little good coming from them and much evil among them. Wallahul Musta’aan

(Fathul Baari 4/199)

Wallahu a’lam

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Does the menstruating woman make wudhu before sleep?

Bismillahi wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillah

Ammaa Ba’d:

I was asked about this issue earlier today thus i share this benefit. Concerning this issue the scholars have a number of statements. Their statements revolve firstly around the fact that the Messenger Sallallahu alaihi was salam used to make Wudhu while in a state of Janaaba.

Upon the authority of Abu Salamah who said: “I asked Aaisha -Radhiyallahu anhaa Did the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi was Salam sleep while Junub? She said: “Yes! and he would make Wudhu

(Collected by Bukhaari (282))

Upon the authority of Aaisha – Radhiyallahu anhaa “The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam when he was in a state of ritual impurity, and he intended to eat or sleep then he would make wudhu like his wudhu for salaah

(Collected by Muslim (305))

As far as this wudhu is concerned, the scholars hold that it is done for the purpose of ‘Lightening’ the Janaaba (state of ritual impurity) of the person who is Junub

After mentioning some of the ahaadeeth that indicate the issue, Al Haafidh Ibn Rajab mentions in his ‘Fathul Baari’ (not that of Al Haafidh Ibn Hajr) (1/358):

The ahaadeeth mentioned in the chapter, indicate that the wudhu of the person who is junub (in a state of ritual impurity) ‘lightens’ his state of janabah

That is there is nothing that prevents him from being completely pure, except him making ghusl, and what is correct is that the woman is the same as the man in that regard.

With that being the case, the question that arises is, is the menstruating woman the same as the man or woman in a state of Janaabah?

What is correct is that she isn’t, due to the fact that she has a continual flow of blood that she would not become pure from even if she made ghusl.

Thus her having a ghusl would not put her in a state of tahaarah, while the man or woman in a state of janaabah IS purified with Ghusl and similarly, if they make wudhu their state is lightened.

With the exception of one woman, and that is the woman whos’ menses has ended but she has not yet made ghusl to purify herself, this woman is benefitted by wudhu if she intends to sleep in that state.

Al Haafidh ibn Hajr mentions the statement of Ibn Daqeeq al eid -Rahimahullah who said

Ash Shaafi’ee has stated that this is not for the menstruating woman (i.e. to make wudhu before sleep), because if she were to make ghusl it would not remove her state of impurity, while that is not the case with one who is junub, but if her flow of blood ceases, then that is permissable for her

(Fathul Baari 1/395)

Imaamun Nawwawi has a similar statement in his explanation of Muslim he states (3/218):

Our companions (i.e. the scholars of the Shaafi’ee madhab) are united upon the fact that it is not desirable for the woman in a state of menses or post-natal bleeding to make wudhu (i.e. before sleep) because wudhu will have no effect upon her state of impurity, but if her menses ends then she becomes like the one who is Junub.

Wallahu a’lam

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Be successful!, Hold your tongue!

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

The following are some texts (some popular, while others may not be so) concerning the virtues of holding the tongue and guarding it. A noble mannerism that is near abandoned in our time, though there is still hope for some…

Upon the Authority of Abu Huraira – Radhiyallahu Anhu – who said the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi was Salam said:

Whosoever believes in Allah and the last day then let him say that which is good or remain silent!”

(Agree upon by Bukhaari (5785) and Muslim (47))

Upon the authority oh Al Hasan al Basri who said that the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam said:

May Allah have mercy upon a servant who speaks, and thereby gains a profit (ie he uttered something that earned him reward) or remains silent and safe

(collected in musnad As Shihaab (581) and though it is ‘Mursal’ (which is when a taabi’ee narrates from the messenger – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam) it is declared ‘Hasan’ by Shaikh Al albaani in ‘Saheehul Jaami’ (3497) and ‘Saheehah’ (855) (due to supporting ahadeeth))

The following version of the hadeeth brings clarity to this hadeeth:

Upon Ubaadah bin Saamit – Radhiyallahu Anhu that the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam said:

Speak good and you will gain (reward) and refrain from evil speech and you will be safe

(Musnad As Shihaab (666) and declared Saheeh’ by Shaikh Al Albaani in Saheehul Jaami’ (4419)

