Monthly Archives: February 2012

Fundamentals in the manhaj of the Salaf (Part 3)

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa ba’d:

Clinging to the way of the Salaf, was from the Manhaj of the Salaf!

A question that must arise when one calls to the way and methodology of the Salaf is:

‘Was it from the manhaj of the call to the manhaj of the Salaf?’

Hopefully the following narrations will bring clarity to this issue.

Upon the Authority of Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu who said:

Indeed we follow (i.e. the prophet and those who preceded us) and we dont initiate, we imitate (i.e. the prophet and those who preceded us) and we dont innovate, and we will never go astray as long as we hold on to that which they have left

(Collected by Imaamud Daarimi in his ‘Sunan/Musnad’ (205) and Ibn Nasr in ‘As Sunnah’ (28) and At Tabaraani in ‘Mu’jamul Kabeer’ 8770)

Upon the Authority of Ubai Ibn Ka’b – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu who said:

Cling to the Path (The Sabeel) and the Sunnah for indeed there is no servant upon the path (sabeel) and the Sunnah who remembers Allah and his eyes shed tears due to fear of Allah, that will ever enter the fire. Certainly moderation upon the Sunnah and that which is good, is better than striving (hard) in opposition to the Path (Sabeel) and the Sunnah

(Collected by Al Lalakaa’ee (1/87) and Al Khateeb in ‘Al Faqeeh wal Mutafaqih’ (1/147))

Look how here Ubai Ibn Ka’b used the same expression (that is As Sabeel (the Path) and As Sunnah(the Sunnah)) that Ibn Abbaas – Radhiyallahu anhu used in his tafseer of the word ‘Minhaaj’ in the statement of Allah:

“..To each (nation) among you we prescribed a law and a ‘Minhaaj’..”

(Suratul Maa’idah Vs 48)

Indicating they understood what ‘manhaj’  was and the importance of clinging to it.

Upon the authority of Uthmaan Ibn Haadhir Al Azdi – Rahimahullah who said: I entered upon Ibn Abbaas – Radhiyallahu ‘anhumaa – and said “Advise me” so he said: “Remain Upright, Follow and do not Innovate, Follow the narrations of the first generation and do not innovate

(Collected by Ibn Nasr in ‘As Sunnah’ (29) and by Ibn Battah in ‘Al Ibaanatul Kubraa (157,158,200))

Muhammad ibn Seereen said: “They used to say, If a man is upon (following) the narrations (i.e. of the Salaf) then he is upon the path

(Collected by Ad Daarimi (140, 141) and Al Khalaal in ‘As Sunnah’ (1102))

Abul ‘Aaliyah said: “Cling to the first affair that they (i.e the Salaf) were upon before they (the Muslims) began to split (i.e. into groups and sects)

(Collected by Abu Nu’aym in ‘Al Hilyah (2/218) and Al Marwazi in ‘As Sunnah’ (26))

Imaamul Auzaa’ie mentioned: “Cling to the Narrations of those who have passed, even if the people reject you, and be aware of the opinions of people, even if they are beautified with speech. For certainly the affairs will become clear and you will find yourself upon a straight path.

(Collected by Adh Dhahabee in siyar ‘Alaamun Nubalaa (7/120))

Imaam Ahmad – Rahimahullah mentioned: “The foundations of the Sunnah as far as we are concerning are:

To cling to that which the companions of the Messenger -Sallallahu ‘alaihi Wa Salam were upon, and to follow them and to leave innovation

(Usoolus sunnah Imaam Ahmad p25-27 Maktabah Ibn Taimiyah print)

Al Imaamul Aajurri mentions in ‘As Shari’ah’ 1/301:

The sign of one who Allah wants good for, is that he follows this path: the book of Allah The Sunan of the messenger of Allah, and the sunan of his companions and those who follow them upon goodness. Likewise that which the Imaams of the Muslims were upon from every land to the another, those who are from the Ulamaa, the likes of Al Awzaa’ie, Sufyaan Ath Thowri, Maalik ibn Anas, Ash Shaafiee’, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Al Qaasim bin Salaam and those who are upon their path and staying away from every path these Ulamaa have dispraised

And that continues to be the case till this very day.

