Monthly Archives: August 2012

Seal Ramadhān with Istighfār!

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salātu Was Salāmu ‘alaa Rasūlillahi

Ammā Ba’d:

With this the final day of the blessed month of Ramadhān, no doubt it grieves us to see it end with such quickness. And it the likes of this rapid movement of time that we witness that brings to mind the like of the statement of the Sahābi Al Jalīl Abdullah Ibn Mas’ūd – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu who said:

I have not grieved over anything the way I grieve over a day that the sun sets, my determined period shortens, and I have not increased in my actions

But keep in mind constantly that the affairs are by ones final actions (as occurs in an authentic hadeeth), so let the end of this month of Ramadhān be with Istighfār (seeking forgiveness) from Allah and Taubah (repentance).

For certainly Istighfār is the seal of righteous actions.

Allah the most high said to his Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam at the end of his life:

When comes the help of Allah and the conquest (of Makkah),
And you see that the people enter Allah’s religion in crowds,
Then glorify the praise of your lord (declare him free of imperfections) and seek his forgiveness.
Verily he is the one who accepts the repentance and forgives.”

(Suratun Nasr)

Allah the most high similarly commands the Hujaaj (Pilgrims) when they have finished their rites to make istighfār

Then depart from the place whence all the people depart and ask Allah for his forgiveness. Truly Allah is Oft Forgiving Most Merciful

(Suratul Baqarah Vs 199)

And the examples of this are many.

Likewise the Salaf of this Ummah would fear their actions being rejected after their performance, as Allah informs us:

And those who give (in charity) that which they give, with their hearts full of fear (whether their charity has been accepted or not) because they are sure to return to their Lord (for reckoning)”

(Suratul Mu’minūn Vs 60)

Where are such feelings within us as this month comes to an end?

As Ali – Radhiyallahu anhu mentioned:

Be as ardent upon your actions being accepted as you are upon the performance of the action, have you not heard the statement of Allah:

Indeed Allah accepts only from those who are muttaqūn (God-fearing)”

(Suratul Mā’idah Vs 27)

May Allah accept our Fast, our salaah and our righteous actions and grant us a blessed Eid

Wa Sallallahu Alaa Nabiyinā Muhammad Wa ‘Alaa Aalihi Was Sahbihi Ajma’een

Abu Hakeem

Lailatul Qadr – Odd or even nights?!

Bismillahi wal Hamdullillah Was Salātu Was Salāmu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammā ba’d:

Now that the last ten days of Ramadhān are upon us there is an issue that often time comes up during ramadhān related to the affair of lailatul qadr. What is commonly known is that one should look for it during the last ten nights on the odd nights, since many texts indicate that.

There is a group of scholars though, who hold that it is possible to occur on an even night and they site texts that indicate that. From those scholars we have the statement of Shaikhul Islām Ibn Taimiyah – Rahimahullahu ta’ala.

Shaikhul Islām states (after being asked about Lailatul Qadr):

Alhamdullillah lailatul Qadr is in the last ten nights of the month of ramadhān, this is how it has authentically occurred from the messenger – () that he said:

It is in the last ten days of Ramadhān

and it is in the odd nights.

The odd nights though, are viewed in respect to that which has passed (from the month), thus one seeks out the 21st and the 23rd and the 25th and the 27th and the 29th.

It is also sought from a point of view of what remains (from the month). Just as the Prophet – Sallallahu alaihi Was salam said (In the Hadīth of Abu Bakarah – Radhiyallahu anhu):

“(seek it) on the ninth of the nights remaining of ramadhān, the seventh of the nights remaining of Ramadhān, the fifth of the nights remaining of ramadhān, the third of the nights remaining of ramadhān

(Collected by Imaam Abu Dawood At Tayālisi (922 – Turki print) and tirmidhi and declared ‘Sahīh bu Shaikh Nāsir in Sahīh Sunan At Tirmidhi (636))

Based upon this, if it is a 30 day month, then that will occur on even nights, and the 22nd night will be the 9th of the nights remaining from ramadhān, the 24th will be the 7th of the nights remaining from ramadhān (and so on). This is how Abu Sa’īd Al Khudhri explained it in an authentic hadīth. And thus the Prophet  (ﷺ ) established the month in this way.

If (however) the month is of 29 days, (as lunar months often are) then the remaining days (as it relates to them falling on odd or even nights) will be the same as the past days (meaning whichever way one looks at it on a 29 day month, the odd nights in respect to looking at the month from the beginning will start from the 21st and considering the second hadīth, counting down, the ninth night will also fall on the 21st and eight will be on the 22nd and so on)

Therefore if this is the case it is befitting that the believer seeks it out in all of the (nights of the) last ten..”

(Majmoo’ul Fatāwā 25/284-285)

Thus according to this last hadīth and explanation of Shaikhul Islām, it is as though one is counting the last nine nights down from the 22nd in a 30 day month or the 21st in a 29 day month.

Therefore reflecting upon this statement of Shaikhul Islām we see that whether the month has 29 or 30 days, the month always has ten complete last days. If the month is of 30 days, then the last ten begins on the 21st night, but if the month is of 29 days then the last ten begins on the 20th night. This is in respect to what has passed of the month. Then if one looks at the month from a point of view of ‘that which remains’ (as occurs in the second hadīth) then the ninth of the nights remaining from ramadhān in a 30 day month falls on the 22nd night, while the ninth of the nights remaining from ramadhān in a 29 day month falls on the 21st night.

If this is understood then it becomes clear that lailatul qadr may possibly fall on an even night just as it may possibly fall on an odd night though it is most likely to fall on an odd night as occurs in the popular hadīth.

Thus it is possible that lailatul qadr could fall on an even night.

Perhaps this may shine some light upon the following hadeeth that discusses the qur’aan being revealed from the lawh al Mahfooh to the lowest heavens on laylatul Qadr.

Upon the authority of wāthilah Ibnil Asqa’ from the Prophet (ﷺ) who said:

The scrolls of Ibrāhīm were revealed on the first night of the month of ramadhān, and the taurāt was revealed on the 6th day of Ramadhān. The Injīl was revealed on the 13th day of Ramadhān and the zaboor on the 18th day of Ramadhān and the Qur’ān was revealed on the 24th of Ramadhān

(Collected by Tabarāni and Baihaqi and declared ‘Hasan’ by Shaikh Al Albāni in Sahīhul Jāmi’ (1497))

and since Allah the most high says:

Indeed we have sent it (this Qur’ān) down in the night of Qadr

(Suratul Qadr Vs 1)

Wallahu A’lam

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