Upon the authority of Abdullah Ibn Amr – Radhiyallahu Anhumaa who said that the Messenger of Allah said:

He who remains silent will be successful

(Collected by At Tirmidhi (2501) and declared ‘Saheeh’ by shaikh Al Albaani)

Upon the authority of Simaak who said:

“I said to Jaabir Ibn Samurah ‘Did you used to sit with the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam? He said: “Yes! Indeed He used to be given to long periods of silence, and would laugh little. His companions used to mention poetry and would discuss their affairs in his presence and they would laugh and he would probably smile

(Collected by Ahmad in his Musnad (20829) and declared ‘Hasan’ in saheehul Jaami’ (4822))

The following are some of the statements of the Salaf concerning the issue

Talha Ibn Ubaidillah said I happened to embark upon a ship alongside Imaam Ahmad and (I noticed) he had long periods of silence, but when he did speak he said: “Oh Allah cause me to die upon Islaam and the Sunnah!”

(collected by Khateebul Baghdaadi in Taareekhul Baghdaad (9/349))

Upon the authority of Imaam Al Awzaa’ee who said:

Sulaimaan Ibn Daawood alaihis Salaam said: “If speech was made of silver, then silence would be golden!”

(Collected by Ibn Abi dunya in ‘As Samt’ (47))

Muwwarraq Al Ijli – Rahimahullah said: “There is an affair that I have been seeking for ten years that I haven’t achieved yet and I will never leave alone seeking it!” they said: “and what is that Oh Abu Mu’tamir? He said “To remain silent about what does not concern me!”

(Collected by Ibn Abi Shaiba (35144))

Upon the authority of Wuhaib Ibnil Warad – Rahimahullah – who said: “It used to be said that wisdom is in ten parts, nine of them are connected to silence while the tenth is in seclusion from the people

(Collected by Ibn Abi Dunya in ‘As Samt (36))

Upon the authority of Ali – Radhiyallahu Anhu who said: “The tongue of mankind is like the pen of a king and his saliva is its ink

(Collected by Ibn Abi Dunya ‘As Samt’ (79))

Upon the authority of Abdullah ibn Amr – Radhiyallahu anhumaa who said: “Leave alone that which has nothing to do with you whatsoever,and do not speak about what does not concern you, and guard your tongue as you would guard silver!”

(Collected by ibn Abi Dunya in ‘As Samt’ (24))

Upon the authority of Al Hasan al Basri – Rahimahullah who said: “He who is plenty in wealth is plenty in sin (ie usually), and he whos speech is plentiful, lies plentifully and he whose character is bad (only) punishes himself!

(Collected by Ibn Abi Dunya in ‘As Samt’ (9)

Upon the authority of Ibn Mas’ood – Radhiyallahu anhu who said: “By he who there is no god other than him! There is nothing on the earth more in need of being imprisoned than the tongue!”

(Collected by Ibn Abi Dunya in ‘As Samt’ (16))

Wallahu A’lam

Was Sallallahu ‘alaa nabiyyinaa Muhammad

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Ahaadeeth that are popular, widespread and weak (Part 3)

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

In continuing with this series concerning popular weak ahaadeeth:

16. Upon the authority of Ibn Umar who made wudhu and wiped his neck then said (attributing his statement to the messenger – Sallallahu alaihi Wa Sallam

Whoever makes wudhu and wipes his neck will not be bound with collars on the day of judgement

Ruling: Fabricated – Collected by Abu Nu’aym in akhbaar Asbahaan 2/115 and declared ‘Fabricated by Shaikh Al Albaani in Ad Dha’eefah 2/167 Number 744

17.Wiping the eyes with ones index fingers when hearing ‘Ash hadu an Laa ilaaha ilallah…and the that one who does so will have the right to the intercession of the messenger – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Sallam

Ruling: Not Authentic

(Collected by Ad Dailami In ‘Musnadul Firdous upon the authority of ibn Umar and it is declared: ‘Not Authentic by shaikh Al Albaani in ‘Ad Dha’eefah’ 72)

18. “Salaah in a turban is equivalent to 10,000 good deeds

Ruling: Fabricated

(it was mentioned by As Suyooti in ‘Dhail Al Ahaadeeth Al Maudoo’ah’ (111) and declared ‘Fabricated’ by Shaikh Al Albaani in ‘Ad Dha’eefah 129)

