Ahādīth concerning fasting the day of ‘Āshūrā

Bismillāh Al-Hamdulillaah wa salātu wa salāmu ‘ala rasūlillāh
Ammā ba’d

The Encouragement to Fast the day of ‘Āshūrā

Taken from ‘Sahīh Targhīb’ by Shaykh al-Albani

The Book of Fasting

Chapter to Fast the Day of ‘Āshūrā

(1) – 1017 – Sahīh

On the Authority of Abu Qatāda (radhiallāhu ‘anhu): That the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) was asked about the fast of the day of ‘Āshūrā, so he answered: “It expiates the sins of the previous year.”
Narrated by Muslim and other than him, and by Ibn Mājah and his wording is: “The fast of the day of ‘Āshūrā; Indeed the reward that I request from Allāh is that He expiates the sins of the year before this year.”

(2) – 1018 – Sahīh

On the authority of Ibn ‘Abbās (radhiallāhu ‘anhu): That the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) fasted the day of ‘Āshūrā, and he ordered for it to be fasted.

Narrated by Bukhāri and Muslim

(3) – 1019 – Sahīh

On the authority of Ibn ‘Abbās (radiallāhu ‘anhu), who was asked about the fast of the day of ‘Āshūrā, so he answered: “I do not know of the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) fasting a day, wanting the excellence of that fast above that of other days, nor any other month other than this month. i.e. Ramadhān.”

(4) – 1020- Hasan li ghayrihi

On the authority of Ibn ‘Abbās (radhiallāhu ‘anhu):
That the Prophet (ﷺ) never aspired for the excellence of a day after Ramadhān, except the day of ‘Āshūrā.

Narrated by Tabarāni in ‘al-Awasat’, and its isnād is hasan with the isnād before it

(5) – 1021 – Sahīh li ghayrihi

On the authority of Abu Sa’īd al-Khudri (radhiallāhu ‘anhu), who said that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said: “Whoever fasts the day of ‘Arafāt, he is forgiven for the following year and the previous year. And whoever fasts ‘Āshūrā, then he is forgiven the year.”

Narrated by Tabarāni with an isnād that is Hasan.
____________________________________________________
The day of ‘Āshūrā is the tenth day of Muharram

All praise belongs to Allāh; may His peace and blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions, and all those who follow his guidance.

(Source: Salafitalk.com)

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