Wallahu A’lam

Abu Hakeem

Ahaadeeth that are popular, Widespread and Weak (Part 2)

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

In continuing with this series:

From the un-established ahaadeeth:

11. When he (The Messenger – Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa salam) came to Madina, the Women and children began to sing:

‘Tala’al Badru ‘Alainaa’ (The full moon has risen upon us)

‘Min Thaneeyaatil Wadaa’ (From Thaneeyatil Wadaa'(one of the entrances into Madina))

‘Wajabash Shukru ‘Alainaa’ (Giving thanks is mandatory upon us)

‘Maa Da’aa Lillahi Daa’ (As long as there is a caller calling to Allah)

Ruling: Weak (Collected by Abul Hasan al khala’ee in Al Fawaa’id 2/59 and Baihaqi in ‘Dalaa’il 2/233 there are three missing narrators from its chain so it is considered ‘Mu’dhal’)

Ibnil Qayyim rejects this claim with his statement:

It is clear conjecture, because thaneeyatul Wadaa’ is in the direction of shaam (Syria, Jordon region) hence the one who comes from Makkah to Madinah, doesnt even see it! except if he heads towards Shaam

(Zaadul Ma’aad 3/13)

Imaam Ghazaali mentions the story with the addition ‘..while playing the Duff and singing

Imaam Al ‘Iraaqi mentions rebutting this: “There is no mention of The Duff and singing in it!

12. ” Whosoever has three boys and does not name one of them Muhammad, then he has acted ignorantly

Ruling: Fabricated.

The Hadeeth is collected by Imaam Tabaraani in ‘Mu’jamul Kabeer 108-109 and in its chain is Laith ibn Abi Sulaim who is a weak narrator

This may explain a customary practice in many muslim countries of adding ‘Muhammad’ to the name of every child (i.e. Muhammad Illyas, Muhammad Yusuf, Muhammad Shafeeq etc)

Wallahu A’lam

13. “If the Khateeb ascends the Minbar (i.e. on Jumu’ah) then there is no prayer or speech

Ruling: Baatil (false)

Since the hadeeth opposes that which is known to be authentic from that:

1. The hadeeth: “If one of you comes on the day of Jumu’ah and the Imaam has come out (i.e to address the congregation) then make two rak’ahs” (Collected by Bukhaari and Muslim)

2. The Hadeeth of Sulaik Al Ghatafaani who came to the masjid while the messenger was giving the sermon so he said to him “Oh Sulaik stand and perform two Rak’ahs and let him perform two light rak’ahs then he said “If one of you comes on the day of Jumu’ah and the Imaam is giving the sermon, then let him make two rak’ah and let him perform two light rak’ahs” (Collected by Muslim 3/14-15)

3. The hadeeth “If you say to your companion on the day of Jumu’ah ‘be quiet’ while the Imaam is giving the sermon then you have made a sinful utterance” (Agreed upon)

these two hadeeth indicate:

1. The permissibility of praying after the Imaam has come out to address the congregation

2. the permissibility of praying while the Imaam is giving the sermon

3. The permissiblity of speaking after the Imaam has come out to address the congregation, and even while he is upon the minbar, as long as he hasnt began to speak

14: “Aisha had a miscarriage for the Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam – and she named it Abdullah, due to this she was given the kunya Umm Abdullah

Ruling: Baatil (False)

Collected by Al Khateeb in ‘Al Muwadih’ 1/321)

In it is Dawood ibn Muhabbar Imaamudh Dhahabee mentions concerning him in Dewaanudh Dhu’afaa (1/127) “He fabricates hadeeth upon trustworthy narrators”

It also opposes what is established concerning this and that is that Aisha said to the messenger – Sallallahu Alaihi Was Salam –

Oh Messenger of Allah Indeed all of your wives have Kunya’s except me!” So the Messenger said to her “Take a kunya from your son Abdullah (i.e Abdullah ibn Zubair, the son of her sister Asmaa), you are Umm Abdullah!”

(Collected by Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad 6/151 and declared ‘Saheeh by Shaikh Al Albaani in ‘Saheehah’ 1/256)

The Hadeeth establishes the permissibility of taking a kunya without having a child

15. Consult with them, then oppose them! (i.e. Women)

Ruling: No origin (attributed to the messenger – Sallallahu Alaihi was Salam)

The Statement does have origin attributed to Umar though in a narration collected by Ali ibn il Ja’d al Jauwhari (1/177/12) with a weak chain of narration that has two defects in it, 1.The unknown state of Hafs ibn Uthmaan Ibn Ubaidillah and 2. The presence of a weak narrator Yahyah ibnil Mutawakil Al Umari.

(See ‘Ad Dha’eefah’ of Shaikh Al Albaani (430))

Additionally its meaning is not correct since Allah has stated in the Qur’aan concerning parents weaning their child onto food prior to the end of two recommended years of suckling:

“..If they both decide on weaning, on mutual consent and after due consultation, then there is no sin upon them..”

(Saratul Baqarah Vs 233)

Likewise the Messenger of Allah – Sallallahu alaihi Was Salam consulted with his wife Umm Salamah in the incident of the pact of Hudaibiyah, when the Messenger and his companions were not able to complete their Umra, and they had to shave their heads early, so the messenger sought her advice concerning what to do, so she advised him Oh Messenger of Allah, you shave first and they will follow you. So the Messenger of Allah took her correct advice and did not oppose her.

Wa Billahit Tawfeeq

Abu Hakeem

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