19. “Be plentiful in saying ‘Laa ilaaha illallah’ during funerals

Ruling: Da’eef  (weak)

(Collected by Ad Dailami (1/1/32) upon the authority of Ibn Umar and declared ‘Dha’eef’ by Shaikh Al Albaani in Adh’Dha’eefah 2881)

20. “Whoever visits the grave of his parents or one of them every friday will have his sins forgiven and will be written as one who was dutiful to his parents

Ruling: Fabricated

(Collected by At Tabaraani in ‘As Sagheer’ (199) upon the authority of Abu Hurairah and declared ‘Fabricated’ By Shaikh Al Albaani in Ad Dha’eefah (49)

21. “Be plentiful in the rememberance of Allah until it is said about you ‘Majnoon! (Deranged!)

Ruling: Dha’eef

(Collected by Haakim 1/499) and declared ‘Dha’eef’ By shaikh Al Albaani in Ad Dha’eefah 517)

22. “Whenever he – Sallallahu alaihi Was Sallam – would cut his hair, trim his nails or blood cup he would have it sent to the baqee’ (graveyard in Madina) and have it buried

Ruling: Baatil (False)

(Mentioned by Ibn Abi Haatim (2/337) and declared ‘False’ by shaikh Al Albaani in Ad dha’eefah 713)

23. “He – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Sallam – used to eat with the whole of his palm

Ruling: Munkar (Conflicting). (‘Munkar’ is hadeeth terminology for a hadeeth that opposes an authentic hadeeth and has in its chain of transmission, a weak narrator)

(Collected by Al Uqaili in Ad Dhu’afaah 4/90 and declared ‘Munkar By Shaikh Al Albaani in Ad Dha’eefah (6225) he also mentioned it in number 1202 and declared it ‘Fabricated’)

24. “The Messenger of Allah did not used to raise his hands until he finished from Salaah (i.e. other than the initial Takbeer)

Ruling: Dha’eef (Weak)

(Collected by At Tabaraani in ‘Mu’jamul Kabeer 3/211/1 who mentions his chain going back to Abdullah ibn Zubair who saw a man raising his hands in Salaah before finishing his Salaah, then when he finished praying he said “The Messenger of Allah did not used to…” Shaikh AlAlbaani declared it weak in Ad Dha’eefah 2544 due to the presence of Fudhail Ibn Sulaimaan An Numairi who the majority of he Imaams of hadeeth declare a weak narrator)

25. The Messenger raised his hands after giving salaam (from Salaah) and while (still) facing the qibla and made dua that Allah frees Waleed Ibnil Waleed, ‘Iyaash ibn abi Rabee’ah, Salamah Ibn Hishaam and the (other) weak defenseless muslims from the Mushrikeen. Those who are unable to devise a plot or direct their way, from the hands of the mushrikeen

Ruling: Munkar

(Collected by Bazaar (3172) Shaikh Al Albaani after mentioning the hadeeth in ‘Ad Dha’eefah and discusses the presence of the weak narrator Ali Ibn Zaid ibn Jud’aan in its chain then he mentions:

The conclusive statement then is that nothing is established upon the messenger – Sallallahu Alahi was sallam – regarding him raising his hands after Salaah. As far as the affair of the Imaam making Du’a and those behind him saying ameen! after the prayer as is customary practice today in many Islamic countries then it is a bid’ah (innovation ) having no origin..” (See ‘Ad Dha’eefah 6/57-60)

Wallahu a’lam

Was Sallallahu ‘alaa Nabiyinaa Muhammad

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Love for the poor is from Imaan!

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

Someone had requested from me to mention the hadeeth containing this du’aa of the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu ‘alaihi Was Salam, so I mention the text here for general benefit, since the hadeeth itself is tremendous!.

Upon the authority of Ibn Abbaas – Radhiyallahu Anhu who said: the messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi was salam said:

My lord came to me tonight (while asleep) in the most beautiful form! And said:

Do you know what those in the highest gathering are arguing about? So I said: “No” so he placed his hand between my shoulders until I felt the coolness of his hand (and in a version ‘His fingertips’) between my breast then I was acquainted with knowledge of that which is in the heavens and that which is on the earth. So He said: “Oh Muhammad! (Now) do you know what the highest gathering are arguing about? So I said:

“Yes! (They are arguing) concerning that which expiates sins and that which raises one in level!

(As for) the expiations (then they are):

(1) “to remain in the masjid after the prayers,

(2) To walk, by foot to the congregational prayers and,

(3) Perfecting ones wudhu in difficult conditions (i.e. cold etc.)

So he said: You have spoken the truth Oh Muhammad! And whosoever does so, lives upon good and dies upon good, and is purified from his sin like the day his mother gave birth to him!.

And he said: “Oh Muhammad! When you pray you should say:

اللهم إني أسألك فعل الخيرات و ترك المنكرات و حب المساكين و أن تغفر لي و ترحمني و تتوب علي و إذا أردت بعبادك فتنة فاقبضني إليك غير مفتون

“Oh Allah! I ask you (to bestow upon me) the performance of good deeds, and (to bestow upon me) the abandonment of evil acts, (to instil within me) love for the poor, and that you forgive me and have mercy upon me and accept my repentance, and if you intend to put your servants under an affliction, then take me to you without putting me under trail!

(Allahumma Innee as’aluka Fi’lal Khairaat, Wa tarkal Munkaraat, wa Hubal Masaakeen, wa an taghfiralee, wa tarhamanee, wa tatooba alaiyya, wa idhaa aradta bi ‘ibaadika fitnah, faqbidnee ilaika ghaira maftoon)

And as for that which raises one in levels (then it is):

(1) To spread salaam

(2) To make food (for the people)

(3) And to pray by night when the people are asleep”

(Collected by Imaam Ahmad in his ‘Musnad’and by ‘Abd ibn Humaid’ and declared ‘Saheeh’ by shaikh Al Albaani in Saheehul Jaami’ 59 and ‘As Saheehah 3169)

In this hadeeth we have that which is established by the ulamaa of Ahlus Sunnah concerning the affirmation of the Messenger seeing Allah in his sleep and that this is something established as Shaikhul Islaam has mentioned in various places in his writings. He also mentions that this is accepted by all sects excluding the Jahmiyah.

Ibn Abdil Barr Mentions in ‘At Tamheed 24/325: His statement in this hadeeth: “..I saw my lord..” the meaning of this with the people of knowledge is in a dream wallahu a’lam

Al Haafidh Ibn Rajab explained this hadeeth in possibly the lengthiest explanation of the hadeeth of any of the past scholars, and he mentioned numerous benefits related to it from them:

  • That everything the messenger has described his lord with is the truth and it is compulsory to believe in it without likening Allah to his creation
  • In it is an evidence of the nobility of the prophet -Sallallahu alaihi wa salam and one of his virtues and that is him being taught the knowledge of that which is in the heavens and earth (except of course the five things that only Allah knows. Allah mentions: “And with him are the keys of the unseen, none knows them except He. He knows whatever is in (or on) the earth and in the sea: not a leaf falls, but he knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry but it is written in a clear record” Suratul An’aam Vs 59) just as Ibraaheem was shown the dominion of the heavens and the earth (as occurs in suratul An’aam “Thus did we show Ibraaheem the kingdom of the heavens and the earth that he may be of those who have faith with certainty” Suratul An’aam Vs 75)
  • In it is evidence that the highest gathering, and they are the angels’, debate among themselves
  • It also indicates the virtue of the six affairs mentioned in the hadeeth since the gathering of Allahs angels have debated among themselves concerning them!
  • The ‘difficult conditions’ mentioned in the hadeeth has been explained to mean extreme cold
  • That walking to the masjid is better than taking transport
  • The majority of the scholars hold that the things mentioned in the hadeeth expiate minor sins and not major sins
  • That the intent behind ‘remaining in the masjid after the prayers’, is for the purpose of waiting for the next prayer, though he mentions that the hadeeth includes those who remain behind for the purpose of remembering Allah, to read, to listen to knowledge or to teach knowledge

That to have love for the poor has its basis in loving for the sake of Allah, because the poor do not possess from the dunyah that which would necessitate loving them (that is as it relates to most people) so they are (ordinarily) not loved except for the sake of Allah

Wallahu A’lam

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Advice to Abu Dharr – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi
Ammaa Ba’d

After delivering the Friday sermon this last week (1/6/2012) and the previous week (25/5/2012) in the discussion of the beautiful and lengthy hadeeth of Abi Dharr Al Ghifaari Radhiyallahu Anhu who was advised by the messenger – Sallallahu Alaihi wa salam after asking him numerous questions, some of my beloved brothers (May Allah reward them) requested that I send the hadeeth out for benefit.

As I mentioned in the sermon, some parts of the hadeeth are saheeh, some parts hasan and some Da’eef (weak). For benefit I will mention firstly the authentic (whether saheeh or hasan) parts of the hadeeth as one text so that the reader benefits from the flow of the text, then I will follow that up by mentioning which parts are Saheeh and hasan and I will also add the da’eef sections of the hadeeth (in red) as they occur in the original text, that the reader may be aquainted with it, quoting in that regard, the rulings of Shaikh Al Albaani upon it.

Thus here is the text of the Hadeeth and I ask Allah that he benefits my brothers and sisters with it.

Upon the authority of Abi Dharr – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu – who said: “I entered the masjid (on an occassion) and found The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam sitting alone. He said (to me): “Oh Abaa Dharr! Indeed the masjid has a greeting and its greeting is to pray two rak’ah so stand and pray them.”

He (Abu Dharr) said: “So I stood and I performed them”

Then I returned and sat with him and said: “Oh Messenger of Allah!, Indeed you have commanded me with Salaah, so what is Salaah?

He said: “The best (act of worship) sent down! So perform much of it or little! (meaning the choice is yours but the more of its ‘legislated’ forms you perform the better)

He said (Abu Dharr): “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Which action is best?

He said: “To have belief in Allah and to make Jihaad in his way

He said: ” I said “Oh Messenger of Allah! Which of the believers is most complete in Faith?

He said: “The one that has the best character

So I said: ” Which of the believers has the best Islam

he said:”The one who the people are safe from his tongue and his hand

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah which Salaah is best?

He said “The one that has the longest standing (I.e for recitation)

So I said Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which migration is best?

He said:”The one that migrates from evil deeds

He said:” I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah then what is fasting?

He said: “A compulsory action that one is rewarded for, and with Allah the reward is many times multiplied

He said: “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which Jihad is best?

He said: “The one in which ones riding beast is injured and his (i.e. the warriors) blood is spilt

He said: “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which charity is best?

He said: “The (Charitable) effort of the one who has little, given secretly to the poor

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! then what is the greatest of that which Allah has sent down to you?

He said: “Aayatul Kursi

I said: ” Oh Messenger of Allah! How many were the messengers?

He said: “Three hundred and thirteen, a large amount

He said: I said: ” Oh Messenger of Allah! who was the first of them?

He said: ” Aadam – Alahis salaam

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! was he a prophet that was sent?

He said: “Yes! Allah created him with his hand, then blew his spirit into him, and spoke to him directly!

The intelligent person, as long as his mind has not been overcome (i.e. by mental illness) should have (a number of) periods. A period wherein he calls upon his lord, a period wherein he takes account of himself, a period wherein he reflects upon the creation of Allah and a period that he spends seeking his needs from food and drink.

Likewise the intelligent person should avoid travel except for three reasons, (to gain) provisions for the hereafter, seeking his livelihood or taking enjoyment in that which is not prohibited.

it is like wise upon the intelligent person to have insight into his era, to proceed towards his affair (i.e. to head diligently towards the affairs that benefit him) and to guard his tongue. And whosoever evaluates his speech in comparison to his actions, will speak little except in that which concerns him.

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! What were the scrolls of Musaa?

He said: “They were all lessons (and admonitions).

I am amazed at the one who is certain of death then he is happy. And I am amazed at the who is certain of the (presence) of the fire then he laughs, and I am amazed at the one who is certain of pre-decree (concerning that which has been allotted to him) then he wears himself out. And I am amazed at the one who sees this world, and how affairs change for its people then he is tranquil within it. And I am amazed at the one who has certainty that the reckoning is tomorrow yet he doesnt act

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! advise me!

He said: “I advise you with the fear of Allah, for indeed it is the pinnacle of all affairs.

I said: “Oh messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Cling to reciting the Qur’aan and the remembrance of Allah, for indeed it is light for you in the life of this world and it is preserved for you in the heavens

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Be aware of laughing excessively, for indeed it kills the heart and removes light from the face

I said: “Oh messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Make jihad, since it is the monasticism of my Ummah” (meaning that when monasticism revolves around abstention from the world and selflessness there is no greater form of this than that a person participates in battle)

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase Me!

He said: “Love the poor and sit with them

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Look to those who are lesser than you (i.e. are less well to do) and dont look to those who are above you (i.e. have more than you) as it is better in preventing one from looking down with disdain at Allahs blessings upon you

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Speak the truth even if it is bitter!”

This then is the end of that which is authentic from the hadeeth.

Truly as Imaam Manaawi mentions concerning the hadeeth:

What an amazing bequest! How beneficial, comprehensive and wonderful! Glad tidings to the one who is granted success in accepting it and acting upon it!”

(At Tayseer 1/786)

That which follows is some detail from ‘Dha’eef mawaarid Adham’aan’ – (p11-17) of Shaikh Al Albaani concerning which parts of the hadeeth are Saheeh, Hasan and Dha’eef and I have highlighted the weak portions in red

Upon the authority of Abi Dharr – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu – who said: “I entered the masjid (on an occassion) and found The Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam sitting alone. He said (to me): “Oh Abaa Dharr! Indeed the masjid has a greeting and its greeting is to pray two rak’ah so stand and pray them.”

(Hasan Li Ghairihi except the command (ie to stand and pray) for it is saheeh)

He (Abu Dharr) said: “So I stood and I performed them”

(Hasan Li Ghairihi)

Then I returned and sat with him and said: “Oh Messenger of Allah!, Indeed you have commanded me with Salaah, so what is Salaah?

He said: “The best (act of worship) sent down! So perform much of it or little! (meaning the choice is yours but the more of its ‘legislated’ forms you perform the better)

(Hasanun Li Ghairihi – At Ta’leeq ur Ragheeb 1/145)

He said (Abu Dharr): “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Which action is best?

He said: “To have belief in Allah and to make Jihaad in his way

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi – As Saheehah (1390))

He said: ” I said “Oh Messenger of Allah! Which of the believers is most complete in Faith?

He said: “The one that has the best character

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi – As Saheehah (284))

So I said: ” Which of the believers has the best Islam

He said:”The one who the people are safe from his tongue and his hand

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah which Salaah is best?

He said “The one that has the longest standing (I.e for recitation)”

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi – Al Irwaa (458))

So I said Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which migration is best?

He said:”The one that migrates from evil deeds

(Saheeh Li ghairihi – As Saheehah (549 and 553))

He said:” I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah then what is fasting?

He said: “A compulsory action that one is rewarded for, and with Allah the reward is many times multiplied

He said: “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which Jihad is best?

He said: “The one in which ones riding beast is injured and his (the warriors) blood is spilt

(Saheeh li ghairihi – As Saheehah (552) and Saheeh Abi Daawood (1303))

He said: “I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Then which charity is best?

He said: “The (Charitable) effort of the one who has little, given secretly to the poor

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi except the sentence about giving in secret Al Irwaa – 3/317 and 415)

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! then what is the greatest of that which Allah has sent down to you?

He said: “Aayatul Kursi

(Saheeh Li ghairihi – Saheeh Abi Dawood (1311)

then he said: “Oh Abaa Dharr! the seven heavens in comparison to the Kursi is not except like a ring thrown in vast open land (i.e a desert). And the virtue of the throne over the Kursi is like the superiority of that land over that ring!”

I said:” Oh Messenger of Allah! How many were the prophets?

He said: “One hundred and twenty thousand

(Da’eef Jiddan (Very weak))

I said: ” Oh Messenger of Allah! How many were the messengers from that?

He said: “three hundred and thirteen, a large amount

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi)

He said: I said: ” Oh Messenger of Allah! who was the first of them?

He said: “Aadam – Alahis salaam

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! was he a prophet that was sent?

He said: “Yes! Allah created him with his hand, then blew his spirit into him, and spoke to him directly!

Saheeh Li Ghairihi – As Saheehah (2668))

then He said (to me): “Oh Abaa Dharr! four of them were Syriacs, Aadam, Seth (Aadam’s Son), Enoch, and he is Idrees and was the first to scribe with a pen – and Noah. And four were Arabs, Hood, Shu’ayb, Saalih and your prophet Muhammad – Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Salam

So I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! How many books did Allah send down?

He said: “One hundred and four books: Fifty scrolls were revealed to Seth, thirty scrolls were revealed to Enoch, ten scrolls were revealed to Ibraaheem and ten scrolls were revealed to Moosaa before the revelation of the Tawraah, and the Tawraah, the Injeel, The Zaboor (the Psalms) and the Furqaan (The Qur’aan) were revealed”

I said : “Oh Messenger of Allah! “What were the scrolls of Ibraaheem? He said: “They were all Parables. Oh you insolent, wretched, self-conceited King! Indeed I did not send you to collect the dunya together, rather I sent you to respond to the supplication of the oppressed on my behalf, for indeed I do not reject it, even if it comes from a Kaafir

(Dha’eef Jiddan – Very weak, though the last sentance does have an origin see ‘As Saheehah (870))

It is upon the intelligent person, as long as his mind has not been overcome (ie by mental illness) to have periods. A period wherein he calls upon his lord, a period wherein he takes account of himself, a period wherein he reflects upon the creation of Allah and a period that he spends seeking his needs from food and drink.

It is likewise upon the intelligent person to avoid travel except for three reasons, (to gain) provisions for the hereafter, seeking his livelihood or taking enjoyment in that which is not prohibited.

It is likewise upon the intelligent person to have insight into his era, to proceed towards his affair (ie to head diligently towards the affairs that benefit him) and to guard his tongue. And whosoever evaluates his speech in comparison to his actions, will speak little except in that which concerns him.

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! What were the scrolls of Musaa?

He said: “They were all lessons (and admonitions). I am amazed at the one who is certain of death then he is happy. And I am amazed at the who is certain of the (presence) of the fire then he laughs and I am amazed at the one who is certain of pre-decree (i.e. in relation to that which is alloted to him) then he wears himself out. And I am amazed at the one who sees this world and how affairs change for its people then he is tranquil within it. And I am amazed at the one who has certainty that the reckoning is tomorrow yet he doesnt act”

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi)

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! advise me!

He said: “I advise you with the fear of Allah, for indeed it is the pinnacle of all affairs.

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me! He said: “Cling to reciting the Qur’aan and the rememberance of Allah, for indeed it is light for you in the life of this world and it is preserved for you in the heavens

(Saheeh – ‘As Saheehah’ – (555))

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Be aware of laughing excessively, for indeed it kills the heart and removes light from the face

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi except the sentence about light – Saheehah (930))

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Remain silent except with that which is good,for indeed it repels the shaytaan from you and it is an aid for you upon the affairs of your deen

(Dha’eef Jiddan – Very weak see previous reference)

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Make jihad since it is the monasticism of my Ummah” (meaning that when monasticism revolves around abstention and selflessness there is no greater form of this than that a person participates in battle)

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi ‘As Saheehah – (555))

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase Me!

He said: “Love the poor and sit with them

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Look to those who are lesser than you (i.e. are less well to do) and dont look to those who are above you (ie have more than you) as it is better in preventing one from looking down with disdain at Allahs blessings upon you

(Saheeh Li Ghairihi – ‘Ar Rawdh’ – (604))

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “Speak the truth even if it is bitter!”

I said: “Oh Messenger of Allah! Increase me!

He said: “let that which you know about yourself divert you from speaking about the people, and do not be angered by that which comes from them. It is sufficient deficiency for you, that you see and observe from them what you do not acknowledge about yourself (meaning that usually those who critisise usually possess the same traits as the ones he speaks about), and that you become angered by that which comes from them (ie towards you)

Then he struck my chest with his hand and said:

“Oh Abaa Dharr! There is no intellect like planning and considering the outcome of affairs, there is no piety like abstaining (i.e. from that which doesnt concern you, from harming people, from haraam etc) and there is no nobility like good character”

(I (Shaikh Al Albaani) say: In its chain is Ibraaheem ibn Hishaam ibn Yahyah Al Ghasaani. Abu Haatim and others said about him: “Kathaab (liar)”

(Dha’eef Jiddan – Very weak see ‘Ad Dha’eefah – 1910, 5638 and 6090 though some of its parts are authentic and established in other ahaadeeth..”
Wallahu ta’aalaa a’lam
Wa Sallallahu ‘alaa Nabiyinaa Muhammad
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